Learning and Assessing with Multiple-Choice Questions in College Classrooms
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Learning and Assessing with Multiple-Choice Questions in College Classrooms

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Description

Multiple-choice questions (MCQs) are a ubiquitous tool used in college classrooms, yet most instructors admit that they are not prepared to maximize the question's benefits. Learning and Assessing with Multiple-Choice Questions in College Classrooms is a comprehensive resource designed to enable instructors and their students to enhance student learning through the use of MCQs. Including chapters on writing questions, assessment, leveraging technology, and much more, this book will help instructors increase the benefits of a question type that is incredibly useful as both a learning and assessment tool in an education system seeking ways to improve student outcomes.


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Product details

  • Hardback | 138 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 15.24mm | 363g
  • ROUTLEDGE
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 39 Line drawings, black and white; 6 Tables, black and white
  • 1138845973
  • 9781138845978

Table of contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1: Introduction


Why students hate tests, but they won't hate yours.


"(Why) do I have to take this test?"


"What will be on the test?"


"We didn't cover this in class!!!!"


Are you a test-giver or an educator?


The Formative Assessment Cycle


The Plan for this Book


Take a deep seat and a far-off gaze


Conclusion


References and Resources for Further Reading





Section 1: Writing Multiple-Choice Questions





Chapter 2: The Basic Multiple-Choice Question


Anatomy of a Multiple-Choice Question


Distractors are not tricks; they're good measurement.


A Framework for Item Writing


Avoid Window Dressing


Don't copy-and-paste language from elsewhere directly into the test question.


Watch your language


Stem-twisting


The Key is key.


It's nice to have options.


Summary


References and Resources for Further Reading





Chapter 3: Variations and Elaborations


Matching Exercises


Binary Choice Items


Guessing


Context Dependent Item Sets


Vignette-based MCQ's


Complex Multiple-Choice (Type K)


Summary


References and Resources for Further Reading





Section 2: Assessing with Multiple-Choice Questions





Chapter 4: Test Blueprints


"What'll be on the test?"


What will be on the test?.


How will it be on the test?.


How much of it will be on the test?.


Your test blueprint pulls it all together


Using the blueprint before you teach and they learn.


While you're teaching and they're learning.


A Final Benefit


Summary


References and Resources for Further Reading





Chapter 5: Test Construction, Administration, and Scoring


Test Construction


Creating Alternate Forms


Test Administration


Test Scoring


Question Scoring Approaches


When in Doubt, Guess


Partial-Credit Scoring


Weighting Questions and Answer Choices


Norm- vs. Criterion-referenced Grading


Summary


References and Resources for Further Reading





Chapter 6: Improving Your Tests


How Difficult Are Your Questions?


How Well Do Your Questions Discriminate?


Is Your Test Reliable?


How Well Did Your Distractors Work?


Technical Qualities of MCQ Variations


Sample Item Analysis


Summary


References and Resources for Further Reading





Section 3: MCQs and Leveraging Technology





Chapter 7: Online Assessment Using MCQs


Variations from Paper-and-Pencil MCQs


Addressing Cheating Concerns


Summary


References and Resources for Further Reading





Chapter 8: Scaling Up


Writing Parallel Questions


Item Shells


Using Item Analysis Information


Using Technology to Select and Deliver Item Pools


Summary


References and Resources for Further Reading





Chapter 9: The Power of Immediate Feedback


Targeted and Timely Feedback


When to Give Feedback


Data-Based Decision-Making


Summary


References and Resources for Further Reading





Chapter 10: Technology in the Classroom


Clickers and MCQs


Team-Based Learning


Peer Learning Technologies


Summary


References and Resources for Further Reading





Section 4: Teaching and Learning through Multiple-Choice Questions





Chapter 11: Before the Test


Generic Assessment Information


Studying (for the Test)


Using the Test Blueprint.


Practice Makes Perfect.


Preparing for the Test


Summary


References and Resources for Further Reading





Chapter 12: How to Get Students to Think During a Test


You always have options.


Process or Product?


Add-ons


Variations and Elaborations


The Group Test


Summary


References and Resources for Further Reading





Chapter 13: After the Test


Mastery Opportunity


Variations on the Mastery Opportunity


The Graded Exam Activity


Handing Back Exams Activity


Exam Wrappers


Why This Isn't Extra Credit


Summary


The End of the Beginning


References and Resources for Further Reading
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About Dawn Zimmaro

Jay Parkes is Professor of Educational Psychology in the College of Education at the University of New Mexico, USA.





Dawn Zimmaro is Director of Learning Design and Assessment at the Open Learning Initiative at Stanford University, USA.
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