Knowing and the Mystique of Logic and Rules

Knowing and the Mystique of Logic and Rules : including True Statements in Knowing and Action * Computer Modelling of Human Knowing Activity * Coherent Description as the Core of Scholarship and Science

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Human knowing is examined as it emerges from classical empirical psychology, with its ramifications into language, computing, science, and scholarship. While the discussion takes empirical support from a wide range, claims for the significance of logic and rules are challenged throughout. Highlights of the discussion:

knowing is a matter of habits or dispositions that guide the person's stream of consciousness;
rules of language have no significance in language production and understanding, being descriptions of linguistic styles;
statements that may be true or false enter into ordinary linguistic activity, not as elements of messages, but merely as summaries of situations, with a view to action;
in computer programming the significance of logic, proof, and formalized description, is incidental and subject to the programmer's personality;
analysis of computer modelling of the mental activity shows that in describing human knowing the computer is irrelevant;
in accounting for the scholarly/scientific activity, logic and rules are impotent;
a novel theory: scholarship and science have coherent descriptions as their core.

The discussion addresses questions that are basic to advanced applications of computers and to students of language and science.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 368 pages
  • 154.9 x 236.2 x 27.9mm | 657.72g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • 1995 ed.
  • XII, 368 p.
  • 0792336801
  • 9780792336808

Table of contents

1.1. William James's Psychology of Knowing.- 1.2. Bertrand Russell on Knowing.- 1.3. J. L. Austin on How One Knows.- 1.4. Gilbert Ryle on Knowing.- 1.5. Summary on the Psychology of Knowing.- 2.1. Rules and Regularity in Language.- 2.2. Rules and Regularity in Musical Composition.- 2.3. Language Production and Understanding.- 2.4. True Statements in Knowing and Action.- 3.1. Three Notions of Proof.- 3.2. Proof Versus Formalization.- 3.3. Personal Style in Program Description and Understanding.- 3.4. Computer Modelling of Human Knowing Activity.- 4.1. The Structure of DNA: Knowing in Biological Discovery.- 4.2. Why the Sun Shines: Coherence and Models in Scientific Description.- 4.3. Aberration in Special Relativity: A Case of Chronic Scientific Confusion.- 4.4. The Metaphysics of Constructed Models.- 4.5. Logic and Psychology of the Scientific Activity.- 4.6. Coherent Description as the Core of Scholarship and Science.- References.
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