Mechanical and Electrical Systems in Buildings
For undergraduate-level courses in Building Mechanical Systems, Building Electrical Systems, and Illumination offered to students in Construction Technology, Architecture, Civil Technology, and Interior Design and Building Engineering.Designed to bridge the ever-widening gap between textbooks and the realities that confront engineering, and construction professionals, this text provides an overview of the principles and applications of all basic mechanical and electrical systems-with a focus on what, why, and basic design data examples. It explores emerging technology and environmental issues, and makes reference to essential engineering calculations and condensed data to illustrate principles.
- Hardback | 592 pages
- 210.8 x 276.9 x 33mm | 1,564.91g
- 31 Aug 2000
- Pearson Education (US)
- United States
- 2nd edition
Table of contents
1. The Scope and Impact of Mechanical and Electrical Systems. The Scope of Building M/E Systems. The Impact on Space Planning. The Impact on Architectural Design. The Impact on Construction Cost. The Impact on High-Rise Building Design. Energy and Energy Conversion. The Impact of Buildings on Global Environment. Environmentally Responsive and Integrated Designs. System Interfacing. Checklist of Building and M/E Requirements. Questions. References.2. HVAC Fundamentals. Environmental Comfort. Properties of Air-Water Mixtures. Energy Transport in HVAC Systems. HVAC Load Estimation. Calculating Heating Loads. Calculating Cooling Loads. Reference Tables and Figures. Wind Chill Factor (WCF). Questions.3. HVAC Delivery Systems. Control of Heating and Cooling. Zoning. Controls and Automation. Commonly Used Systems for Zone Control. Questions.4. Cooling Production Equipment and Systems. Refrigeration Cycles. Cooling Production Equipment. Direct Expansion (DX) Systems. Chilled-Water Systems. Heat Rejection from Cooling Systems to the Environment. Chilled-Water Plant Design. Questions.5. Heating Production Equipment and Systems. Types of Heating Systems. Heating Energy Sources. Furnaces and Air Heaters. Boilers. Selection of Medium and Equipment. Auxiliary Systems. Operating and Safety Controls. Heating Plant Design. Questions.6. Air-Handling Equipment and Systems. Air Handling Equipment. Heat Transfer. Air Cleaning. Air Mixing. Fans. Duct Systems. Air Devices. General Guidelines for Duct System Design. Questions and Exercises.7. Piping Equipment and Systems. Piping Systems and Components. Pumps. Heat Exchangers. Piping. Questions.8. Plumbing Equipment and Systems. Water Supply and Treatment. Domestic Water Distribution Systems. Plumbing Fixtures and Components. Planning Plumbing Facilities. Sanitary Drainage Systems. Sewage Treatment and Disposal. Storm Drainage System. Plumbing Services for Other Building Equipment. Questions. References.9. Fire Protection Equipment and Systems. Classification of Fire and Construction Hazards. Planning for Fire Protection. Fire Safety Design. Fire Detection and Signaling Devices. Fire Alarm Systems. Fire Suppression Systems. Automatic Sprinkler Systems. Smoke Controls. Summary. Questions. References.10. Introduction to Electricity. Direct Current. Direct Current Generation. Alternating Current (AC). Advantages of AC over DC Systems. AC-to-DC Conversion. Single-Phase versus Three-Phase Alternator. Power and Power Factor. Voltage and Voltage Drop. Summary of Properties. Questions.11. Power Systems and Equipment. Power Distribution Systems. Voltage Spread and Profile. Grounding. Short-Circuit and Interrupting Capacity. Emergency Power Systems. Power Equipment. Conductors. Wiring Methods. Installation of Wires in Raceways. Wiring Devices. Protective Devices. Questions.12. Communications, Life Safety, and Security Systems. Form and Function of Information Systems. Common Characteristics of Auxiliary or Information Systems. Classification of Auxiliary Systems. Components and Wiring. Telecommunication Systems. Data Distribution Systems. Security Systems. Telephone Systems. Fire Alarm Systems. Sound System. Time and Program Systems. Miscellaneous and Specialty Systems. Questions.13. Electrical Design and Wiring. Electrical Design Procedure. Analysis of Building Needs. Determination of Electrical Loads. System Selection and Typical Equipment Ratings. Coordination with Other Design Decisions. Drawing Up of Electrical Plans and Specifications. National Electrical Code. Branch Circuits. Tables and Schedules. Power Wiring Design Problem. Wiring of Low-Voltage Systems. Questions.14. Light and Lighting. Light and Vision. Color. Physics of Light. Light Controls. Questions.15. Lighting Equipment and Systems. Electrical Light Sources. Factors to Consider in Selecting Light Sources and Equipment. Incandescent Light Sources. Fluorescent Light Sources. High-Intensity-Discharge Light Sources. Miscellaneous Light Sources. General Comparison of Light Sources. Luminaires. Luminaires: Photometry. General Comparison of Lighting Systems. Questions.16. Calculations of Illumination. Quantity and Quality of Illumination. Determination of Illumination Requirements. Comprehensive Method for Determining Quantity and Quality of Illumination. Lumens (Zonal Cavity) Method. Point Method. Questions.17. Lighting Design. Design Process. Design Considerations. Lighting Design Development. Lighting Design Documentation. Lighting Design Implementation and Realization. Daylight. Exterior Lighting Design. Design Practice and Alternative Solutions. Questions.18. Noise and Vibrations in Mechanical and Electrical Systems. Retrospection. Noise Control-An Overview. Building Spaces Where Acoustical Concerns May Arise. Basic Concepts of Sound. Useful Design Criteria. Acoustical Design Considerations in HVAC Systems. Mechanical Equipment Rooms (MERs). Rooftop Units (RTUs). Sound in Ducts. Duct Silencers. Plenum Chambers. Sound Power Division in Duct Branches. Duct End Reflection Loss. Return Air Systems. Room Sound Correction. Transmission of Sound Through Walls and Ceilings. Adding Decibel Quantities. Sound Pressure, Sound Power, and Sound Intensity Level. Acoustical Absorption. Sound Transmission Loss. Isolation of Mechanical Vibration. Vibration Isolators. Seismic Vibration Control and Restraint. The Richter Scale. Guidelines for Seismic Design. Questions. References.Appendix A: Glossary of Terms, Acronyms, and Abbreviations. Appendix B: Glossary of Technical Organizations. Appendix C: Units and Conversion of Quantities. Index.