The Magnetic Field of the Earth

The Magnetic Field of the Earth : Paleomagnetism, the Core and the Deep Mantle

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Description

Topics involved in studies of the Earth's magnetic field and its secular variation range from the intricate observations of geomagnetism, to worldwide studies of archeomagnetism and paleomagnetism, through to the complex mathematics of dynamo theory. Traditionally these different aspects of geomagnetism have in the main been studied and presented in isolation from each other. This text draws together these lines of inquiry into an integrated framework to highlight the interrelationships and thus to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the geomagnetic field. The text is organizd so that paleomagnetists and dynamo theoreticians may both benefit from the results and arguments presented by the other. A particular example is the presentation of paleomagnetic results to illuminate the observational constraints on geodynamo theory. Conversely, dynamo theory is explained in such a way that paleomagnetists may utilize it to present their data more effectively. Other important features of the book include a discussion of planetary magnetic fields and their implications for dynamo theory and the most recent set of magnetic charts.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 564 pages
  • 166.9 x 231.9 x 28.2mm | 716.68g
  • Academic Press Inc
  • San Diego, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 2nd Revised edition
  • 200 diagrams, references, index
  • 0124912451
  • 9780124912458

Table of contents

History of geomagnetism and paleomagnetism - discovery of the main magnetic elements, fossil magnetism and the magnetic field in the past, investigations of the external magnetic field, origin of the earth's magnetic field; the present geomagnetic field - analysis and description from historical observations - magnetic elements and charts, spherical har-monic description of the earths's magnetic field, uniqueness and other mathematical problems, geomagnetic secular variation, the external magnetic field; foundations of paleo-magnetism - rock magnetism, magnetic mineralogy, paleo-magnetic directions and poles, paleointensity methods, age determinations; the recent geomagnetic field - paleomagnetic observations - archeomagnetic results, analysis of recent lake sediments, geomagnetic excursions, the geomagnetic power spectrum; reversals of the earth's magnetic field - evidence for field reversal, marine magnetic anomalies, analysis of reversal sequences, polarity transitions; the time-averaged paleomagnetic field - geocentric axial dipole hypothesis, second-order terms, variation in the earth's dipole moment, paleosecular variation from Lavas (PSVL); processes and pro-perties of the earth's deep interior - basic principles - seismic properties of the earth's interior, chemical and physical properties, thermodynamic properties of the earth's deep interior, thermal history models, non-dynamo models for the earth's magnetic field, fluid mechanics fundamentals, energy sources; introduction to dynamo theory - the dynamo problem, the magnetic induction equation, the a and v effects of dynamo theory, waves in dynamo theory, symmetries in dynamo theory, theories for geomagnetic secular variations and magnetic field reversals; dynamo theory - vector spherical harmonics, kinematic dynamos, Cowling's theorem and other constraints, turbulence in the core, dynamo waves, dynamics of the geodynamo; the magnetic fields of the sun, moon, and planets - origin of the solar system, the sun, the moon, meteorites, magnetic fields of the planets, geomagnetic relevance; examples of synthesis - fluid velocities in the core, core-mantle coupling - length of day, paleomagnetism and dynamo theory, variations at the core-mantle boundary and the earth's surface.
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