Luso-Tropicalism and its Discontents

Luso-Tropicalism and its Discontents : The Making and Unmaking of Racial Exceptionalism

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Description

Modern perceptions of race across much of the Global South are indebted to the Brazilian social scientist Gilberto Freyre, who in works such as The Masters and the Slaves claimed that Portuguese colonialism produced exceptionally benign and tolerant race relations. This volume radically reinterprets Freyre's Luso-tropicalist arguments and critically engages with the historical complexity of racial concepts and practices in the Portuguese-speaking world. Encompassing Brazil as well as Portuguese-speaking societies in Africa, Asia, and even Portugal itself, it places an interdisciplinary group of scholars in conversation to challenge the conventional understanding of twentieth-century racialization, proffering new insights into such controversial topics as human plasticity, racial amalgamation, and the tropes and proxies of whiteness.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 346 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 22.86mm | 566.99g
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 1789201136
  • 9781789201130
  • 1,131,557

Table of contents

List of Illustrations
Acknowledgments

Introduction: Luso-tropicalism and Its Discontents
Warwick Anderson, Ricardo Roque and Ricardo Ventura Santos

PART I: PICTURING AND READING FREYRE

Chapter 1. Gilberto Freyre's view of miscegenation and its circulation in the Portuguese Empire (1930s-1960s)
Claudia Castelo

Chapter 2. Gilberto Freyre: Racial Populism and Ethnic Nationalism
Jerry Davila

Chapter 3. Anthropology and Pan-Africanism at the Margins of the Portuguese Empire: Trajectories of Kamba Simango
Lorenzo Macagno

PART II: IMAGINING A MIXED-RACE NATION

Chapter 4. Eugenics, Genetics and Anthropology in Brazil: The Masters and the Slaves, Racial Miscegenation and its Discontents
Robert Wegner and Vanderlei Sebastiao de Souza

Chapter 5. Gilberto Freyre and the UNESCO Research Project on Race Relations in Brazil
Marcos Chor Maio

Chapter 6. An Immense Mosaic: Race-Mixing and the Creation of the Genetic Nation in 1960s Brazil
Rosanna Dent and Ricardo Ventura Santos

PART III: THE COLONIAL SCIENCES OF RACE

Chapter 7. The Racial Science of Patriotic Primitives: Mendes Correia in 'Portuguese Timor'
Ricardo Roque

Chapter 8. Re-Assessing Portuguese Exceptionalism: Racial Concepts and Colonial Policies toward the Bushmen in Southern Angola, 1880s-1970s
Samuel Coghe

Chapter 9. "Anthropo-Biology", Racial Miscegenation and Body Normality: Comparing Bio-Typological Studies in Brazil and Portugal, 1930-1940
Ana Carolina Vimieiro Gomes

PART IV: PORTUGUESENESS IN THE TROPICS

Chapter 10. Luso-Tropicalism Debunked, Again: Race, Racism, and Racialism in Three Portuguese-Speaking Societies
Cristiana Bastos

Chapter 11. Being (Goan) Modern in Zanzibar: Mobility, Relationality and the Stitching of Race
Pamila Gupta

Afterword I
Nelia Dias

Afterword II
Peter Wade
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Review quote

"A valuable and wide-ranging addition to the literature on Luso-tropicalism, this book will appeal to a variety of readers and make a considerable impact on the field." Maria Lucia G. Pallares-Burke, Emmanuel College
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About Warwick Anderson

Warwick Anderson is the Janet Dora Hine Professor of Politics, Governance and Ethics in the Department of History and the Charles Perkins Centre at the University of Sydney. He is the author of The Cultivation of Whiteness (2002), Colonial Pathologies (2006), The Collectors of Lost Souls (2008), and with Ian R. Mackay, Intolerant Bodies (2014).Ricardo Roque is a Research Fellow at the Institute of Social Sciences of the University of Lisbon and currently an Honorary Associate in the Department of History of the University of Sydney. He is the author of Headhunting and Colonialism (2010) and the co-editor of Engaging Colonial Knowledge (2012).Ricardo Ventura Santos is a Senior Researcher at Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz and Professor at the Department of Anthropology of the National Museum, in Rio de Janeiro. He is the author of The Xavante in Transition (2002) and co-editor of Racial Identities, Genetic Ancestry, and Health in South America (2011) and Mestizo Genomics (2014).
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