Leibniz and the Structure of Sciences
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Leibniz and the Structure of Sciences : Modern Perspectives on the History of Logic, Mathematics, Epistemology

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Description

The book offers a collection of essays on various aspects of Leibniz's scientific thought, written by historians of science and world-leading experts on Leibniz. The essays deal with a vast array of topics on the exact sciences: Leibniz's logic, mereology, the notion of infinity and cardinality, the foundations of geometry, the theory of curves and differential geometry, and finally dynamics and general epistemology. Several chapters attempt a reading of Leibniz's scientific works through modern mathematical tools, and compare Leibniz's results in these fields with 19th- and 20th-Century conceptions of them. All of them have special care in framing Leibniz's work in historical context, and sometimes offer wider historical perspectives that go much beyond Leibniz's researches. A special emphasis is given to effective mathematical practice rather than purely epistemological thought. The book is addressed to all scholars of the exact sciences who have an interest in historical research and Leibniz in particular, and may be useful to historians of mathematics, physics, and epistemology, mathematicians with historical interests, and philosophers of science at large.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 298 pages
  • 155 x 235 x 19.05mm | 635g
  • Cham, Switzerland
  • English
  • 1st ed. 2019
  • 157 Illustrations, black and white; XI, 298 p. 157 illus.
  • 3030255719
  • 9783030255718
  • 1,975,148

Back cover copy

The book offers a collection of essays on various aspects of Leibniz's scientific thought, written by historians of science and world-leading experts on Leibniz. The essays deal with a vast array of topics on the exact sciences: Leibniz's logic, mereology, the notion of infinity and cardinality, the foundations of geometry, the theory of curves and differential geometry, and finally dynamics and general epistemology. Several chapters attempt a reading of Leibniz's scientific works through modern mathematical tools, and compare Leibniz's results in these fields with 19th- and 20th-Century conceptions of them. All of them have special care in framing Leibniz's work in historical context, and sometimes offer wider historical perspectives that go much beyond Leibniz's researches. A special emphasis is given to effective mathematical practice rather than purely epistemological thought. The book is addressed to all scholars of the exact sciences who have an interest in historical research and Leibniz in particular, and may be useful to historians of mathematics, physics, and epistemology, mathematicians with historical interests, and philosophers of science at large.
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Table of contents

Chapter 1. Leibniz on the Logic of Conceptual Containment and Coincidence (Marko Malink and Anubav Vasudevan).- Chapter 2. Leibniz's Mereology (Massimo Mugnai).- Chapter 3. Leibniz in Cantor's Paradise: A Dialogue on the Actual Infinite (Richard T.W. Arthur).- Chapter 4. Leibniz and the Continuity of Space (Vincenzo De Risi).- Chapter 5. On the Plurality of Spaces in Leibniz (Valerie Debuiche and David Rabouin).- Chapter 6. One String Attached: Geometrical Exactness in Leibniz's Parisian Manuscripts (Davide Crippa).- Chapter 7. Leibniz and the Calculus of Variations (Jurgen Jost).- Chapter 8. Teleology and Realism in Leibniz's Philosophy of Science (Nabeel Hamid).
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About Vincenzo De Risi

Vincenzo De Risi is currently Research Fellow at the French CNRS. He has previously been Research Director at the Max Planck Institute for The History of Science in Berlin (2010-2016), fellow of the Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences in Leipzig and invited Leibniz-Professor in the latter city. He worked extensively on the history of geometry and geometrical epistemology from Antiquity to the Early Modern Age, and in particular on Leibniz's analysis situs, and the discovery of non-Euclidean geometry. His main publications are Geometry and Monadology: Leibniz's Analysis Situs and Philosophy of Space (2007), Leibniz on the Parallel Postulate and the Foundations of Geometry (2015), a commented edition and translation of Saccheri's masterwork on non-Euclidean geometry (Euclid vindicated from Every Blemish, 2014), and a collection of essays on geometry and space (Mathematizing Space: The Objects of Geometry from Antiquity to the Early Modern Age, 2015), all published by Birkhauser. He has recently published a long essay on the tradition of Euclid's Elements (The Development of Euclidean Axiomatics, "Archive for History of Exact Sciences", 2016)
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