The Klamath Indians of Southwestern Oregon

The Klamath Indians of Southwestern Oregon

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1891 edition. Excerpt: ...pronoun of the third person, now extant only in its plural form: sha they, shash them, to them, sham of-them. Its original meaning seems to have been reflective, oneself, like that of Latin sui, sibi, se, because all-, s-, places the verb into relation with its logical or grammatical subject; the idea expressed by the verb may be said to revert or to be turned upon the subject of the verb and centering in it. This medial function will appear more clearly in the following examples, made up of transitive as well as of intransitive verbs: sha-ishi to keep as a secret; from afshi to hide. sjte'na to row a boat; from gdna to proceed. she'ka to squeal, whine; from ye'ka to howl, cry. skfntchna to crawl, creep; from klntchna to walk in single file. shufna to sing solo; from wina to sing. ska' to blow strong, said of winds; from ka-a strongly. spftcha to go out (fire); from pftcha to extinguish. shipapglankshtant against each other; from pipglangsta on two sidea. Some of the medial verbs now extant make us presuppose a veibal base from which they are derived, but which exists no longer in the language as a verb; cf. ska'. Others have changed their prefix sh-, s-into tch-, ts-, especially in the Modoc dialect. In the majority of medial verbs the mode of derivation observed is that of vocalic anathesis, a phonetic process spoken of previously. The medial function does not always remain such in all the verbs formed by the medial prefix, but easily turns into (a) a reflective one when the subject of the verb is also its object: she-ala to name, call oneself; or (V) when the object is a person or other animate being, a reciprocal verb may result: samtchatka to understand each other; or (c) the medial verb turns into a causative verb when the verbal...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 264 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 14mm | 476g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236743725
  • 9781236743725

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