Introduction; D. Shorrocks-Taylor. 1. International Comparisons of Pupil Performance: An Introduction and Discussion; D. Shorrocks-Taylor. 2. International Comparisons of Student Achievement: Perspectives from the TIMSS International Study Center; M.O. Martin, I.V.S. Mullis. 3. Diversity of Purpose in International Assessments: Issues arising from the TIMSS Tests of Mathematics and Science; G. Orpwood. 4. Monitoring Student Knowledge and Skills: The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment; A. Schleicher. 5. International Comparisons - What really matters? J. Elliott, et al. 6. World Class Schools: Some Preliminary Methodological Findings from the International School Effectiveness Research Project (ISERP); D. Reynolds, et al. 7. Making Use of International Comparisons of Student Achievement in Science and Mathematics; E. Jenkins. 8. Exploring Students Responses on Free-Response Science Items in TIMSS; C. Angell, et al. 9. Studying Achievement Gaps in Science within the National Context; R. Zuzovsky. 10. The need for caution when using the results of international mathematics testing to inform policy decisions in education in the member countries; A. Kitchen. 11. International Comparisons of Pupil Performance and National Mathematics and Science Testing in England; D. Shorrocks-Taylor, et al. 12. Messages for Mathematics Education from TIMSS in Australia; J. Lokan. 13. TIMSS in South Africa: The Value of International Comparative Studies for a Developing Country; S.J. Howie. Bibliography. Subject Index. Name Index.