Literature : An Introduction to Reading and Writing, Compact, (Reprint), with MLA Update
For Introduction to Literature; Freshman Composition, second semester, where the focus is on writing about literature. A brief, paperback version of the best-selling Literature: An Introduction to Reading and Writing, this compact edition retains all of the outstanding features of the original text. Like the book on which it is based, it is dedicated throughout to the interlocking processes of reading and writing. In addition to carefully chosen literary selections, each chapter contains detailed information on and sample essays for writing about literature.
- Paperback | 1472 pages
- 152.4 x 226.06 x 48.26mm | 1,202.01g
- 27 Sep 2000
- Pearson Education (US)
- United States
Table of contents
1. Introduction: Reading, Responding To, and Writing about Literature. I. READING AND WRITING ABOUT FICTION. 2. Fiction: An Overview. Stories for Study:Tim O'Brien, The Things They Carried. Alice Walker, Everyday Use. Joy Williams, Taking Care. 3. Plot and Structure: The Development and Organization of Stories.Stories for Study:Stephen Crane, The Blue Hotel. Eudora Welty, A Worn Path. Tom Whitecloud, Blue Winds Dancing. 4. Characters: The People in Fiction.Stories for Study:Willa Cather, Paul's Case. William Faulkner, Barn Burning. Susan Glaspell, A Jury of Her Peers. Amy Tan, Two Kinds. 5. Point of View: The Position or Stance of the Narrator or Speaker.Stories for Study:Ambrose Bierce, An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge. Shirley Jackson, The Lottery. Katherine Mansfield, Miss Brill. Lorrie Moore, How To Become A Writer. Tillie Olsen, I Stand Here Ironing. John Updike, A & P. 6. Setting: The Background of Place, Objects, and Culture in Stories.Stories for Study:Kate Chopin, The Story of an Hour. Joanne Greenberg, And Sarah Laughed . Cynthia Ozick, The Shawl. Edgar Allan Poe, The Cask of Amontillado 7. Tone and Style: The Words That Convey Attitudes in Fiction.Stories for Study:Margaret Atwood, Rape Fantasies. Ernest Hemingway, Soldier's Home. Jack Hodgins, The Concert Stages of Europe. Alice Munro, The Found Boat. Frank O'Connor, First Confession. 8. Symbolism and Allegory: Keys to Extended Meaning.Stories for Study:Aesop, The Fox and the Grapes. Nathaniel Hawthorne, Young Goodman Brown. St. Luke, The Parable of the Prodigal Son. Edgar Allen Poe, The Fall of the House of Usher. John Steinbeck, The Chrysanthemums. Michel Tremblay, The Thimble. 9. Idea or Theme: The Meaning and the Message in Fiction.Stories for Study:James Joyce, Araby. D.H. Lawrence, The Horse Dealer's Daughter. Irene Zabytko,Home Soil.10. Stories for Additional Study.Robert Olen Butler, Snow. Raymond Carver, Neighbors. Andre Dubus, The Curse. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, The Yellow Wallpaper. Margaret Laurence, The Loons. Flannery O'Connor,A Good Man Is Hard to Find. Katherine Anne Porter, The Jilting of Granny Weatherall. II. READING AND WRITING ABOUT POETRY. 11. Meeting Poetry: An Overview. Billy Collins, Schoolsville. Robert Herrick Here a Pretty Baby Lies. Anonymous, Sir Patrick Spens. Poems for Study:Robert Browning, My Last Duchess. Emily Dickinson, Because I Could Not Stop for Death. Robert Frost, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening. Thomas Hardy, The Man He Killed. Joy Harjo, Eagle Poem. A.E. Housman, Loveliest of Trees. Randall Jarrell, The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner. Jim Northrup, Ogichidag. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 55: Not Marble, Nor the Gilded Monuments. 12. Words: The Building Blocks of Poetry.Robert Graves, The Naked and the Nude. Poems for Study:William Blake, The Lamb. Robert Burns, Green Grow the Rashes, O. e.e. cummings, next to of course god america i. John Donne, Holy Sonnet 14: Batter My Heart, Three-Personed God. Richard Eberhart, The Fury of Aerial Bombardment. Thomas Gray, Sonnet on the Death of Richard West. Maxine Kumin, Hello, Hello Henry. Linda Pastan, Ethics. Henry Reed, Naming of Parts. Edwin Arlington Robinson, Richard Cory. Theodore Roethke, Dolor. Stephen Spender, I Think Continually of Those Who Were Truly Great.Wallace Stevens, Disillusionment of Ten O'Clock. Mark Strand, Eating Poetry. James Wright, A Blessing. 13. Imagery: The Poem's Link to the Senses.John Masefield, Cargoes. Wilfred Owen, Anthem for Doomed Youth. Elizabeth Bishop, The Fish. Poems for Study:William Blake, The Tyger. Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Sonnets from the Portugese, No 14. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Kubla Khan. George Herbert, The Pulley.Gerard Manley Hopkins, Spring. Denise Levertov, A Time Past. P.K. Page, Photos of a Salt Mine. Ezra Pound, In a Station of the Metro. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 130: My Mistress' Eyes Are Nothing Like the Sun. David Wojahn, "It's Only Rock and Roll, but I Like It: The Fall of Saigon." 14. Rhetorical Figures: A Source of Depth and Range in Poetry.John Keats, On First Looking into Chapman's Homer. John Keats, Bright Star. John Gay, Let Us Take the Road. Poems for Study:Elizabeth Bishop, Rain Towards Morning. Robert Burns, A Red, Red Rose. John Donne, A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning. Langston Hughes, Harlem. John Keats, To Autumn. Jane Kenyon, Portrait of a Figure Near Water. Ogden Nash, Exit, Pursued by a Bear. Marge Piercy, A Work of Artifice. Sylvia Plath, Metaphors. Muriel Rukeyser, Looking at Each Other. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 18: Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer's Day? William Shakespeare, Sonnet 30: When to the Sessions of Sweet Silent Thoughts. Walt Whitman, Facing West from California's Shores. William Wordsworth, London, 1802. Sir Thomas Wyatt, I Find No Peace. 15. Tone: The Creation of Attitude in Poetry.Cornelius Whur, The First-Rate Wife. Wilfred Owen, Dulce et Decorum Est. Thomas Hardy, The Workbox. Alexander Pope, Epigram from the French. Alexander Pope, Epigram, Engraved on the Collar of a Dog which I gave to his Royal Highness. Poems for Study:William Blake, London. Anne Bradstreet, The Author to Her Book. Lucille Clifton, homage to my hips. E.E. Cummings, she being Brand/-new. Langston Hughes, Theme for English B. X.J. Kennedy, John while swimming in the ocean. Sharon Olds, The Planned Child. Michael Ondaatje, Late Movies with Skyler. Alexander Pope, from Epilogue to the Satires, Dialogue I. Al Purdy, Poem. Theodore Roethke, My Papa's Waltz. Judith Viorst, True Love. David Wagoner, My Physics Teacher. C.K. Williams, Dimensions. William Wordsworth, Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802. 16. Prosody: Sound, Rhythm, and Rhyme in Poetry.Poems for Study:Gwendolyn Brooks, We Real Cool. Emily Dickinson, To Hear an Oriole Sing. John Donne, The Sun Rising. T.S. Eliot, Macavity: The Mystery Cat. Robert Herrick, Upon Julia's Voice. Gerard Manley Hopkins, God's Grandeur. Langston Hughes, Let America Be America Again. Philip Levine, A Theory of Prosody. Edgar Allan Poe, The Bells. Edwin Arlington Robinson, Miniver Cheevy. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 73: That Time of Year Thou May'st in Me Behold. Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ode to the West Wind. Alfred, Lord Tennyson, from Idylls of the King: The Passing of Arthur. David Wagoner, March for a One-Man Band. William Wordsworth, Daffodills (I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud). 17. Form: The Shape of the Poem.Alfred, Lord Tennyson, The Eagle. Anonymous, Spun in High, Dark Clouds. William Shakespeare, Sonnet 116: Let Me Not to the Marriage of True Minds. Walt Whitman, Reconciliation. George Herbert, Easter Wings. Poems For Study.E.E. Cummings, Buffalo Bill's Defunct. John Dryden, To the Memory of Mr. Oldham. Robert Frost, Desert Places. Allen Ginsberg, A Supermarket in California. Nikki Giovanni, Nikki-Rosa. Robert Hass, Museum. George Herbert, Virtue. William Heyen, Mantle. John Keats, Ode to a Nightingale. Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress. John Milton, When I Consider How My Light is Spent. Dudley Randall, Ballad of Birmingham. Christina Rossetti, A Christmas Carol. Percy Bysshe Shelley, Ozymandias. May Swenson, Women. Dylan Thomas, Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night. Jean Toomer, Reapers. Charles H. Webb, The Shape of History. Phyllis Webb, Poetics Against the Angel of Death. William Carlos Williams, The Dance. William Wordsworth, The Solitary Reaper. 18. Symbolism and Allusion: Windows to a Wide Expanse of Meaning.Virginia Scott, Snow. Poems for Study:Mathew Arnold, Dover Beach. E.E. Cummings, In Just-. John Donne, The Canonization. Jorie Graham, The Geese. George Herbert, The Collar. Robert Herrick, To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Robinson Jeffers, The Purse- Seine. John Keats, La Belle Dame Sans Merci. John Keats, Ode on a Grecian Urn. Carol Muske, Real Estate. Mary Oliver, Wild Geese. Walt Whitman, A Noiseless Patient Spider. William Wordsworth, Lines Written in Early Spring. William Butler Yeats, The Second Coming. 19. Myth: Systems of Symbolic Allusion In Poetry.William Butler Yeats, Leda and the Swan. Poems Related to Homer's Odyssey.Poems for Study:Margaret Atwood, Siren Song. W.S. Merwin, Odysseus Dorothy Parker, Penelope. Peter Ulisse, Odyssey: 20 Years Later. Poems About the Story of Icarus.Poems for Study:Brian Aldiss, Flight 063. Edward Field, Icarus. Muriel Rukeyser, Waiting for Icarus. William Carlos Williams, Landscape with the Fall of Icarus. Poems Related to the Phoenix.Poems for Study:Amy Clampitt, Berceuse. May Sarton, The Phoenix Again. A Poem about Oedipus.Poems for Study:Muriel Rukeyser, Myth. 20. Two Poetic Careers: Emily Dickinson and Robert Frost.Poems by Emily Dickinson:After Great Pain, a Formal Feeling Comes (Poem 341). The Bustle in a House (Poem 1078). "Faith" Is a Fine Invention (Poem 185). The Heart Is the Capital of the Mind (Poem 1354). I Cannot Live with You (Poem 640). I Died for Beauty-but Was Scarce (Poem 449). I Heard a Fly Buzz-When I Died (Poem 465). I Like to See It Lap the Miles (Poem 585). I'm Nobody! Who Are You (Poem 288)? I Never Felt at Home-Below- (Poem 413). I Never Lost as Much But Twice (Poem 49). I Taste a Liquor Never Brewed (Poem 214). Much Madness Is Divinest Sense (Poem 435). My Life Closed Twice Before Its Close (Poem 1732). My Triumph Lasted Till the Drums (Poem 1227). One Need Not Be a Chamber-To Be Haunted (Poem 670). Safe in Their Alabaster Chambers (Poem 216). Some Keep the Sabbath Going to Church (Poem 324). The Soul Selects Her Own Society (Poem 303). Success Is Counted Sweetest (Poem 67). There's a Certain Slant of Light (Poem 258). This World Is Not Conclusion (Poem 501). Wild Nights-Wild Nights! (Poem 249) Poems by Robert Frost:A Line-Storm Song (Poem 1913). Mending Wall (Poem 1914). Birches (Poem 1915). The Road Not Taken (Poem 1915). 'Out, Out-' (Poem 1916). The Oven Bird (Poem 1916). Fire and Ice (Poem 1920). Nothing Gold Can Stay (Poem 1923). Misgiving (1923). Acquainted with the Night (Poem 1928). Design (Poem 1936). A Considerable Speck (Poem 1942). 21. Poems for Additional Study.Maya Angelou, My Arkansas. Anonymous, Healing Prayer from the Beautyway Chant. Margaret Atwood, Variation on the Word Sleep. W.H. Auden, The Unknown Citizen. Imamu Amiri Baraka, Ka 'Ba. Marvin Bell, Things We Dreamt We Died For. Earle Birney, Can. Lit. Arna Bontemps, A Black Man Talks of Reaping. Anne Bradstreet, To My Dear and Loving Husband. Joseph Brodsky, In Memory of My Father: Australia. Gwendolyn Brooks, Primer for Blacks. Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Sonnetts from the Portuguese: No. 43: How Do I Love Thee? Robert Browning, Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister. Lord Byron, The Destruction of Sennacherib. Lucille Clifton, this morning. the poet. Leonard Cohen, "The killers that run...". Stephen Crane, Do Not Weep, Maiden, for War Is Kind. Countee Cullen, Yet Do I Marvel. E.E. Cummings, if there are any heavens. James Dickey, The Lifeguard. John Donne, Holy Sonet 6: This Is My Play's Last Scene. John Donne, Holy Sonet 7: At the Round Earth's Imagined Corners. John Donne, Holy Sonet 10: Death Be Not Proud. John Donne, A Hynm to God the Father. John Donne, Song. (Go, And Catch a Falling Star. Michael Drayton, Since There's No Help. Paul Laurence Dunbar, Sympathy. T. S. Eliot, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock. Carolyn Forche, Because One Is Always Forgotten. Nikki Giovanni, Woman. Marilyn Hacker, Sonnet Ending with a Film Subtitle. Daniel Halpern, Snapshot of Hue. H.S. (Sam) Hamod Leaves. Frances E.W. Harper, She's Free! Michael S. Harper, Called. Robert Hass, Spring Rain. Robert Hayden, Those Winter Sundays. Seamus Heaney, The Otter. William Heyen, The Hair: Jacob Korman's Story. A.D Hope, Advice to Young Ladies. Gerard Manley Hopkins, Pied Beauty. Langston Hughes, Negro. Robinson Jeffers, The Answer. Etheridge Knight, Haiku. Maxine Kumin, Woodchucks. Irving Layton, Rhine Boat Trip. Li-Young Lee, A Final Thing. Alan P. Lightman, In Computers. Audre Lorde, Every Traveler Has One Vermont Poem. Richard Lovelace, To Lucasta, Going to the Wars. Amy Lowell, Patterns. Gwendolyn McEwen, Dark Pines under Water. Claude McKay, The White City. Edna St. Vincent Millay, What Lips My Lips Have Kissed, and Where, and Why. Ogden Nash, Very Like a Whale. Jim Northrup, wahbegan. Frank O'Hara, Poem. Mary Oliver, Ghosts. Simon Ortiz, A Story of How a Wall Stands. Dorothy Parker, Resume. Linda Pastan, Marks. Marge Piercy, The Secretary Chant. Sylvia Plath, Last Words. Mirror. Edgar Allan Poe, Annabel Lee. Katha Pollitt, Archaeology. Ezra Pound, The River-Merchant's Wife: A Letter. John Crowe Ransom, Bells for John Whiteside's Daughter. Adrienne Rich, Diving Into the Wreck. Theodore Roethke, The Waking. Sonia Sanchez, right on: white america. Carl Sandburg, Chicago. Siegfried Sassoon, Dreamers. Alan Seeger, I Have a Rendezvous with Death. William Shakespeare, Fear No More the Heat o' the Sun. Sonnet 29: When in Disgrace with Fortune and Men's Eyes. Sonnet 146: Poor Soul, the Center of My Sinful Earth. Karl Shapiro, Auto Wreck. Leslie Marmon Silko, Where Mountain Lion Lay Down with Deer. Dave Smith, Bluejays. Stevie Smith, Not Waving But Drowning. W.D. Snodgrass, These Trees Stand. . . Cathy Song, Lost Sister. Gary Soto, Oranges. William Stafford, Traveling Through the Dark. Gerald Stern, Burying an Animal on the Way to New York. Wallace Stevens, The Emperor of Ice-Cream. James Tate, The Blue Booby. Dylan Thomas, A Refusal to Mourn the Death, by Fire, of a Child in London. John Updike, Perfection Wasted. Shelly Wagner, The Boxes. Alice Walker, Revolutionary Petunias. Edmund Waller, Go, Lovely Rose. Robert Penn Warren, Heart of Autumn. Bruce Weigl, Song of Napalm. Phillis Wheatley, On Being Brought from Africa to America.Walt Whitman, Full of Life Now. Beat! Beat! Drums! Dirge for Two Veterans. Richard Wilbur, The Sirens. William Carlos Williams, The Red Wheelbarrow. William Butler Yeats, Sailing to Byzantium. Paul Zimmer, The Day Zimmer Lost Religion. III. READING AND WRITING ABOUT DRAMA. 22. The Dramatic Vision: An Overview. Plays For Study:Susan Glaspell, Trifles. Langston Hughes, Mulatto. Betty Keller, Tea Party. Eugene O'Neill, Before Breakfast. 23. The Tragic Vision: Affirmation Through Loss.Sophocles. Oedipus the King. William Shakespeare, Hamlet. 24. The Comic Vision: Restoring the Balance.William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night's Dream. Anton Chekhov, The Bear. Beth Henley, Am I Blue. 25. Plays for Additional Study.Henrik Ibsen, A Dollhouse. Arthur Miller, Death of a Salesman. Tennessee Williams, The Glass Menagerie. IV. SPECIAL WRITING TOPICS ABOUT LITERATURE. 26. Writing and Documenting the Research Essay. 27. Critical Approaches Important in the Study of Literature. 28. Taking Examinations on Literature. 29. Comparison-Contrast and Extended Comparison-Contrast: Learning by Seeing Literary Works Together. Appendix: Brief Biographies of the Poets in Part III. Glossary of Literary Terms. Index of Authors, Titles, and First Lines.