The Knotted Subject

The Knotted Subject : Hysteria and Its Discontents

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Description

Surrealist writer Andre Breton praised hysteria for being the greatest poetic discovery of the nineteenth century, but many physicians have since viewed it as the "wastebasket of medicine," a psychosomatic state that defies attempts at definition and cure and that can be easily mistaken for other pathological conditions. In light of a resurgence of critical interest in hysteria, leading feminist scholar Elisabeth Bronfen reinvestigates medical writings and cultural performance to reveal the continued relevance of a disorder widely thought to be a romantic formulation of the past. Through a critical rereading, she develops a new concept of hysteria, one that challenges traditional gender-based theories linking it to dissatisfied feminine sexual desire. Bronfen turns instead to hysteria's traumatic causes, particularly the fear of violation, and shows how the conversion of psychic anguish into somatic symptoms can be interpreted today as the enactment of personal and cultural discontent.
Tracing the development of cultural formations of hysteria from the 1800s to the present, this book explores the writings of Freud, Charcot, and Janet together with fictional texts (Radcliffe, Stoker, Anne Sexton), opera (Mozart, Wagner), cinema (Cronenberg, Hitchcock, Woody Allen), and visual art (Marie-Ange Guilleminot, Cindy Sherman). Each of these creative works attests to a particular relationship between hysteria and self-fashioning, and enables us to read hysteria quite literally as a language of discontent. The message broadcasted by the hysteric is one of vulnerability: vulnerability of the symbolic, of identity, and of the human body itself. Throughout this work, Bronfen not only offers fresh approaches to understanding hysteria in our culture, but also introduces a new metaphor to serve as a theoretical tool. Whereas the phallus has long dominated psychoanalytical discourse, the image of the navel--a knotted originary wound common to both genders--facilitates discussion of topics relevant to hysteria, such as trauma, mortality, and infinity.
Bronfen's insights make for a lively, innovative work sure to interest readers across the fields of art and literature, feminism, and psychology. Originally published in 1998. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 490 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 25.15mm | 680g
  • New Jersey, United States
  • English
  • 20 halftones 5 line illus.
  • 0691608377
  • 9780691608372
  • 2,814,886

Back cover copy

"A brilliant volume.... [Bronfen's] readings are always surprising and are based on a comprehensive knowledge of the historical evolution of the meaning of hysteria."--Sander L. Gilman, University of Chicago
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Table of contents

PrefaceAcknowledgmentsPt. 1The Hysterical Subject of Theory1Introduction: Navel Inversions3Ch. 1The Navel of Sigmund Freud's Inaugural Dream53Pt. 2History's Hysterias99Ch. 2Medicine's Hysteria Romance: Is It History or Legend?101Ch. 3Gothic Hysterics: Ann Radcliffe's The Romance of the Forest139Ch. 4Jean-Martin Charcot's Vampires174Pt. 3Hysteria's Case Histories241Ch. 5Turnings of Nostalgia: Sigmund Freud, Karl Jaspers, Pierre Janet243Ch. 6Anne Sexton's Business of Writing Suicide290Ch. 7"You Freud, Me Jane": Alfred Hitchcock's Marnie, the Case History Revisited332Pt. 4Performing Hysteria379Ch. 8A Womb of One's Own, or the Strange Case of David Cronenberg381Ch. 9Beyond Hysteria: Cindy Sherman's Private Theater of Horror409Notes433Bibliography451Index467
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Review quote

Honorable Mention for the 1999 Barbara Perkins and Geroge Perkins Award of the Society for the Study of Narrative Literature
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Rating details

20 ratings
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4 35% (7)
3 10% (2)
2 20% (4)
1 10% (2)
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