Excerpt from The Lake Regions of Central Africa
The map of the geographer Ptolemy (in the sec ond century) represents the Nile as ﬂowing from two large lakes, lying on and extending to the southward of the equator. This map, which was published in Rome in 1508, and is partly included in the chart Of Africa given in Purchas's Pil grims, is incorrect in many details, but the correctness of its main features has been verified by the latest discoveries. The Moun tains of the Moon, which Ptolemy places be tween these lakes and the Indian Ocean, were long supposed to be a myth; but the discovery Of those mountains, and the tableland of Unia-mezi, (the Land of the Moon, ) preceded that of the lakes lying beyond, and the connection of the Nile with the lakes followed, completely verifying the re port oi the Old Egyptian geographer.
Rumors of large lakes, lying in the interior of Equatorial Africa, were first received, in modern times, through the Portuguese. The existence of Lake N yassa, for instance, was well known long be fore it had been visited by any European traveller, and many maps of Africa, published in the early part of the present century, contain a conjectured outline of it, (usually much larger than the reality, ) under the name of Maravi - a name which really belongs to the tableland to the westward of it.
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