Mental Retardation

Mental Retardation

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For courses dealing with the Characteristics of Mental Retardation.As the market-leading text, this sixth edition continues the tradition of providing educators with timely information about the many facets of mental retardation from a life-cycle perspective. The introductory text, divided into four parts, concentrates on the basic concepts about mental retardation, the characteristics of individuals who have different levels of retardation, programming and issues across the lifespan of individuals who are retarded, and addresses ongoing family concerns, individual rights, legal issues, institutions and community living, and current and emerging issues.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 570 pages
  • 192 x 239.8 x 27.2mm | 1,052.34g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Pearson
  • United States
  • English
  • 6th edition
  • 0130329908
  • 9780130329905

Table of contents

(Each chapter ends with a Summary and References).I. BASIC CONCEPTS. 1. Historical Perspectives. Historical Overview. Emergence and Early Disillusionment of a Field: 1700-1890. Facilities-Based Orientation: 1890-1960. Services-Based Orientation: 1960-1985. Supports-Based Orientation: 1985-Present. Final Reflections.2. Terminology and Definition. Mental Retardation in Context. Terminology. Disablism and Mental Retardation. Defining Mental Retardation. Contemporary Definitional Perspectives. Operationalizing Definitional Perspectives. Incidence and Prevalence. Final Considerations.3. Assessment of Mental Retardation. Theories of Intelligence. Assessment of Intelligence. Theories of Adaptive Behavior. Assessment of Adaptive Behavior.4. Individual Rights and Legal Issues. The Context for Securing Individual's Rights. Legal Precedents of Individual Rights. Institutional Rights. Community Rights. Issues That Span a Lifetime. Persisting Problems. Final Thoughts.II. BIOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY, AND SOCIOLOGY OF MENTAL RETARDATION. 5. Biological Sources of Mental Retardation and Efforts for Prevention. Terminology. Genetic Disorders. Genetic Transmission. Chromosomal Deviations. Cranial Malformations. Other Congenital Factors. Prematurity and Perinatal Concerns. Postnatal Biological Concerns. Prevention. Ethical Issues. Final Thoughts.6. Psychosocial Aspects of Mental Retardation. Individual Aspects. Environmental Aspects. Interventions.7. Characteristics of Individuals with Milder Forms of Mental Retardation. Characteristics of Milder Retardation. Demographic Characteristics. Motivational and Sociobehavioral Characteristics. Learning Characteristics. Speech and Language Characteristics. Physical Health Characteristics. Educational Characteristics.8. Characteristics of Persons with Severe Mental Retardation. Characteristics of Severe Mental Retardation. Behavioral Characteristics. Communication Characteristics. Physical and Emotional Health Characteristics. Educational Concerns. Appropriate Outcomes. Supports.III. PROGRAMMING AND INTERVENTION ISSUES ACROSS THE LIFESPAN. 9. Infancy and Early Childhood. Rationale for Early Childhood and Special Education. Legislation Affecting Early Childhood Special Education Programs. DEC-Recommended Practices. Measures of Early Childhood Development. Issues in Early Childhood Assessment. Programming for Young Children. Curriculum. Family Involvement. Transition.10. School Years: Educational Programming. Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA). Educational Environment Options. Assessment and Program Planning. Programming for School-Age Learners.11. Transitional Years: Preparing for Adulthood. Basic Concepts of Transition. Transition Education. Transition Planning. Vocational Preparation.12. Adult Years: Life in the Community. Adult Development. Patterns of Residential and Community Living. Adjusting to Life in the Community. Issues of the Adult Years.IV. FUTURE ISSUES. 13. Family Considerations. Organization of the Family. Family Functioning. Issues in Family Living.14. Assistive Technology Applications. Definition of Assistive Technology. Benefits of Assistive Technology. Policies and Legalities Surrounding Assistive Technology. Barriers of Assistive Technology. Modifications.Appendix. Glossary. Index.show more

About Mary Beirne-Smith

Mary Beirne-Smith is associate professor in the Programs in Special Education at The University of Alabama. Her previous experience includes general and special education classroom teaching and public school administration. Her research interests center around academic interventions for students with mild learning disorders who are included in general education classrooms. She is currently involved in implementing a collaborative consultation project with several local education agencies. Mary received her M.Ed. and Ed.D. from the University of Virginia. Richard E Ittenbach is a biostatistician in the Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. He has written numerous articles on the adjustment of persons with mental retardation, young adult development, and issues pertaining to the measurement of mental and special abilities. He received his Ph.D. in Education/School Psychology from the University of Alabama in 1989. James R. Patton is the executive editor at Pro-Ed and adjunct associate professor at the University of Texas at Austin. He has experience teaching students with special needs at the elementary, secondary, and post-secondary levels. His research interests include curriculum development, life-long learning, instructional methodology, and teaching science. Currently he is developing integrated curricula and life skills programs. Jim earned his B.S. from the University of Notre Dame and his M.Ed. and Ed.D. from the University of Virginia.show more

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