Logical Studies of Paraconsistent Reasoning in Science and Mathematics

Logical Studies of Paraconsistent Reasoning in Science and Mathematics

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Description

This book covers work written by leading scholars from different schools within the research area of paraconsistency. The authors critically investigate how contemporary paraconsistent logics can be used to better understand human reasoning in science and mathematics. Offering a variety of perspectives, they shed a new light on the question of whether paraconsistent logics can function as the underlying logics of inconsistent but useful scientific and mathematical theories. The great variety of paraconsistent logics gives rise to various, interrelated questions, such as what are the desiderata a paraconsistent logic should satisfy, is there prospect of a universal approach to paraconsistent reasoning with axiomatic theories, and to what extent is reasoning about sets structurally analogous to reasoning about truth. Furthermore, the authors consider paraconsistent logic's status as either a normative or descriptive discipline (or one which falls in between) and which inconsistent but non-trivial axiomatic theories are well understood by which types of paraconsistent approaches. This volume addresses such questions from different perspectives in order to (i) obtain a representative overview of the state of the art in the philosophical debate on paraconsistency, (ii) come up with fresh ideas for the future of paraconsistency, and most importantly (iii) provide paraconsistent logic with a stronger philosophical foundation, taking into account the developments within the different schools of paraconsistency.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 221 pages
  • 155 x 235 x 12.19mm | 355g
  • Cham, Switzerland
  • English
  • Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2016
  • 5 Illustrations, black and white; VI, 221 p. 5 illus.
  • 3319820567
  • 9783319820569

Back cover copy

This book covers work written by leading scholars from different schools within the research area of paraconsistency. The authors critically investigate how contemporary paraconsistent logics can be used to better understand human reasoning in science and mathematics. Offering a variety of perspectives, they shed a new light on the question of whether paraconsistent logics can function as the underlying logics of inconsistent but useful scientific and mathematical theories. The great variety of paraconsistent logics gives rise to various, interrelated questions, such as what are the desiderata a paraconsistent logic should satisfy, is there prospect of a universal approach to paraconsistent reasoning with axiomatic theories, and to what extent is reasoning about sets structurally analogous to reasoning about truth. Furthermore, the authors consider paraconsistent logic's status as either a normative or descriptive discipline (or one which falls in between) and which inconsistent but non-trivial axiomatic theories are well understood by which types of paraconsistent approaches. This volume addresses such questions from different perspectives in order to (i) obtain a representative overview of the state of the art in the philosophical debate on paraconsistency, (ii) come up with fresh ideas for the future of paraconsistency, and most importantly (iii) provide paraconsistent logic with a stronger philosophical foundation, taking into account the developments within the different schools of paraconsistency.
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Table of contents

Chapter 1. Inconsistent Thinking, Fast and Slow; Francesco Berto.- Chapter 2. Recursive functions for paraconsistent reasoners; Zach Weber.- Chapter 3. Instantaneous Contradiction in Motion and Perception: Modeling the Phenomenal Present with a Dialetheic Logic of Time; Corry Shores.- Chapter 4. Saving Proof from Paradox: Against the Inconsistency of Informal Mathematics; Fenner Tanswell.-Chapter 5. Revenge for Berto's Law of Non-Contradiction; Diego Tajer.- Chapter 6. On Coherence and Inconsistency; Martin Pleitz.- Chapter 7. On the Preservation of Reliability; Bryson Brown.- Chapter 8. Inconsistency Handling in the Sciences: Where and How do we Need Paraconsistency?; Joke Meheus.- Chapter 9. Revision-Theoretic Truth and Degrees of Paradoxicality; Cian Chartier.- Chapter 10. Inconsistent Scientific Theories: A Framework; Otavio Bueno.- Chapter 11. Prospects for triviality; Luis Estrada Gonzales.- Chapter 12. On the interpretation of classical mathematics in naive set theory; Morgan Thomas.- Chapter 13. Doing Mathematics Paraconsistently. A manifesto.; Maarten McKubre-Jordens.- Chapter 14. Why designate gluts?; Andreas Kapsner.- Chapter 15. On the methodology of paraconsistent logic; Heinrich Wansing and Sergei Odintsov.- Chapter 16. Dynamic proofs for networks of partial structures; Holger Andres and Peter Verdee.
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Review Text

"Staging Trauma: Bodies in Shadow effectively interrogates the silencing or 'shadowing' of female experiences of trauma and abuse within public discourse and highlights the potentiality of the performance event in bringing marginalised bodies into light. ... This book offers a valuable provocation for students and scholars within the field of theatre and performance and provides a thorough introduction to contemporary trauma discourse." (Karoline Moen, Studies in Theatre and Performance, December, 2018)
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Review quote

"Staging Trauma: Bodies in Shadow effectively interrogates the silencing or 'shadowing' of female experiences of trauma and abuse within public discourse and highlights the potentiality of the performance event in bringing marginalised bodies into light. ... This book offers a valuable provocation for students and scholars within the field of theatre and performance and provides a thorough introduction to contemporary trauma discourse." (Karoline Moen, Studies in Theatre and Performance, December, 2018)
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About Holger Andreas

Holger Andreas works as Assistant Professor at the University of British Columbia, Okanagan Campus. Before that, he held non-tenure track Assistant Professorships at LMU Munich (Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy) and the University of Bonn. His research focuses on the logical analysis of scientific reasoning and scientific theories. His recent work addresses interrelations between non-monotonic reasoning, belief changes, and paraconsistent reasoning. Peter Verdee is assistant professor at the Universite catholique de Louvain. He obtained his PhD in Philosophy at Ghent University under the supervision of Diderik Batens with a dissertation on Adaptive Logic. His research focuses on non-monotonic, paraconsistent, and relevant logics, with particular interest in inconsistent mathematics and the formalization of implications and conditionals in natural language.
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