Manual on Ship Sanitation and First-Aid for Merchant Seamen

Manual on Ship Sanitation and First-Aid for Merchant Seamen

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1922 edition. Excerpt: ...The vomited matter may contain blood, and then looks like coffee grounds. The patient complains of severe abdominal pains or cramps. The stools may be black and tarry. The urine is very scant. It is said that where black vomit sets in early, the disease is nearly always fatal. Treatment.--If illness which is believed to be yellow fever appears after having visited a yellow fever port, the patient should be immediately isolated in a well screened, clean room and should be supplied with an attendant or nurse who has had the disease, if possible. A cathartic should be given early in the disease, preferably three to five grains of calomel, which should be followed by salts. For the vomiting, small pieces of ice in the patient's mouth and sips of cold fluids will aid materially. The bowels should be kept open, if necessary, by means of rectal injections of soapy water. For the high fever and restlessness, give five to ten grains of aspirin. The most important factors in the treatment of yellow fever are careful nursing, general care, and the diet. The diet should consist only of fluids of the thinnest and most easily digested character. The chief problem is the destruction of mosquitoes in order that the disease may not be carried from one member of the crew to another. All collections of water, barrels, buckets, etc., should be protected by netting or should be oiled to kill wigglers and the ship should be taken to quarantine as soon as possible, in order that thorough fumigation may be carried out for the destruction of mosquitoes. Smallpox Smallpox is an infectious disease characterized by fever and a typical eruption on the body. This disease spreads rapidly among persons not protected by vaccination, and is carried, so far as more

Product details

  • Paperback | 42 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 95g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236918282
  • 9781236918284