Library of Universal Knowledge Volume 9

Library of Universal Knowledge Volume 9

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1880 edition. Excerpt: ...a combined movement towards u well-defined end." In Germany, however, the masons of the 14th c, who had attained ft wonderful skill in carving and in constructing arches, overstepping tlieir original functions, took to.a preut extent, the office of architect into their own hands and it is undeniable tliat Hie churches designed by German masons, though rich in the mont exquisite workmanship, are not comparable, in the higher elements of beauty, to lite works of noumasouic architects. The epithet. Free" was applied to the craft of masons in consequence of their being exempted by several papal bnils from the laws which regulated cuininou laborers, and exonerated from various burdens thrown on the working-classes at large both in England and on the continent. Like all the other guilds, the Thasnus were bound by their rules to the performance of specific religious duties; but a craft one of whose principal functions was church-building, was naturally under the more especial protection of the clergy.' Yet a considerable time before the Reformation, we find the jealousy of the church excited from time to time by the masonic brethren, partly in consequence of their assuming oilier functions besides tho-e of mere builders. In England, an act, passed in the minority of Henry VI., at the instigation of Henry of Beaufort, Carilinal of Winchester, prohibited the masons from holding their wonted chapters and assemblies. But this act was never enforced; and Henry VI., on coming of age, himself countenanced the masons, and was a member of the fraternity. Henry VII. became their grand master in England. The history of freemasonry has been overlaid with fiction and absurdity, partly from an exaggerated estimate of its importance in the development of...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 632 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 32mm | 1,111g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236575156
  • 9781236575159