Lectures on the Science of Religion

Lectures on the Science of Religion

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1874 edition. Excerpt: ...all the phases of existence, all the worlds of the gods and of the higher spirits, attains finally Nirv&na as its highest aim and last reward, t. e. becomes quite extinct, then religion is not any more what it ought to be--a bridge from the finite to the infinite, but a trap-bridge hurling man into the abyss, at the very moment when he thought he had arrived at the stronghold of the Eternal. According to the metaphysical doctrine of Buddhism, the soul cannot dissolve itself in a higher being, or be absorbed in the absolute substance, as was taught by the Brahmans and other mystics of ancient and modern times. For Buddhism knew not the Divine, the Eternal, the Absolute, and the soul, even as the I, or as the mere Self, the Atman, as called by the Brahmans, was represented in the orthodox Metaphysics of Buddhism as transient, as futile, as a mere phantom. No person who reads with attention the metaphysical speculations on the Nirv&na contained in the Buddhist Canon, can arrive at any other conviction than that expressed by Burnouf, namely, that Nirv&na, the highest aim, the summum bonum of Buddhism, is the absolute nothing. Burnouf adds, however, that this doctrine, in its crude form, appears only in the third part of the canon, the so-called Abhidharma, but not in the first and second parts, in the Sfitras, the sermons, and the Vinaya, the ethics, which together bear the name of Dharma or Law. He next points out that, according to some ancient authorities, this entire part of the canon was designated as "not pronounced by Buddha." 1 These are, at once, two important limitations. I add a third, and maintain that sayings of the Buddha occur in the first and second parts of the canon, which are in open contradiction to...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 80 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 4mm | 159g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 123657057X
  • 9781236570574