The Making Of Social Movements In Latin America : Identity, Strategy, And Democracy
During the last decade, Latin American social movements have brought about a profound transformation in the nature and practice of protest and collective action. This book surveys the full spectrum of movements in Latin America today-from peasant and squatter movements to women's and gay movements, as well as environmental and civic movements - examining how this diverse mosaic of emergent social actors has prompted social scientists to rethink the dynamics of Latin American social and political change.Whereas the prevailing theories of social movements have largely drawn on Western cases, this volume includes the work of prominent Latin American scholars and incorporates analytical perspectives originating in the region. Contributors discuss the three dimensions of change most commonly attributed to Latin American social movements in the 1980s: their role in forging collective identities; their innovative social practices and political strategies; and their actual or potential contributions to alternative visions of development and to the democratization of political institutions and social relations.This interdisciplinary text provides both specialists and students of social movements with a unique, comprehensive, and accessible collection of essays that is unprecedented in theoretical and empirical scope. It will be useful in a wide range of graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in Latin American studies, comparative politics, sociology and anthropology, development studies, political economy, and contemporary political and cultural theory.
- Hardback | 383 pages
- 152 x 229 x 31.75mm
- 18 Aug 1992
- Taylor & Francis Inc
- Westview Press Inc
- United States
Table of contents
Introduction - theory and protest in Latin America today, Arturo Escobar and Sonia E. Alvarez. Part 1 Conceptualizing social movements in contemporary Latin America: social movements - actors, theories, expectations, Fernando Calderon et al; Marxism, feminism and the struggle for democracy in Central America, Norma Chinchilla; the study of new social movements in Latin America and the question of autonomy, Judith Adler Hellman; culture, economics and politics in Latin American social movements theory and research, A. Escobar. Part 2 The making of collective identities: peasant protest, new social movements, and Rondas Campesinas in the Peruvian countryside, Orin Starn; from resistance to social movement - the case of the indigenous authorities movement of Colombia, Maria Teresa Findji; power, gender and development - popular women's organizations and the politics of needs in Ecuador, Amy Lind; the Venezuelan ecology movement - symbolic effectiveness, social practice, and political strategies, Maria Pilar Garcia; rethinking the study of social movements - the case of Christian based communities in urban Brazil, John Burdick; homosexual identities in transitional Brazilian politics, Edward McRae. Part 3 Articulating strategies and democratizing democracy: feminism in Latin America - from Bogota to San Bernardo, Nancy Saporta Sternbach et al; the evolution of urban popular movements in Mexico between 1968 and 1988, Vivienne Bennett; radical opposition parties and squatters' movements in Pinochet's Chile, Cathy Schneider; urban social movements, the state and the political system of Uruguay, Eduardo Canel; popular movements in the context of the consolidation of democracy in Brazil, Ruth Correa Leite Cardoso; social movements and political power in Latin America, Orlando Fals Borda; conclusion - social movements in contemporary Latin America - theoretical and political horizons of change, S.E. Alvarez and A. Escobar.
About Arturo Escobar
Arturo Escobar is assistant professor of anthropology at Smith College. Sonia E. Alvarez is associate professor of politics at the University of California at Santa Cruz. Arturo Escobar is assistant professor of anthropology at Smith College. Sonia E. Alvarez is associate professor of politics at the University of California at Santa Cruz.