Mary and Early Christian Women
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Mary and Early Christian Women : Hidden Leadership

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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC-ND license.



This book reveals exciting early Christian evidence that Mary was remembered as a powerful role model for women leaders-women apostles, baptizers, and presiders at the ritual meal. Early Christian art portrays Mary and other women clergy serving as deacon, presbyter/priest, and bishop. In addition, the two oldest surviving artifacts to depict people at an altar table inside a real church depict women and men in a gender-parallel liturgy inside two of the most important churches in Christendom-Old Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome and the second Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. Dr. Kateusz's research brings to light centuries of censorship, both ancient and modern, and debunks the modern imagination that from the beginning only men were apostles and clergy.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 295 pages
  • 148 x 210 x 25.4mm | 663g
  • Cham, Switzerland
  • English
  • 1st ed. 2019
  • 67 Tables, color; 41 Illustrations, color; 20 Illustrations, black and white; XVII, 295 p. 61 illus., 41 illus. in color.
  • 3030111105
  • 9783030111106
  • 4,870

Back cover copy

This book is open access under a CC BY-NC-ND license.




This book reveals exciting early Christian evidence that Mary was remembered as a powerful role model for women leaders--women apostles, baptizers, and presiders at the ritual meal. Early Christian art portrays Mary and other women clergy serving as deacon, presbyter/priest, and bishop. In addition, the two oldest surviving artifacts to depict people at an altar table inside a real church depict women and men in a gender-parallel liturgy inside two of the most important churches in Christendom--Old Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome and the second Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. Dr. Kateusz's research brings to light centuries of censorship, both ancient and modern, and debunks the modern imagination that from the beginning only men were apostles and clergy.
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Table of contents

1. Background and Perspective on Mary



Why the Mother of Jesus?



Mary, a Jew



Mary Remembered in the Extracanonical Gospels



Methodology



The Power of Bio-Power



Breaking the Box of Our False Imagination of the Past







2. More Collyridian Deja vu



The Old Rule of Thumb: lectio brevior potior



Redaction Analysis of Mary's Religious Authority



A Scene of Mary Exorcising Demons



Women Using Censers and Incense



Kernels of Historicity: Women Using Censers Liturgically



Redaction Analysis of the Markers of Women's Authority







3. Women Apostles: Preachers and Baptizers



Assembling a Jigsaw Puzzle-The Apostle Mariamne in the Acts of Philip



Sexual Slander as Evidence of Women in the Clergy



Irene, Apostle of Jesus



The Long Narrative about Irene's Life



Male Re-Baptizers and the Apostle Nino



Irene Baptizes and Seals



The "Apostle" Thecla Baptizes and Seals



Dating Controversy: When Was the Life of Thecla Composed?



The Thecla Tertullian Knew



Cultural Context







4. Mary, High Priest and Bishop



Jesus's Mother Versus 1 Timothy



Mary in Art: High Priest and Bishop



Mary with the Episcopal Pallium



Mary with the Cloth of the Eucharistic Officiant



Women with the Cloth of the Eucharistic Officiant







5. Mother and Son, Paired



Mother and Son Paired on Objects Used in the Liturgy



Dividing the Mother-Son Dyad: The Maria Maggiore Mosaics



The Mother-Son Dyad in Art Prior to the Council of Ephesus



Mother and Son Paired in Third- and Fourth-Century Funereal Art







6. The Life of the Virgin and Its Antecedents



The Oldest Text of the Life of the Virgin



The Annunciation to Mary in the Temple



Mary at the Baptism of Her Son



The Women at the Lord's Supper



Partaking at the Temple Altar in the Gospel of Bartholomew



Gender Parallelism in the Liturgy in the Didascalia apostolorum



The Ritual of Body and Blood according to the Apostolic Church Order







7. Women and Men at the Last Supper: Reception



Female and Male Co-Officiants from the Second Century Onwards



Writings that Paired Male and Female Clerical Titles



Women Overseers or Bishops



Cerula and Bitalia, Ordained Bishops



Historicity of Pulcheria inside the Holy of Holies of the Second Hagia Sophia



Female and Male Clergy at the Altar in Old Saint Peter's Basilica



The Ciborium in Old Saint Peter's Basilica



The Altar in Old Saint Peter's Basilica



Possible Identification of the Male and Female Officiants at the Altar Table



Theodora and Justinian in San Vitale: Modeling Mary and Jesus at the Last Supper



Third-Century Evidence of Gender Parity at the Offering Table







8. Modes of Silencing



Modes of Silencing the Past



Breaking the Box of Our False Imagination of the Past
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About Ally Kateusz

Dr. Ally Kateusz is Research Associate at the Wijngaards Institute of Catholic Research in London. She is a cultural historian whose work focuses on religion and gender. Her research has been published in the Journal of Early Christian Studies, the Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, as well as other venues, and has won prestigious awards.
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