Letters on Iceland : Containing Observations Made during a Voyage Undertaken in the Year 1772 by Joseph Banks, Esq.
Swedish archbishop Uno von Troil (1746-1803) had a lifelong enthusiasm for travel and scientific study which led him to accompany the famous naturalist Sir Joseph Banks (1743-1820) on an expedition to Iceland in 1772. Banks was already well known for his role as botanist on Captain Cook's first voyage on the Endeavour, which mapped the Pacific and uncharted parts of Australia and New Zealand. This book, first published in 1780, is a compilation of letters written by von Troil, documenting the tour of Iceland. The letters describe volcanos and other geological features as well as providing meteorological information and an account of the northern lights. Through his amiable and enthusiastic correspondence, von Troil paints a picture of the Icelandic people, their national character and culture, including their diet and occupations. Also featured is an account of the religious history of Iceland and the organisation of the Icelandic church.
- Electronic book text
- 05 Mar 2012
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
- 1 b/w illus. 1 map
Table of contents
Introduction; 1. On the effects of fire in Iceland; 2. Of Iceland in general; 3. On the constitution of the country; 4. Of the arrival of the Norwegians, the government and laws in Iceland; 5. Concerning ecclesiastical affairs in Iceland; 6. Of the character and manner of life of the Icelanders; 7. Of the dress of the Icelanders; 8. Of the houses and buildings of the Icelanders; 9. Of the food of the Icelanders; 10. Of the employment of the Icelanders, and their chronology; 11. Of the diseases of Iceland; 12. Of fishing and fowling, and the breed of cattle in Iceland; 13. Of the trade of Iceland; 14. Of Icelandic literature; 15. Of printing in Iceland; 16. Of the remains of antiquity in Iceland; 17. Of Icelandic poetry; 18. Of the volcanos in Iceland; 19. The subject continued; 20. Of Mount Heckla; 21. Of the hot spouting water springs in Iceland; 22. Of the pillars of basalt; to which is subjoined Mr. Bank's curious account of the island of Staffa; 23. From Chev. Ihre to Dr. Troil, concerning the Edda; 24. From Chev. Bach to Dr. Troil, of the Icelandic Elephantiasis; 25. From Prof. Bergman to Dr. Troil, of the effects of fire both at the volcanos and the hot springs, and also of the basaltes.