Justice : A Reader
Justice brings together in one indispensable volume essential readings on justice and moral reasoning. With readings from major thinkers from the classical era up to the present, the collection provides a thematic overview of the concept of justice. Moreover, Sandel's organization of the readings and his own commentaries allow readers to engage with a variety of pressing contemporary issues. Looking at a host of ethical dilemmas, including affirmative action, conscription, income distribution, and gay rights, from a variety of angles-morally, legally, politically-the collection engages with the core concerns of political philosophy: individual rights and the claims of community, equality and inequality, morality and law, and ultimately, justice. With concise section introductions that put the readings in context, this anthology is an invaluable tool for students, teachers, and anyone who wishes to engage in the great moral debates that have animated politics from classical times to our own.
- Hardback | 432 pages
- 182.88 x 251.46 x 33.02mm | 907.18g
- 27 Sep 2007
- Oxford University Press Inc
- New York, United States
- black & white illustrations
Michael Sandel is one of the most popular and influential college professors in America. For more than twenty years, hundreds of students at a time have packed into a Harvard University lecture hall to hear his discourses on justice; and hundreds have streamed out feeling a surprisingly personal connection with their gifted teacher. This book reveals Sandel's secret recipe for enthralling students with timeless questions of law, justice, and morality in a decidedly contemporary context. Anita L. Allen, Professor of Philosophy and Henry R. Silverman Professor of Law, University of Pennsylvania Law School This thoughtful, stimulating, and convenient collection brings a range of classic moral and political philosophers from Aristotle to John Stuart Mill This outstanding collection successfully blends historical and contemporary thought, on issues of theoretical and practical importance, to illuminate the main problems of justice. It is accessible to undergraduates in philosophy, with breadth and depth enough to engage the experienced philosophical reader hoping to rethink some central debates. Michele Moody-Adams, Director and Hutchinson Professor of Ethics and Public Life, Cornell University
About Michael J. Sandel
Michael J. Sandel is the Anne T. and Robert M. Bass Professor of Government at Harvard University, where he has taught political philosophy since 1980. He is the author of numerous books, including Liberalism and the Limits of Justice, Democracy's Discontent, Public Philosophy and most recently, The Case against Perfection: Ethics in the Age of Genetic Engineering.
Table of contents
I. Introduction: Doing the Right Thing ; The Queen v. Dudley and Stephens (1884) (The lifeboat case) ; II. Utilitarianism ; Bentham, Principles of Morals and Legislation, ch. I, IV ; J.S. Mill, utilitarianism ; III. Libertarianism ; Friedman, Free to Choose, ch. 5 ; Nozick, Anarchy, State, and Utopia, pp. 149-64, 167-78 ; Hayek, The Constitution of Liberty, ch. 6 ; IV. Locke: Property Rights ; Locke, Second Treatise of Government, ch. 1-5, 7-11, 18-19 ; V. Markets and Morals: Surrogate Motherhood, Military Service ; Calabresi and Bobbit, Tragic Choices, pp. 158-65 ; McPherson, Battle Cry of Freedom, pp. 600-11 ; Traub, "All Go Down Together" ; In the Matter of Baby 'M' (1987) ; In the Matter of Baby 'M' (1988, N.J. Supreme Court) ; Anderson, "Is Women's Labor a Commodity?" ; VI. Kant: Freedom as Autonomy ; Kant, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals ; Kant, "On the Supposed Right to Lie" ; VII. Rawls: Justice as Fairness ; Rawls, excerpts from A Theory of Justice ; VIII. Distributive Justice: Equality, Entitlement, Merit ; Rawls, excerpts from A Theory of Justice ; Nozick, Anarchy, State, and Utopia, pp. 213-31 ; IX. Affirmative Action: Reverse Discrimination? ; Bernstein, "Racial Discrimination or Righting Past Wrongs?" ; Hopwood v. State of Texas (1996) ; Grutter v. Bollinger (2003) ; Dworkin, "Bakke's Case: Are Quotas Unfair?" ; Morley, "Double Reverse Discrimination" ; Brus, "Proxy War: Liberals Denounce Racial Profiling. Conservatives Denounce Affirmative Action. What's the Difference?" ; X. Aristotle: Justice and Virtue ; Aristotle, The Politics, Bks. I, III (ch. 1-13) ; Aristotle, Nichomachean Ethics, Bks II (ch. 1-3), X (ch. 1-3) ; XI. Ability, Disability, and Discrimination: Cheerleaders and golf carts ; Presley, "A Safety Blitz; Texas Cheerleader Loses Status" ; Sandel, "Honor and Resentment" ; Ryan, "Sorry, Free Rides Not Right" ; Kite, "Keep the PGA on Foot" ; PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin (2000) ; XII. Justice, Community, and Membership ; MacIntyre, After Virtue, ch. 15 ; Sandel, Democracy's Discontent, pp. 7-17 ; Walzer, Spheres of Justice, pp. 6-10, 86-91, 312-314 ; XIII. Moral Argument and Liberal Toleration ; Rawls, Political Liberalism, pp. 3-15, 29-35, 144-58 ; Sandel, "Political Liberalism" ; XIV. Morality and Law: Same-Sex Marriage, For and Against ; Goodridge v. Dept. of Public Health (2003) ; Kinsley, "Abolish Marriage" ; Finnis, "Law, Morality, and 'Sexual Orientation'" ; Macedo, "Homosexuality and the Conservative Mind" ; West, "Universalism, Liberal Theory, and the Problem of Gay Marriage"