The Malay Peninsula; Historical and Geographical

The Malay Peninsula; Historical and Geographical

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1906 edition. Excerpt: ...Patani, Kelantan, Trengganu and Pahang were all at one time more or less subject to Malacca. In 1511, attracted by its prosperity, the Portuguese under Albuquerque attacked and captured Malacca. The Malay Raja with his subjects thereupon fled towards the south and founded the Kingdom of Johore, which included Singapore, their original home. Malacca remained in the hands of the Portuguese till 1641, when it was taken from them by the Dutch aided by the Achinese. In 1795 the Dutch in their turn were dispossessed by the British. When Penang was made a separate Presidency in 1805, it had been intended to transfer to that island the trade'and population of Malacca, and finally to abandon Malacca altogether. Free passage was offered to all those who would leave for Penang, and in 1807 the Company destroyed the Fort of Malacca. But the ofifer was rejected by all, and in no way could the Malay population be induced to leave their home. In 1818, by the Treaty of Vienna, Malacca was restored to the Dutch, but was given back finally to the British by the Treaty of Holland, March, 1824. In 1825 it was placed under the Bengal Presidency, and in 1826 incorporated with Penang and Singapore under the one government of the Straits Settlements. The Settlement is, now administered by a Resident Councillor. Malacca is interesting as being one of the oldest European possessions in the East. Its career, unlike those of the sister settlements, has been a succession of occupations by Portuguese, Dutch and British. When Albuquerque took possession of it, it was the great trade depot of the Malay Peninsula and Eastern islands, collecting what is now shared by Singapore and Penang. Now it is rich only in its history of the past. Penang's early prosperity was more

Product details

  • Paperback | 28 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 68g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236506820
  • 9781236506825