Learning from Words

Learning from Words : Testimony as a Source of Knowledge

4.25 (12 ratings by Goodreads)
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Testimony is an invaluable source of knowledge. We rely on the reports of those around us for everything from the ingredients in our food and medicine to the identity of our family members. Recent years have seen an explosion of interest in the epistemology of testimony. Despite the multitude of views offered, a single thesis is nearly universally accepted: testimonial knowledge is acquired through the process of transmission from speaker to hearer. In this book,
Jennifer Lackey shows that this thesis is false and, hence, that the literature on testimony has been shaped at its core by a view that is fundamentally misguided. She then defends a detailed alternative to this conception of testimony: whereas the views currently dominant focus on the epistemic status
of what speakers believe, Lackey advances a theory that instead centers on what speakers say. The upshot is that, strictly speaking, we do not learn from one another's beliefs - we learn from one another's words. Once this shift in focus is in place, Lackey goes on to argue that, though positive reasons are necessary for testimonial knowledge, testimony itself is an irreducible epistemic source. This leads to the development of a theory that gives proper credence to testimony's
epistemologically dual nature: both the speaker and the hearer must make a positive epistemic contribution to testimonial knowledge. The resulting view not only reveals that testimony has the capacity to generate knowledge, but it also gives appropriate weight to our nature as both socially indebted and individually
rational creatures. The approach found in this book will, then, represent a radical departure from the views currently dominating the epistemology of testimony, and thus is intended to reshape our understanding of the deep and ubiquitous reliance we have on the testimony of those around us.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 308 pages
  • 163 x 242 x 24mm | 635g
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 0199219168
  • 9780199219162
  • 2,288,494

Table of contents

Introduction ; 1. The Nature of Testimony ; 2. Rejecting Transmission ; 3. A Defense of Learning from Words ; 4. Norms of Assertion and Testimonial Knowledge ; 5. A Critique of Reductionism and Non-Reductionism ; 6. Dualism in the Epistemology of Testimony ; 7. Positive Reasons, Defeaters, and the Infant/Child Objection ; 8. Trust and Assurance: The Interpersonal View of Testimony ; Appendix. Memory as a Generative Epistemic Source
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Review quote

an informative read. The theory she advocates deserves recognition as an important contribution to the discourse on testimony. An attempt to move past emphasizing speakers at the expense of hearers, or hearers at the expense of speakers, is long overdue, and Lackey is clear and concise in drawing out the obligations placed on each. * David R. T. Fraser, Philosophy Now * In Learning from Words Jennifer Lackey professes to revolutionize the epistem ology of testimony... Even though Lackey's arguments do not always convince me, the book is certainly s must-read for epistemologists of testimony. Not only does she characterize the main battlefields of the debate with outstanding clarity, her substantive and often novel and insightful contributions provide an unmissable source of ideas for anyone working in the field. * Christoph Kelp, The Philosophical Quarterly * ...presents a sustained, and engaging, argument for a distinctive epistemological position... admirably clear and densely argued, Epistemology needed a new look at testimony and Learning from Words gives it one. * Paul Faulkner, *
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About Jennifer Lackey

Jennifer Lackey is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Northwestern University.
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Rating details

12 ratings
4.25 out of 5 stars
5 50% (6)
4 33% (4)
3 8% (1)
2 8% (1)
1 0% (0)
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