A Latin Grammar

A Latin Grammar

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1875 edition. Excerpt: ...clauses, viz.: --a. Independent Clauses. 1. In independent clauses, the subjunctive is used to denote an Exhortation or Command (hortatory subjunctive); a Wish (optative subjunctive); a Concession (concessive subjunctive); or a Doubtful Question (dubitative subjunctive). 2. It is also used to denote the conclusion of a Conditional sentence (apodosis), which is, grammatically, an independent clause, though logically depending on a condition expressed or implied (see 59, 60). b. Dependent Clauses. In dependent clauses, the subjunctive is used to denote a Purpose ( 64), or a Result ( 65). It is used, idiomatically, in Temporal Clauses ( 62), in Indirect Discourse ( 67), in Indirect Questions (id.), and in Intermediate Clauses ( 66); also in Conditions future or contrary to fact. For Subjunctive after Particles of Comparison, see 61. For the so-called Subjunctive of Cause, see 63. Note.--The Present Subjunctive contains two distinct forms, --the Subjunctive and Optative of the "Indo-European" tongue. Both these forms had originally a. future meaning; and from these future meanings all the uses of this mood in Latin are developed. The subjunctive proper was originally a Present, denoting continued action, which became Future in sense (compare conative present and present for future, 58, 2, 6); and afterwards, in many uses, Imperative (compare future for imperative). The optative contains, in composition, a past tense of the root i (whence eo, dpi, go); so that it had afutumm in prmterito meaning, which developed into a conditional future, and into an expression of wish and command; and, in Latin, lost its connection with past time. The other tenses of the Subjunctive are compounds...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 102 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 5mm | 195g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236652495
  • 9781236652492