Mastering Windows Server 2016
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Mastering Windows Server 2016

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Description

The IT pro's must-have guide to Windows Server 2016 Mastering Windows Server 2016 is a complete resource for IT professionals needing to get quickly up to date on the latest release. Designed to provide comprehensive information in the context of real-world usage, this book offers expert guidance through the new tools and features to help you get Windows Server 2016 up and running quickly. Straightforward discussion covers all aspects, including virtualization products, identity and access, automation, networking, security, storage and more, with clear explanations and immediately-applicable instruction. Find the answers you need, and explore new solutions as Microsoft increases their focus on security, software-defined infrastructure, and the cloud; new capabilities including containers and Nano Server, Shielded VMs, Failover Clustering, PowerShell, and more give you plenty of tools to become more efficient, more effective, and more productive. Windows Server 2016 is the ideal server for Windows 10 clients, and is loaded with new features that IT professionals need to know.
This book provides a comprehensive resource grounded in real-world application to help you get up to speed quickly. * Master the latest features of Windows Server 2016 * Apply new tools in real-world scenarios * Explore new capabilities in security, networking, and the cloud * Gain expert guidance on all aspect of Windows Server 2016 migration and management System administrators tasked with upgrading, migrating, or managing Windows Server 2016 need a one-stop resource to help them get the job done. Mastering Windows Server 2016 has the answers you need, the practicality you seek, and the latest information to get you up to speed quickly.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 608 pages
  • 190 x 232 x 37mm | 814g
  • Sybex Inc.,U.S.
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 1. Auflage
  • 1119404975
  • 9781119404972
  • 1,230,678

Back cover copy

The definitive, hands-on guide to mastering Windows Server 2016

This book gets you up to speed, fast, on all of Windows Server 2016's new tools, features, functions, and capabilities. Real-world scenarios frame the information in a practical, solutions-oriented light for the system administrator tasked with upgrading or migrating to the latest Windows Server iteration and for managing Windows Server 2016. Straightforward discussions cover all aspects--including virtualization products, identity and access, automation, networking, security, storage, and more--with clear explanations and immediately applicable instruction. Your one-stop guide to all things Windows Server 2016, Mastering Windows Server 2016 gives you the information you need, when you need it, to get the job done right.

Coverage includes: Using virtual features to design, deploy, and maintain Windows Server 2016 Securing Active Directory(R) environments Migrating to cloud-only deployments as well as hybrid deployments Running and managing Windows Server 2016 using PowerShell(R) and other tools Designing and maintaining Windows Server 2016 using the latest networking features Utilizing the new security features in a datacenter and cloud environment Using failover clustering features and tools to guarantee uninterrupted service Running multiple operating systems simultaneously using Hyper-V(R) Exploiting new features and enhancements for software-defined storage

Master all the Latest Windows Server 2016 Features

Apply New Tools in Real-World Scenarios

Explore New Capabilities in Security, Networking, and the Cloud

Get Expert Guidance on Windows Server 2016 Migration and Management

Find Proven Solutions to all Common Windows Server 2016 Issues
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Table of contents

Introduction xxiii


Chapter 1 Windows Server 2016 Installation and Management 1


Windows Server 2016 Editions and Licensing 1


Processor Core-Based Licensing 3


Client Access Licenses 3


Licensing Programs 3


Other Editions of Windows Server 2016 4


Installing Windows Server 2016 4


Installation Steps 5


Post-Installation Configuration 9


Activation 10


Automating the Installation of Windows Server 2016 11


Sysprep and Imaging 12


Windows System Image Manager 14


Windows Deployment Services 16


Microsoft Deployment Toolkit 19


Deployment Solutions for Virtualization 19


Common Management Tools 20


Overview of Server Manager 21


Computer Management 24


Device Manager 24


Task Scheduler 25


Monitoring and Troubleshooting Tools 27


Event Viewer 28


Task Manager 29


Resource Monitor 30


Performance Monitor 32


The Bottom Line 33


Chapter 2 PowerShell 35


What Is PowerShell? 35


Forward Compatible 36


PowerShell Versions 36


Running and Customizing PowerShell 37


Customizing the PowerShell Console 37


Cutting and Pasting in PowerShell 37


Using PowerShell Integrated Scripting Environment (ISE) 38


Exploring the Command Add-On Pane 38


Setting Up PowerShell ISE Profiles 41


Editing Profiles 42


Setting Up Execution Policies 43


Recording PowerShell Sessions 44


Using Aliases and Getting Help 44


Using CMD.EXE-Like Commands in PowerShell 44


Exploring a Get-Help Example 46


Getting Get-Help Updates 47


Updating Help for Servers Without Internet Access 48


Accessing Online Help Files 48


Understanding Cmdlet Syntax 49


Interpreting the Syntax 49


Using Spaces in Cmdlets 51


Passing Multiple Values to a Parameter 51


Using Show-Command 52


Using -WhatIf 53


Using -Confirm 54


All About "About" Files 55


Understanding Shortened Command Syntax 56


Exploring PowerShell Command Concepts 58


Implementing Pipelines 59


Exploring Objects and Members 59


Exploring Properties, Events, and Methods 60


Performing Object Sorting 61


Measuring Objects 62


Using Select-Object to Select a Subset of Objects in a Pipeline 63


Using File Input and Output Operations 65


Converting Objects to Different Formats 66


Using ConvertTo-CSV 66


Using Export-Csv 67


Using ConvertTo-Html 68


Using ConvertTo-Xml 69


Using Export-Clixml 71


Encrypting an Exported Credential Object with Export-Clixml 71


Saving the Credentials to an XML File 73


Importing Data into PowerShell 74


Processing Pipeline Data 74


Using Comparison Operators 75


Using Wildcards and the -like Operator 76


Exploring Common Data Types 77


Determining Data Type with -is 79


Finding Portions of Strings with -match 80


Using the Containment Operators -contains and -notcontains 81


Using the -in and -notin Operators 81


Using the -replace Operator 82


Using Variables 83


Exploring Types of PowerShell Variables 83


Clearing and Removing Variables 84


Using the Variable Drive 84


Using Environmental Variables 84


Using Functions 85


Seeing Them in Action 85


Splatting 86


Creating Functions 86


Using Parameters 88


Sending Pipeline Objects to a Function with Begin, Process, and End 93


Viewing All Functions in a Session 94


Formatting Output 94


Using Format-Wide 94


Using Format-List 95


Using Format-Table 96


Using Loops 96


Using the For Loop 96


Using the Foreach Loop 97


Using the If Statement 99


Using the Switch Statement 100


Using the While Loop 102


Using the Where-Object Method 104


Managing Remote Systems via PowerShell 109


Using Enable-PSRemoting 109


Remoting to Workgroup Servers 110


Running PowerShell Commands on Remote Systems 110


Running Remote Scripts on Remote Computers 111


Establishing Persistent Remote Connections 111


Using PowerShell Direct 112


The Bottom Line 112


Chapter 3 Compute 115


Overview of Hyper-V 115


What's New in Windows Server 2016 Hyper-V 116


Installing Hyper-V 118


Nested Virtualization 119


Storage Options in Hyper-V 120


Virtual Hard Disk Types 120


Virtual Hard Disk Recommendations 121


Configuring Hyper-V 121


Hyper-V Networking 121


Hyper-V Virtual Machine Configurations 122


Shielded Virtual Machines 123


Virtual Machine Settings 124


Virtual Machine State 124


Virtual Machine Checkpoints 125


Importing and Exporting Virtual Machines 125


Live Migration 126


PowerShell Direct 126


Virtual Machine Migration 126


Overview of Live Migration 127


Live Migration Requirements 128


The Validation Wizard and the Cluster Support Policy Requirements 142


Configuring Roles 143


Managing Failover Clusters 144


Configuring Cluster Properties 145


Managing Cluster Nodes 145


Configuring Quorum Properties 147


What Is Cluster-Aware Updating? 148


What Is a Stretch Cluster? 149


Failover Clustering with Hyper-V 151


Implementing Hyper-V Failover Clustering 152


Implementing CSVs 154


The Bottom Line 155


Chapter 4 Storage 157


Overview of Storage in Windows Server 2016 157


File Systems 158


NTFS 158


ReFS 159


Comparing NTFS and ReFS 159


Data Deduplication 161


How Data Is Optimized 162


How Optimized Data Is Read 163


How Data Deduplication Works in the Background 164


How to Enable Data Deduplication 164


Data Deduplication Advanced Settings 165


Storage Spaces 166


Storage Spaces Configuration Options 167


Storage Spaces Direct 168


Storage Replica 170


Types of Replication 171


Deploying Storage Replica 174


Storage Quality of Service 176


Working with Storage QoS 176


The Bottom Line 177


Chapter 5 Networking 179


Windows Server 2016 Network Configuration 179


IP Configuration 180


Network Adapter Teaming 182


Windows Firewall 185


DNS 188


DNS Zones 189


Name Resolution Processing 192


Removing Stale DNS Records 197


Securing DNS 198


Monitoring and Troubleshooting DNS 199


DHCP 202


DHCP Scopes 204


DHCP Options 206


DHCP Policies and Filters 207


High Availability 208


DHCP Database 209


Remote Access 210


VPN 211


WAP 218


Network Load Balancing 219


Software Defined Networking 220


Network Controller 221


Hyper-V Network Virtualization 221


RAS Gateway 221


Datacenter Firewall 222


Software Load Balancing 222


Switch Embedded Teaming 223


Internal DNS Service 224


The Bottom Line 224


Chapter 6 File Services 227


File Services Overview 227


File Server 229


Installing the File Server 230


Creating a File Share 230


Assigning Permissions 231


BranchCache for Network Files 232


BranchCache Modes of Operation 233


DFS Namespaces and DFS Replication 237


Accessing Shared Folders in DFS 238


Configuring DFS Replication 241


DFS Monitoring and Troubleshooting 243


File Server Resource Manager 245


FSRM Features Deployment 246


Configuring General FSRM Options 247


Classification Management 248


File Management Tasks 249


Quota Management 250


Templates for Monitoring Disk Usage 251


File Screening Management 251


Work Folders 252


The Bottom Line 257


Chapter 7 Windows Server Containers 259


Containers Overview 259


Container Limitations 261


Container Terminology 261


Hyper-V Containers 262


Creating and Maintaining Containers 263


Hardware and Software Requirements 263


Installing Docker 264


Retrieving Container Images from Docker Hub 266


Creating and Running a Container 267


Manually Customizing an Image 270


Automating Image Creation 271


Managing Container Images 274


Configuring Containers 275


Storage 275


Networking 276


Resource Constraints 279


Authentication to AD 280


Application Development and Deployment 281


The Bottom Line 282


Chapter 8 Security Mechanisms 285


Security Overview 285


Where to Begin? 285


What Are the Risks? 286


Thinking Like an Attacker 287


Ethical Hacking 288


Protecting Accounts 288


Privileged Access 289


Securing User Accounts 292


Configuring Account Policy Settings 293


Protected Users, Authentication Policies, and Authentication Policy Silos 294


Delegating Privileges 295


Credential Guard 296


Protecting Data at Rest 297


Encrypting File System 297


BitLocker 298


Protecting Data in Transit 300


Windows Firewall with Advanced Security 300


IPsec 304


Protecting Administrative Access 312


Privileged Access Workstations 312


Local Administrator 313


Just Enough Administration 315


Role-Capability Files 316


Session-Configuration Files 317


Protecting Active Directory Infrastructure 318


Enhanced Security Administrative Environment 318


Privileged Access Management 319


Malware Protection 322


Software Restriction Policies 323


AppLocker 323


Device Guard 324


Hardening Operating Systems Security with Additional Microsoft Products 327


Advanced Threat Analytics 327


Evidence of the Attack 328


Auditing 329


The Bottom Line 336


Chapter 9 Active Directory Domain Services 339


Overview of Features 339


What Changed in AD DS for Windows Server 2016 339


Features from Windows Server 2012 R2 340


Features from Windows Server 2012 340


Revisiting Privileged Access Management 340


Design Considerations 342


Forests and Domains 342


Active Directory Trusts 344


Active Directory Sites 345


Active Directory Replication 348


Flexible Single Master Operation Roles 350


Designing the Organizational Unit Structure 351


Domain Controllers 353


Computer, User, and Group Management 363


Computer Management 363


User Management 366


Group Management 370


Group Policy 373


Group Policy Inheritance and Enforcement 374


Group Policy Day-to-Day Tasks 376


The Bottom Line 383


Chapter 10 Active Directory Certificate Services 385


What's New in AD CS Windows Server 2016 385


Windows Server 2012 R2 386


Windows Server 2012 386


Introduction to a Public Key Infrastructure and AD CS 387


Planning and Design Considerations 389


Implementing a Two-Tier Hierarchy 393


Working with Certificate Templates 406


Auto-Enrollment 417


The Bottom Line 419


Chapter 11 Active Directory Federation Services 423


Overview of AD FS 423


AD FS Terminology 425


How AD FS Works 426


Planning and Design Considerations 429


Where Should You Place the AD FS Components? 429


Should You Use SQL Server for the AD FS Database? 431


What Are Your Certificate Options for Your AD FS Environment? 432


Should You Use a Group-Managed Service


Account for Your AD FS Environment? 432


Deploying an AD FS Environment 433


Installing the AD FS Server Role 433


Configuring Internal DNS Name Resolution 439


Configuring a Sample Federated Application 441


Configuring an AD FS Relying Party 445


Testing Application Access from an Internal Client 445


Installing Web Application Proxy Server Role Service 447


Publishing the Sample Federated Application 450


Testing Application Access from an External Client 452


The Bottom Line 454


Chapter 12 Management with System Center 457


Overview of System Center 2016 457


Understanding the Upgrade Sequence 457


Understanding the Install Sequence 459


Installing an Instance in a Cluster 461


Using System Center Virtual Machine Manager 465


Installing and Configuring VMM 466


Managing the VMM Compute Fabric 470


Managing the VMM Library 470


Managing the VMM Host Groups 470


Managing Hyper-V Hosts and Clusters 470


Managing VMware Servers 470


Managing Infrastructure Servers 470


Managing the VMM Networking Fabric 472


Creating a Logical Network 473


Creating a VM Network 475


Managing the Storage Fabric 476


Creating Virtual Machines 478


Managing Windows Server 2016 with System Center Operations Manager 482


The Operations Manager Infrastructure 482


Installing the Prerequisites 484


Managing Windows Server 2016 with System Center Configuration Manager 499


Three Branches 499


What You Should Know About Site Server Differences 501


ConfigMgr Prerequisites 503


Installing a Primary Site Server 505


Configuring System Center Configuration Manager 517


Boundaries and Boundary Groups 526


Installing Clients 530


Using Client Settings 532


Using Collections 535


The Bottom Line 539


Chapter 13 Management with OMS 541


What Is Operations Management Suite? 541


A Brief History 542


OMS Services 542


OMS Pricing 543


SLA Details 543


System Requirements 544


Log Analytics 546


Performance Queries 552


Event Queries 554


The Bottom Line 555


Index 559
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About Brian Svidergol

Brian Svidergol holds many industry certifications and builds Microsoft infrastructure and cloud solutions with Exchange Server, Active Directory, Microsoft Azure, Office 365, and related technologies. Vladimir Meloski is an MVP on Office Servers and Services, MCT and consultant, providing unified communications and infrastructure solutions based on Microsoft Exchange Server, Skype for Business, Office 365, and Windows Server. Byron Wright, owner of BTW Technology Solutions, has been a consultant, author, and instructor for 20 years, specializing in Windows Server, Active Directory, Office 365, and Exchange Server. Santos Martinez is a Microsoft Premier Field Engineer who has worked with SCCM since it was known as SMS. Doug Bassett is a Windows legend who, starting with the launch of Windows 3.0, has taught tens of thousands of IT pros how to efficiently setup, optimize, and troubleshoot Windows environments.
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