The Media and the Rwanda Genocide

The Media and the Rwanda Genocide

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The news media played a crucial role in the 1994 Rwanda genocide: local media fuelled the killings, while the international media either ignored or seriously misconstrued what was happening.

This is the first book to explore both sides of that media equation. The book examines how local radio and print media were used as a tool of hate by encouraging neighbours to turn against each other. It also presents a critique of international media coverage of the cataclysmic events in Rwanda. Bringing together local reporters and commentators from Rwanda, high-profile Western journalists and leading media theorists, this is the only book to identify and probe the extent of the media's accountability. It also examines deliberations by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda on the role of the media in the genocide.

In writing this startling record of the dangerous negative influence that the media can have, when used as a political tool or when news organisations and journalists fail to live up to their responsibilities, the authors put forward suggestions for the future; outlining how we can avoid censorship and propaganda, and arguing for a new responsibility in media reporting.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 416 pages
  • 150 x 230 x 33.53mm | 821g
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 0745326269
  • 9780745326269
  • 1,870,857

Table of contents

Foreword: Message to the symposium on the media and the Rwanda genocide by Kofi Annan


Introduction by Allan Thompson

1. The media dichotomy by Romeo Dallaire

2. Rwanda: walking the road to genocide by Gerald Caplan

Part 1: Hate media in Rwanda

3. Call to genocide: radio in Rwanda, 1994 by Alison Des Forges

4. RTLM propaganda: the democratic alibi by Jean-Pierre Chretien

5. Kangura: the triumph of propaganda refined by Marcel Kabanda (4910)

6. Rwandan private print media on the eve of the genocide by Jean-Marie Vianney Higiro

7. Echoes of violence: considerations on radio and genocide in Rwanda by Darryl Li

8. Journalism in a time of hate media by Thomas Kamilindi

9. RTLM: the medium that became a tool for mass murder by Mary Kimani

10. The effect of RTLM's rhetoric of ethnic hatred in rural Rwanda by Charles Mironko

Part 2: International coverage of the genocide

11. Reporting the genocide by Mark Doyle

12. Who failed in Rwanda, journalists or the media? by Anne Chaon

13. Reporting Rwanda: the media and the aid agencies by Lindsey Hilsum

14. Limited vision: how both the American media and government failed Rwanda by Steven Livingston

15. Missing the story: the media and the Rwandan genocide by Linda Melvern

16. What did they say? African media coverage of the first 100 days of the Rwandan crisis by Emmanuel C. Alozie

17. Exhibit 467: genocide through a camera lens by Nick Hughes

18. Media failure over Rwanda's genocide by Tom Giles

19. A genocide without images: white film noirs by Edgar Roskis

20. Notes on circumstances that facilitate genocide: The attention given to Rwanda by the media and others outside Rwanda before 1990 by Mike Dottridge

21. The media's failure: a reflection on the Rwandan genocide by Richard Dowden

22. How the media missed Rwandan genocide by Alan J. Kuperman

23. An analysis of news magazine coverage of the Rwanda crisis in the United States by Melissa Wall

Part 3: Journalism as genocide: the Media Trial

24. The verdict: summary judgement from the Media Trial

25. The pre-genocide case against Radio-Television Libre des Milles Collines by Simone Monasebian

26. The challenges in prosecuting print media for incitement to genocide by Charity Kagwi-Ndungu

27. 'Hate media' - crimes against humanity and genocide: Opportunities missed by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda by Jean-Marie Biju-Duval

28. A lost opportunity for justice: Why did the ICTR not prosecute gender propaganda? by Binaifer Nowrojee

Part 4: After the genocide and the way forward

29. Intervening to prevent genocidal violence: the role of the media by Frank Chalk

30. Information in crisis areas as a tool for peace: the Hirondelle experience by Philippe Dahinden

31. The use and abuse of media in vulnerable societies by Mark Frohardt and Jonathan Temin

32. Censorship and propaganda in post-genocide Rwanda by Lars Waldorf

33. PG - parental guidance or portrayal of genocide: The comparative depiction of mass murder in contemporary cinema by Michael Dorland

34. The responsibility to report: a new journalistic paradigm by Allan Thompson


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About Allan Thompson

Allan Thompson is Associate Professor at the School of Journalism and Communication at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada and a former columnist with the Toronto Star. He is the editor of The Media and the Rwanda Genocide (Pluto, 2007).
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Rating details

33 ratings
3.75 out of 5 stars
5 24% (8)
4 39% (13)
3 27% (9)
2 6% (2)
1 3% (1)
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