Lectures on the Philosophy of History; Accompanied with Notes, and Illustrative Engravings

Lectures on the Philosophy of History; Accompanied with Notes, and Illustrative Engravings

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1819 edition. Excerpt: ...The establishment of postage is believed to have originated with this people, for the purpose of securing a rapid communication between the different parts of that extensive empire. The Persian government in one respect exceeded all others, (if we except the modern Burman, ) namely, in the excessive cruelty of its punishments, and the summary mode of their execution. III. The third great empire was that of Macedonia, whose history may be divided into four very unequal periods. The first, from Caranus its founder, to the accession of Philip; the second, the reign of Philip; the third, the reign of Alexander; and the fourth, from the death of Alexander to the subjugation of Egypt. 1. The period in which Caranus commenced his reign is uncertain. The kingdom of Macedon, which he founded, held a sort of middle place between the Greeks and the Barbarians. The early Macedonian princes were reckoned very mild governors, and their country with the utmost difficulty maintained its independence during the contests with the Persians and the Greeks. 2. Philip began his reign, B. C. 360, and was assassinated B. C. 336. As Philip of Macedon obtained the ascendancy of Greece, and virtually, though not avowedly, suppressed the liberties of that country, it is natural to enquire by what means he was enabled to effect such great designs. To this question three answers may be given. 1. He greatly excelled in military power, skill, and courage. He particularly displayed his acquaintance with the art of war by organizing and training the phalanx, a military corps, which consisted, when in its most perfect form, of 8000 men, drawn up into J6 ranks of 500 each. In this case the front ranks were armed with short spears, and those in the rear with lances of great length..show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 88 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 5mm | 172g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236653475
  • 9781236653475