Literature and the Writing Process

Literature and the Writing Process

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For Composition Through Literature and Introduction to Literature courses.Blending a complete writing about literature text, a literature anthology, and a handbook into one, this unique text guides students through the allied processes of critical reading and writing-illustrating the use of writing as a way of studying literature, and providing students with all the tools necessary to analyze literature on their own. The text promotes interactive learning by integrating writing instruction with the study of more

Product details

  • Mixed media product | 1179 pages
  • 150.4 x 246.4 x 37.8mm | 993.37g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Longman Inc
  • New Jersey, United States
  • English
  • 6th edition
  • 0130669067
  • 9780130669063

Table of contents

I. COMPOSING: AN OVERVIEW. 1. The Prewriting Process. Reading for Writing. Who Are My Readers? Why Am I Writing? What Ideas Should I Use? What Point Should I Make? How Do I Find the Theme?2. The Writing Process. How Should I Organize My Ideas? The Basic Approach: Devising a Plan. How Do I Argue an Interpretation? Developing with Details. Maintaining a Critical Focus. How Should I Begin? How Should I End? Composing the First Draft. Sample Student Paper: First Draft. Suggestions for Writing. Ideas for Writing.3. The Rewriting Process. What Is Revision? Getting Feedback: Peer Review. What Should I Add or Take Out? What Should I Rearrange? Does It Flow? What Is Editing? What Sentences Should I Combine? Rearranging for Emphasis and Variety. Which Words Should I Change? What is Proofreading? Sample Student Paper: Final Draft.II. WRITING ABOUT SHORT FICTION. 4. How Do I Read Short Fiction? Notice the Structure. Consider Point of View and Setting. Study the Characters. Look for Specialized Literary Techniques. Examine the Title. Continue Questioning to Discover Theme.5. Writing about Structure. What Is Structure? How Do I Discover Structure? Looking at Structure. Prewriting. Writing. Ideas for Writing. Rewriting.6. Writing about Imagery and Symbolism. What Are Images? What Are Symbols? How Will I Recognize Symbols? Looking at Images and Symbols. Prewriting. Writing. Ideas for Writing. Rewriting. Sample Student Paper.7. Writing about Point of View. What Is Point of View? Looking at Point of View. Prewriting. Writing. Ideas for Writing. Rewriting.8. Writing about Setting and Atmosphere. What Are Setting and Atmosphere? Looking at Setting and Atmosphere. Prewriting. Writing. Ideas for Writing. Rewriting: Organization and Style.9. Writing about Theme. What Is Theme? Looking at Theme. Prewriting. Writing. Ideas for Writing. Rewriting. Editing: Improving Connections.A Casebook on Joyce Carol Oates's "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" Joyce Carol Oates (1938- ). The Story's Origins. Three Critical Interpretations.ANTHOLOGY OF SHORT FICTION. Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864), Young Goodman Brown. Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849), The Cask of Amontillado. Kate Chopin (1851-1904), Deesireee's Baby. The Story of An Hour. Mary E. Wilkins Freeman (1852-1930), The Revolt of "Mother." Edith Wharton (1862-1937), Roman Fever. Willa Cather (1873-1947), Paul's Case. Sherwood Anderson (1876-1941), Hands. James Joyce (1882-1941), Eveline (in Chapter 1). Araby. Ring Lardner (1885-1933), Haircut (in Chapter 7). D. H. Lawrence (1885-1930), The Rocking-Horse Winner. Katherine Anne Porter (1890-1980), The Jilting of Granny Weatherall. William Faulkner (1897-1962), A Rose for Emily. Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961), Hills Like White Elephants. Zora Neale Hurston (c. 1901-1960), The Gilded Six-Bits. John Steinbeck (1902-1968), The Chrysanthemums. Frank O'Connor (1903-1966), My Oedipus Complex. Richard Wright (1908-1960), The Man Who Was Almost a Man. Ann Petry (1908-1997) Like a Winding Sheet. Eudora Welty (1909- ), A Worn Path. John Cheever (1912-1982), The Swimmer. Tillie Olsen (1913- ), I Stand Here Ironing. Shirley Jackson (1919-1965), The Lottery (in Chapter 6). Hisaye Yamamoto (1921- ), Seventeen Syllables. Flannery O'Connor (1925-1964), Good Country People (in Chapter 9). A Good Man Is Hard to Find. Chinua Achebe (1930- ), Dead Men's Path. John Updike (1932- ), A & P. Bessie Head (1937-1986), Life. Raymond Carver (1938-1988), What We Talk about When We Talk about Love. Toni Cade Bambara (1939-1995), The Lesson. Bharati Mukherjee (1940- ), The Management of Grief. Isabel Allende (1942- ), The Judge's Wife. Alice Walker (1944- ), Everyday Use (in Chapter 5). Tobias Wolff (1945- ), Hunters in the Snow (in Chapter 8). Tim O'Brien (1946- ), The Things They Carried. Sandra Cisneros (1954- ), Woman Hollering Creek. Louise Erdrich (1954- ), The Red Convertible. Ha Jin (1956- ), The Bridegroom. III. WRITING ABOUT POETRY. 10. How Do I Read Poetry? Get the Literal Meaning First: Paraphrase. Make Associations for Meaning.11. Writing about Persona and Tone. Who Is Speaking? What Is Tone? Describing Tone. Looking at Persona and Tone. Prewriting. Writing. Ideas for Writing. Editing.12. Writing about Poetic Language. What Do the Words Suggest? Looking at Poetic Language. Prewriting. Writing. Ideas for Writing. Rewriting: Style. Sample Student Paper.A Casebook on Love Poetry. Sappho (ca. 612-ca. 580), With His Venom. Anonymous, Western Wind. John Donne (1572-1631), A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning. Andrew Marvel (1621-1678), To His Coy Mistress. George Gordon, Lord Byron (1788-1824), When We Two Parted. Emily Dickinson (1830-1886), Wild Nights-Wild Nights! Edna St. Vincent Millay (1892-1950), What Lips My Lips Have Kissed. Adrienne Rich (1929- ), Living in Sin. Sample Student Paper: Images of Love by Sonya Weaver.13. Writing about Poetic Form. What Are the Forms of Poetry? Looking at the Forms of Poetry. Prewriting. Writing. Ideas for Writing. Rewriting: Style. Sample Published Essay on Poetic Form: David Huddle, "The `Banked Fire' of Robert Hayden's `Those Winter Sundays.'" ANTHOLOGY OF POETRY. Thomas Wyatt (1503-1542), They Flee from Me. William Shakespeare (1564-1616), Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day? (in Chapter 12). When in Disgrace with Fortune and Men's Eyes. Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds. That Time of Year Thou Mayst in Me Behold. My Mistress' Eyes Are Nothing Like the Sun. John Donne (1572-1631), The Flea. Death, Be Not Proud. Ben Jonson (1572-1637), On My First Son. Edmund Waller (1606-1687), Go, Lovely Rose (in Chapter 11). Richard Lovelace (1618-1657), To Lucasta, on Going to the Wars. William Blake (1757-1827), The Lamb. The Tyger. The Sick Rose. London. William Wordsworth (1770-1850), Nuns Fret Not (in Chapter 13). The World Is Too Much with Us. George Gordon, Lord Byron (1788-1824), She Walks in Beauty. Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822), Ozymandias. John Keats (1795-1821), On First Looking into Chapman's Homer. Ode on a Grecian Urn. Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809-1892), The Eagle. Walt Whitman (1819-1892), When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer. One's-Self I Sing. A Noiseless Patient Spider (in Chapter 12). Matthew Arnold (1822-1888), Dover Beach. Emily Dickinson (1830-1886), Success Is Counted Sweetest. I'm Nobody! Who Are You? Safe in Their Alabaster Chambers. He Put the Belt Around My Life. Much Madness Is Divinest Sense. Because I Could Not Stop for Death. Some Keep the Sabbath Going to Church. Thomas Hardy (1840-1928), Channel Firing. The Ruined Maid (in Chapter 11). Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844-1889), Pied Beauty. Spring and Fall. A. E. Housman (1859-1936), To An Athlete Dying Young. Loveliest of Trees. Eight O'clock (in Chapter 13). William Butler Yeats (1865-1939), The Second Coming. Sailing to Byzantium. Stephen Crane (1871-1900), A Man Said to the Universe. War Is Kind. Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906), We Wear the Mask. Robert Frost (1874-1963), Mending Wall. Birches. "Out, Out-." Fire and Ice. The Road Not Taken. Design. Carl Sandburg (1878-1967), Fog. Grass. Chicago. Wallace Stevens (1879-1955), The Emperor of Ice Cream. Anecdote of the Jar. William Carlos Williams (1883-1963), Danse Russe. The Red Wheelbarrow. D. H. Lawrence (1885-1930), Piano. Snake. Ezra Pound (1885-1972), In a Station of the Metro. The River-Merchant's Wife: A Letter. H. D. [Hilda Doolittle] (1886-1961), Heat (in Chapter 12). T. S. Eliot (1888-1965), The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. Claude McKay (1890-1948), America. Edna St. Vincent Millay (1892-1950), Oh, Oh, You Will Be Sorry for That Word. First Fig. Dorothy Parker (1893-1967), One Perfect Rose (in Chapter 11). Wilfred Owen (1893-1918), Dulce et Decorum Est. e. e. cummings (1894-1962), in Just-. next to of course god america i. she being Brand. pity this busy monster, manunkind. anyone lived in a pretty how town (in Chapter 13). Jean Toomer (1894-1967), Reapers. Langston Hughes (1902-1967), Daybreak in Alabama. Mother to Son. Harlem (A Dream Deferred). Theme for English B. The Negro Speaks of Rivers. Stevie Smith (1902-1971), Not Waving But Drowning. Countee Cullen (1903-1946), Incident. Pablo Neruda (1904-1973), The United Fruit Co. Sweetness, Always. W.H. Auden (1907-1973), Musee des Beaux Arts. Funeral Blues. The Unknown Citizen (in Chapter 11). Theodore Roethke (1908-1963), Dolor. I Knew a Woman. My Papa's Waltz (in Chapter 11). Elizabeth Bishop (1911-1979), One Art. May Sarton (1912-1995), AIDS. Robert Hayden (1913-1980), Those Winter Sundays. Randall Jarrell (1914-1965), The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner. Octavio Paz (1914-1998), The Street. Dudley Randall (1914- ), To the Mercy Killers. William Stafford (1914-1993), Traveling through the Dark. Dylan Thomas (1914-1953), The Force That Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower. Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night. Fern Hill. Gwendolyn Brooks (1917-2001), Sadie and Maud. We Real Cool (in Chapter 13). The Bean Eaters. Lawrence Ferlinghetti (1919- ), Constantly Risking Absurdity. Howard Nemerov (1920-1991), The Goose Fish. Hayden Carruth (1921- ), In the Long Hall (in Chapter 12). Richard Wilbur (1921- ), Love Calls Us to the Things of This World. Philip Larkin (1922-1985), Home Is So Sad. James Dickey (1923-1997), The Leap. Denise Levertov (1923-1997), O Taste and See. Wislawa Szymborska (1923- ) End and Beginning. Lisel Mueller (1924- ), Things. Maxine Kumin (1925- ), Woodchucks. W. D. Snodgrass (1926- ), April Inventory. Allen Ginsberg (1926-1997), A Supermarket in California. James Wright (1927-1980), Autumn Begins in Martins Ferry, Ohio. Donald Hall (1928- ), My Son My Executioner (in Chapter 12). Anne Sexton (1928-1974), You All Know the Story of the Other Woman. Cinderella. Adrienne Rich (1929- ), Aunt Jennifer's Tigers. Sylvia Plath (1932-1963), Mirror. Metaphors. Daddy. John Updike (1932- ), Ex-Basketball Player. Linda Pastan (1932- ), Ethics. Imamu Amiri Baraka [LeRoi Jones] (1934- ), Preface to a Twenty Volume Suicide Note. Biography. Audre Lorde (1934-1992), Hanging Fire. Wole Soyinka (1934- ), Telephone Conversation (in Chapter 13). Marge Piercy (1936- ), Barbie Doll. The Woman in the Ordinary. Seamus Heaney (1939- ), Digging. John Lennon (1940-1980) and Paul McCartney (1942- ), Eleanor Rigby. Sharon Olds (1942- ), The Death of Marilyn Monroe. Sex Without Love. Nikki Giovanni (1943- ), Dreams. Louise Gluck (1943- ), Life Is a Nice Place. Gina Valdes (1943- ), My Mother Sews Blouses. Yusef Komunyakaa (1947- ), Facing It. My Fathers Love Letters. Rita Dove (1952- ), Daystar. Jimmy Santiago Baca (1952- ), There Are Black. Judith Ortiz Cofer (1952- ) Latin Women Pray. Louise Erdrich (1954- ), Indian Boarding School: The Runaways. Martein Espada (1957- ), Coca-Cola and Coco Freio. Liberating a Pillar of Tortillas. Paired Poems for Comparison. Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593), The Passionate Shepherd to His Love. Sir Walter Raleigh (1952-1618). The Nymph's Reply to the Shepard. Robert Browning (1812-1889), My Last Duchess. Gabriel Spera (1966- ), My Ex-Husband. Thomas Hardy (1840-1928), The Convergence of the Twain. David R. Slavitt (1935- ), Titanic. Edwin Arlington Robinson (1869-1935), Richard Cory. Paul Simon, (1942- ), Richard Cory. Robert Frost (1874-1963), The Road Not Taken. Blanche Farley (1937- ), The Lover Not Taken. IV. WRITING ABOUT DRAMA. 14. How Do I Read a Play? Listen to the Lines. Visualize the Scene. Envision the Action. Drama on Film.15. Writing about Dramatic Structure. What Is Dramatic Structure? Looking at Dramatic Structure. Prewriting. Writing. Ideas for Writing. Rewriting. Sample Student Paper.16. Writing about Character. What Is the Modern Hero? Looking at the Modern Hero. Prewriting. Writing. Ideas for Writing. Rewriting.A Casebook on The Glass Menagerie: Interpreting Amanda. Burton Rasco, Review of The Glass Menagerie. Howard Tubman, "Diverse, Unique Amanda." Durant Da Ponte,"Tennessee Williams' Gallery of Feminine Characters." C.W.E. Bigsby, "Entering The Glass Menagerie." 17. Drama for Writing: The Research Paper. What Is Cultural Analysis? Looking at Cultural Issues. Using Library Sources in Your Writing. Prewriting. Writing. Ideas for Researched Writing. Rewriting. Editing. Sample Documented Papers by Students. Guide to the MLA Documentation Style.ANTHOLOGY OF DRAMA. Sophocles (ca. 496 - ca. 405 B.C.), Antigone (in Chapter 15). Oedipus The King. William Shakespeare (1564-1616), Othello. Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906), A Doll's House. Anton Chekhov (1860-1904), The Proposal. Susan Glaspell (1882-1948), Trifles. Tennessee Williams (1911-1983), The Glass Menagerie (in Chapter 16). Lorraine Hansberry (1930-1965), A Raisin in the Sun. Fernando Arrabal (1932- ), Picnic on the Battlefield. Luis Valdez (1940- ), Los Vendidos. David Ives (1950- ), Sure Thing. Harvey Fierstein (1954- ), On Tidy Endings. David Henry Hwang (1957- ), M. Butterfly (in Chapter 17).V. THE EDITING PROCESS. A Handbook for Correcting Errors. Proofreading. Correcting Sentence Boundary Errors. Run-On Sentences. Clearing Up Confused Sentences. Solving Faulty Predication Problems. Fixing Subject-Verb Agreement Errors. Fixing Pronoun Errors. Correcting Shifts in Person. Correcting Shifts in Tense. Finding Modifier Mistakes. Coping with Irregular Verbs. Setting Verbs Right. Writing in Active Voice. Solving Punctuation Problems. Using Necessary Commas Only. Using Apostrophes. Integrating Quotations Gracefully. Quoting from a Story: Crediting Sources. Quoting from a Poem. Quoting from a Play. Punctuating Quoted Material. Writing Smooth Transitions. Catching Careless Mistakes.Appendix: Critical Approaches for Interpreting Literature. Formalism. Historical Approaches. Psychological Approaches. Mythological and Archetypal Approaches. Gender Focus. Reader Response. Deconstruction.Glossary of Literary and Rhetorical Terms. Biographical Notes. Credits. Index of Authors, Titles, and First Lines of Poetry. Subject more

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