Managed Ecosystems

Managed Ecosystems : The Mesoamerican Experience

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Description

As human activities in the New World Tropics (Neotropics) increase in intensity and extent, so do the interactions between natural and human-dominated ecosystems. The essays in this book compare the sociocultural and biophysical aspects of managing the resource base in these regions. It describes the potential benefits - and liabilities - of the major food, fuel and fibre production systems, each one examined in terms of its potential impact upon resource preservation and utilization. The book is a departure from traditional treatments of agricultural sustainability or natural resources development in that it addresses the specific systems prevalent in the Neotropics, focusing on the flow between agricultural and natural ecosystems. This book is intended for biological, social, and agricultural scientists concerned with sustainability.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 336 pages
  • 177.8 x 256.54 x 20.32mm | 793.78g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 28 line drawings, bibliography
  • 0195102606
  • 9780195102604

Table of contents

Part I Vernon W. Ruttan, institutional constraints on agricultural sustainability; William Ascher, the logic of community resource management in Latin America; John C. Mayne, agroforestry in Guatemala; Dianne Rocheleau, sustaining what for whom? - differences of interest within and between households. Part II: Mario Boza, biodiversity conservation situation in Mesoamerica; Gilbert Vargas Ulate, protecting natural resources in a developing nation - the case of Costa Rica; C. Ronald Carroll and Deborah Kane, landscape ecology of transformed neotropical environments; John C. Mayne, neo-tropical forests - status and prediction; Gilbert Vargas, the geography of dryland plant formations in Central America; Alexis V'asquez-Morera, soils of Mesoamerica; Catherine M. Pringle and Frederick H. Scatena, aquatic ecosystem deterioration; Catherine M. Pringle and Frederick H. Scatena, freshwater resource development - case studies from Puerto Rico and Costa Rica; Carlos L. de la Rosa, conservation and sustainable use of streams and rivers in Central America. Part III: H.L. Popenoe and M.E. Swisher, traditional farming systems - panaceae or problem?; M. Rosemeyer, K. Schlather, and J. Kettler, Frijol Tapado system - maintaining sustainability of a traditional bean agroforestry system while increasing productivity to meet present needs; Raul A. Moreno, food crop production systems in Central America; Gabriela Soto Mu~noz, organic farming in Central America; Werner Hagnauer, la Pacifica, 40 years of farm ecology; Carlos C. Jin'enez-Crespo, the sustainability of milk production in Mesoamerica; Lawrence T. Szott, globalization, population growth, and agroforestry in Mesoamerica - perspectives for the 21st Century; John C. Mayne, biologically sustainable agroecosystems - using principles of ecology; Richard F. Fisher - forest plantations in the tropics; Susan C. Stonich, John R. Bort, and Luis L. Ovares, challenges to sustainability - the Central American shrimp mariculture industry; David Teichert-Coddington - shrimp farming in Southern Honduras - a case for sustainable production; Denise Stanley, understanding conflict in lowland forest zone - mangrove access and deforestation debates in southern Honduras; U. Hatch and M.E. Swisher - conclusion.show more