King Cotton; A Historical and Statistical Review, 1790 to 1908
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1908 edition. Excerpt: ...New Orleans, its chief cargo to New Orleans consisting of cotton. The crop for the first time exceeded 300,000 bales. 1838.--The cotton crop of North Alabama was estimated at 80,000 bales, and that of South Alabama at 250,000 bales, averaging 450 pounds each. The Tuscaloosa Manufacturing Co., owned a cotton mill at Scottsville in Bibb County, the capacity of which was increased from 500 to 700 spindles. It employed 20 hands, and one of the principal owners was D. Scott. The crop was seriously injured by drought and the cotton worm. An improved variety of cotton discovered at this time was described as growing much taller than the common plant, having a number of short lateral branches, only 4 or 5 inches in length and bearing twin pods or clusters of 6 to 7 pods on each branch. It was said to be finer than other short staples, commanded 4 or 5 cents more, and was more prolific. The plant was said to resemble okra, and in rich land grew to a height of 8 or 9 feet. A canal was constructed along the Muscle Shoals of the Tennessee river, and opened this year. The following year from 30,000 to 40,000 bales of cotton passed through it on the way to New Orleans. 1839--It cost the planter $12.15 to market a 420-pound bale of cotton at Mobile this year, and this did not include insurance. It cost $6.00 additional to land the cotton at Liverpool, making the total cost on both sides $18.15. According to the Census there were 14 cotton mills in the State operating 1,502 spindles. During the decade 1830-1840 the smallest receipts at Mobile were 17,216 bales in 1831, and the largest 76,458 bales in 1840.--Dr. N. B. Cloud, of Montgomery county, witnessing the injury to the cotton lands as a result of the common methods of culture, began a series of...
- 189 x 246 x 5mm | 177g
- 13 Sep 2013
- Illustrations, black and white