The Leading Facts of American History Volume 1

The Leading Facts of American History Volume 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1899 edition. Excerpt: Lowell's " Biglow Papers" (First Series). 1848. DISCOVERY OF GOLD. 269 The fall of the city of Mexico practically ended the war, which had lasted less than two years. It is, perhaps, the only war recorded in history in which all the victories were on one side; for our troops gained every battle, and gained it in every instance against a larger force. By a treaty of peace signed early in 1848 we obtained the territory of California and New Mexico, with undisputed possession of Texas--or in all, nearly a million of square miles.1 While the war was going on, Congressman Wilmot, a Pennsylvania Democrat, endeavored to get a bill passed, called the "Wilmot Proviso," prohibiting slavery in any part of the territory acquired from Mexico; but the bill failed to become law. Many of the Democrats who voted for it afterward united with a part of the Whigs and with anti-slavery men, to form a new party called the "Free Soilers"---later (1856) they became the Republican party. Another result of the war was that it educated many of the officers who fought in it, or were connected with it (such men as Grant, Lee, Sherman, and "Stonewall" Jackson) for the battle-fields of the Civil War.2 293. Discovery of Gold in California At the close of the Mexican War Colonel Mason was left in charge of California as military governor, and William T. Sherman--since, General Sherman--acted as one of his chief officers. In the spring of 1848 two men came to the governor's headquarters at Monterey,8 and asked to see him. They were shown into his office. Presently Colonel Mason called to Sherman to come in. On the table were several little papers containing small bits of yellowish metal. "What is that?" said the governor to...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 188 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 10mm | 345g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • Illustrations, black and white
  • 1236613686
  • 9781236613684