Local Consumption and Global Environmental Impacts

Local Consumption and Global Environmental Impacts : Accounting, Trade-Offs and Sustainability

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Globalization increases the interconnectedness of people and places around the world. Goods and services consumed in one country are often produced in other countries and exchanged via international trade. This book describes how local consumption, particularly in urban areas, is increasingly met by global supply chains, often involving large geographical distances and leading to more global environmental impacts, such as pollution, climate change, water scarcity, and deforestation and other land conversions, all impacting on important ecosystem services. It is shown how inequalities in consumption become translated into environmental terms: thus people in rich countries maintain higher incomes and more resource-intensive lifestyles, while people in poorer countries are often bearing the environmental consequences. To account for these impacts of consumption and distribution of wealth a global supply and value chain analysis is needed. The authors provide an overview of key methods, including Multi-Regional Input-Output analysis and Life Cycle Assessment.
Subsequent chapters connect local consumption to the global consequences of different environmental issues, such as water and land use and stress, greenhouse gases emissions, and other air pollution. Each issue is assessed in a separate chapter, including case studies from China, US and UK, as well as one chapter that assesses trade-offs among different environmental impacts driven by consumption.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 224 pages
  • 156 x 234mm
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 30 black & white illustrations
  • 1138826057
  • 9781138826052

Table of contents

1. Linking Local Consumption to Global Production and Environmental Impacts 2. Methodological Approaches to Impact Assessment 3. Consumption-based Accounting of CO2 Emissions across the Globe 4. Consumption-based Accounting of CO2 Emissions for the US 5. Local Consumption and National and Global CO2 Emissions: Case Study of Chinese Megacities 6. Local Consumption and Global Air Pollution 7. Linking Local Consumption to Global Land Use 8. Global Water Footprint of Nations: A Case Study of the UK 9. Trade-offs and Synergies of Different Environmental Impacts
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About Klaus Hubacek

Kuishuang Feng is Research Assistant Professor in the Department of Geographical Sciences at the University of Maryland, USA. He is an expert in spatial economic modelling and environmental issues. He has extensive experience in developing regional, national and global economic models with extension of environmental parameters. He published extensively on consumption based CO2 emissions, water use and land use at local, national and global scales. Klaus Hubacek is a Professor in the Department of Geographical Sciences at the University of Maryland, USA, and an expert in the modelling and analysis of socio-ecological systems. He has extensive experience in coupled natural-human systems research, leading large research programs funded by the government and research agencies in Austria, the UK, Germany, Japan, the USA and China, and internationally for the UNESCO, IUCN, World Bank, and EUROSTAT.
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