Journey into Philosophy
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Journey into Philosophy : An Introduction with Classic and Contemporary Readings

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The overriding rationale behind this book is a desire to enrich the lives of college students by introducing them to the practice of philosophical thought in an accessible and engaging manner. The text has over one hundred classical and contemporary readings that facilitate studying each philosophical issue from a variety of perspectives, giving instructors the opportunity to choose a set of readings that matches the individual needs of each class. It includes many selections by philosophers whose works are often ignored or underrepresented in other introductory texts.


The initial reading, "The Role of Philosophy," is a relevant, clear, and absorbing introduction to the discipline of philosophy. It uses everyday life situations to give students a solid foothold before they journey into specific philosophical topics. In addition, every section of the book has its own special introduction that connects each topic to students' personal lives. The surrounding narrative is designed to be conversational and comprehensible. Special features include a section on the role of logic, and writing a philosophy paper, two useful tools for approaching and analyzing philosophical writing for students who are new to philosophy. The book is accompanied by a companion website (www.routledge.com/cw/Baronett), with many helpful features, including (for students) review questions for all readings in the book, videos, and 66 related entries taken from the student-friendly Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy and (for instructors) 2,500 questions and answers."
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Product details

  • Paperback | 720 pages
  • 178 x 254 x 40.64mm | 1,338g
  • ROUTLEDGE
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 1138936480
  • 9781138936485
  • 1,628,810

Table of contents

Preface








PART ONE Getting Started In Philosophy





The Role Of Philosophy








PART TWO What Do We Know, And How Do We Know It?





Introduction





Plato Knowledge is Recollection


Edited from Meno. Translated by Benjamin Jowett, 1892.





Aristotle A Writing Tablet


Edited from De Anima, Book III, Part 4. Translated by R. D. Hicks, 1907.





Augustine The Possibility of Deception


Edited from City of God, Book XI, Chapter 26. Translated by Rev. Marcus Dods,1866.





Rene Descartes Doubt and Certainty


Edited from Meditations on First Philosophy, Meditations I and II. Translated by John Veitch, 1901.





John Locke Knowledge Derives From Experience


Edited from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, 1690, Introduction, and Book I, Chapter I.





Gottfried Leibniz Deep Inside


Edited from New Essays on Human Understanding. Translated by Alfred Gideox Langley, 1896.





Mary Astell Degrees of Clearness


Edited from A Serious Proposal to the Ladies, 1697, Chapter III.





David Hume Matters of Fact and Relations of Ideas


Edited from An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, 1748, Sections II, IV-V.





Immanuel Kant The Possibility of Experience


Edited from Critique of Pure Reason. Introduction. Translated by J. M. D. Meiklejohn, 1900.





Charles S. Peirce The Nature of Inquiry


Edited from Popular Science Monthly 12, November, 1877.





Helen E. Longino Can There Be A Feminist Science?


From Hypatia, vol. 2, no. 3, 1987. pp 51-64.





Noretta Koertge Wrestling with the Social Constructor


From Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 775, 1995, pp 266-273.





Edmund Gettier Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?


From Analysis 23, 1963, pp 121-123.





Raymond Smullyan An Epistemological Nightmare





Margaret MacDonald Sleeping and Waking


From Mind, Vol. 62, No. 246, 1953, pp 202-215.





John Pollock Just a Brain in a Vat


Edited from Contemporary Theories of Knowledge, Rowman & Littlefield, 1987.





Linda Zagzebski Knowledge and the Motive for Truth


From "Knowledge and the Motive for Truth," reprinted with permission of the author.








PART THREE The Stuff That Dreams Are Made Of





Introduction





Plato The Divided Line and the Cave


Edited from Republic, Books VI-VII. Translated by Benjamin Jowett, 1892.





Aristotle First Principles


Edited from Metaphysics, Books I- II, IV, VII, X, and XII. Translated by W. D. Ross, 1908.





Margaret Cavendish Observations


Edited from Observations Upon Experimental Philosophy, 1666, Sections 1-2, 16, and 20.





John Locke Primary and Secondary Qualities


Edited from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, 1690, Book II, Chapters VIII-IX.





Gottfried Leibniz The Building Blocks of Reality


Edited from The Monadology. Sections 1-20. Translated by Robert Latta, 1898.





George Berkeley To Be is to Be Perceived


Edited from A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge, 1710, Sections 1-41.





David Hume Commit it to the Flames


Edited from An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, 1748, Section XII, Parts 1 and III.





Mary Shepherd Ideas


Edited from Essays on the Perception of an External Universe, 1827, Preface and Chapter 1.





Immanuel Kant Regarding an External World


Edited from Critique of Pure Reason, Preface; Second Division, Book II, Chapter 1.Translated by J. M.


D. Meiklejohn, 1900.





Margaret MacDonald Things and Processes


From Analysis, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1938, pp 1-10.





Martin Heidegger Metaphysics


From Introduction to Metaphysics. Translated by Gregory Fried and Richard Polt, 2000, Chapter 1, pp


1-14.





Hannah Arendt Eternity Versus Immortality


From The Human Condition, 1958, pp 17-21.





Katherine Hawley Science as a Guide to Metaphysics?


From Synthese, 149, 2006, pp 451-470.








PART FOUR God, Or Where Did All This Stuff Come From?





Introduction





4A. Can God's Existence Be Proved Based On Experience?





Introduction





Plato The Beginning of Everything


Edited from Timaeus. Translated by Benjamin Jowett, 1892.





Thomas Aquinas The Five Ways


Edited from Summa Theologica: First Part, Question 2, Article 3. Translated by Fathers of the English


Dominican Province, 1911.





Gottfried Leibniz Sufficient Reason


Edited from The Monadology: Sections 29-36. Translated by Robert Latta, 1898.





George Berkeley The Author of Nature


Edited from A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge, 1710.





William Paley The Watchmaker Argument


Edited from Natural Theology, 1802.





David Hume Against the Watchmaker Argument


Edited from Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, 1779, Parts 2 and 5.








4B. Can God's Existence Be Proved Independent Of Experience?





Introduction





Anselm of Canterbury The Existence of God


Edited from Proslogion, Preface, Chapter II-V. Translated by Sidney N. Deane, 1903.





Rene Descartes The Idea of God


Edited from Meditations on First Philosophy, Meditation V. Translated by John Veitch, 1901.





Anne Conway On God


Edited from The Principles of the Most Ancient and Modern Philosophy, 1692, Chapters I-III.





David Hume Why is There Something Rather Than Nothing?


Edited from Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, 1779, Part 9,





Soeren Kierkegaard God Cannot Be Proven to Exist


Edited from Philosophical Fragments. Translated by David F. Swenson, 1936; translation revised by


Howard V. Hong, Princeton University Press, 1985.





Markus Lammenranta Is Descartes's Reasoning Viciously Circular?


From British Journal for the History of Philosophy. 14 (2) 2006: 323-330.





4C. Why Do Suffering And Evil Exist?





Introduction





George Hayward Joyce The Problem of Evil


Edited from Principles of Natural Theology, 1922: Chapter XVII.





J. L. Mackie Evil and Omnipotence


From Mind, New Series, Vol. 64, No. 254. Apr., 1955, pp 200-212.





Keith Parsons A Simple Statement of the Problem of Evil


Edited from The Secular Web, 2011.





4D. Belief





Introduction





Blaise Pascal The Wager


Edited from The Thoughts of Blaise Pascal, Translated by Charles Kegan Paul, 1901.





Damaris Cudworth Masham A Natural Inscription


Edited from Occasional Thoughts, 1705.





Friedrich Nietzsche God is Dead


Edited from The Gay Science. Translated by Thomas Common, 1910.





William. K. Clifford The Ethics of Belief


Edited from Contemporary Review, 1876.





William James The Will to Believe


Edited from New World, June, 1896.


PART FIVE Who, What, Where, And When Am I?





Introduction





5A. What Is Mind? No Matter. What Is Matter? Never Mind





Introduction





Rene Descartes Mind and Body


Edited from Meditations on First Philosophy: Meditation VI. Translated by John Veitch, 1901.





Margaret Cavendish A Double Perception


Edited from Philosophical Letters, 1664, Letters 35-37.





Anne Conway One and the Same Thing


Edited from The Principles of the Most Ancient and Modern Philosophy, 1692, Chapters VI-VII and IX.





Lisa Shapiro The Correspondence


From "Princess Elizabeth and Descartes: The Union of Soul and Body and the Practice of Philosophy,"


British Journal for the History of Philosophy, 7:3, 1999, pp 503-520.





5B. Consciousness





Introduction





William James Does Consciousness Exist?


Edited from Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, 1904.





Thomas Nagel What is it Like to Be a Bat?


From The Philosophical Review, LXXXIII, 4, October 1974, pp 435-450.





Patricia Smith Churchland The Hornswoggle Problem


From the Journal of Consciousness Studies, 3, 1996, pp 402-8.





Max Velmans How to Define Consciousness-and How Not to Define Consciousness


From the Journal of Consciousness Studies, 16 (5), 2009, pp 139-156.








5C. Personal Identity





Introduction





John Locke Identity and Diversity


Edited from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, 1690, Book II, Chapter XXVII.





David Hume I Am a Bundle of Perceptions


Edited from A Treatise of Human Nature, 1777, Vol. I, Book I, Part IV, Section VI.


Bernard Williams The Self and the Future


From The Philosophical Review, Vol. 79, No. 2, 1970, pp 161-180.





J. David Velleman So It Goes


From The Amherst Lecture in Philosophy 1, 2006, pp 1-23.








PART SIX Free Will And Determinism





Introduction





John Locke Free Agents


Edited from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, 1690, Book II, Chapter XXI.





Baruch Spinoza Everything Happens Out of Necessity


Edited from Ethics, Part II, Proposition XLVIII. Translated by R.H.M. Elwes, 1883.





Paul-Henri d'Holbach A Series of Necessary Moments


Edited from The System of Nature, Chapter XI. Translated by H. D. Robinson, 1868.





Jean-Paul Sartre Condemned to Be Free


Edited from Existentialism is a Humanism. Lecture given in 1945, World Publishing Company, 1956.





Richard Taylor I Can


From The Philosophical Review, Vol. 69, No. 1, January, 1960, pp 78-89.





Raymond Smullyan Take My Free Will, Please!


From "Is God a Taoist?"





Philippa Foot Free Will as Involving Determinism


From The Philosophical Review, Vol. 66, No. 4, October, 1957, pp 439-450.








PART SEVEN The Good And The Bad





Introduction





7A. Morality





Introduction





Plato Why Should We Be Good?


Edited from Republic, Books II and IX. Translated by Benjamin Jowett, 1892.





Aristotle Virtues


Edited from Nicomachean Ethics, Books I and II. Translated by W. D. Ross, 1908.





David Hume Morality is Determined by Sentiment


Edited from An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals, 1777, Section I and Appendix I.





Immanuel Kant Duty


Edited from The Metaphysical Elements of Ethics, Introduction. Translated by Thomas Kingsmill


Abbott, 1909.





John Stuart Mill The Principle of Utility


Edited from Utilitarianism, 1861, Chapters II and IV.





Friedrich Nietzsche A Free Spirit


Edited from Beyond Good and Evil, Chapter II. Translated by Helen Zimmern, 1913.





Thomas H. Huxley Evolution and Ethics


Edited from The Romanes Lecture, 1893.





Rosalind Hursthouse Virtue Ethics


From The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Fall 2013 Edition.





David B. Wong Moral Relativism


From Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.





7B. Applied Ethics





Introduction





James Rachels Active and Passive Euthanasia


From The New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 292, January 9, 1975, pp 78-80.





Judith Jarvis Thomson A Defense of Abortion


From Philosophy & Public Affairs, Vol. 1, no. 1, Fall 1971, pp 47-66.





Don Marquis Why Abortion Is Immoral


From Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 86, April, 1989, pp 183-202.





Peter Singer Famine, Affluence and Morality


From Philosophy and Public Affairs, Vol. 1, no. 3, Spring, 1972, pp 229-243.





John Harris The Survival Lottery


From Philosophy, Vol. 50, (191), 1975, pp 81-87.





Richard Hanley A Wolf in Sheep's Cloning?


From Monash Bioethics Review, 18.1, 1999, 59-62.








PART EIGHT Failure To Communicate: Political And Social Philosophy





Introduction


Plato Should I Obey the Laws?


Edited from Crito. Translated by Benjamin Jowett, 1892.





Aristotle A Political Animal


Edited from Politics, Book I, Parts I, II and IX. Translated by Benjamin Jowett, 1885.





Thomas Hobbes Solitary, Poor, Nasty, Brutish, and Short


Edited from Leviathan, 1651, Chapters XIII-XV, and XVII.





John Locke For the Good of the People


Edited from Second Treatise of Civil Government, 1689, Chapters VII, IX, and XIX.





Catharine Macaulay Observations on Revolution


Edited from Observations on the Reflections of the Right Hon. Edmund Burke, on the Revolution in


France, 1791.





John Stuart Mill Liberty


Edited from On Liberty, 1859, Chapter I.





Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels Workers of the World, Unite!


Edited from Manifesto of the Communist Party, 1888, Chapters I, II, and IV.





John Dewey Democratic Habits of Thought and Action


Edited from "Democracy and Educational Administration," School and Society, 45, April 3, 1937), pp


457-467.





Mary Wollstonecraft A Vindication of the Rights of Woman


Edited from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, 1792, Chapter 13.





Karen Green Parity and Procedural Justice


From Essays in Philosophy, Volume 7, Issue 1, Article 4, 2006.





Richard Rorty Love And Money


From Common Knowledge, Vol 1, No. 1, Spring, 1992, pp 12-16.





Kwame Anthony Appiah Identity: Political not Cultural


From Field Work: Sites in Literary and Cultural Studies, Marjorie Garber, Rebecca L. Walkowitz,


Paul B. Franklin (eds), New York, Routledge, 1997, pp 34-40.





PART NINE I Know It When I See It: Art And Aesthetics





Introduction





Aristotle Tragedy


Edited from Poetics, Section 1, Parts VI-IX, and XXIV-XXV. Translated by S. H. Butcher, 1895.





Henri Bergson An Animal Which Laughs, and is Laughed At


Edited from Laughter, Chapter I. Translated by Cloudesley Brereton and Fred Rothwell, 1914.


George Santayana A Pledge of the Possible


Edited from The Sense of Beauty, 1896.





Arthur Schopenhauer Art Takes Away the Mist


From The World as Will and Idea, Vol. III, Chapter XXXIV. Translated by R. B. Haldane, and J.


Kemp, 1909.





Amie L. Thomasson Ontological Innovation in Art


From the Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 68/2, 2010, pp 119-130.








PART TEN Does Life Have Any Meaning?





Introduction





Epicurus In Waking or in Dream


Edited from Stoic and Epicurean. Translated by Robert Drew Hicks, 1910.





Arthur Schopenhauer The Vanity of Existence


Edited from Essays of Arthur Schopenhauer. Translated by T. Bailey Saunders, 1902.





Soeren Kierkegaard What Then Would Life Be?


Edited from Fear and Trembling. Translated by Walter Lowrie, Princeton University Press, 1941.





Thomas Nagel The Absurd


From The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 68, No. 20, 1971, pp 716-727.





Richard Taylor The Meaning of Life


From Good and Evil, Prometheus Books, Amherst, NY, 2000.





Susan Wolf The Meanings of Lives


From "The Meanings of Lives," reprinted with permission of the author.





Brooke Alan Trisel Intended and Unintended Life


From The Philosophical Forum, 2012, Vol. 43 (4), pp 395-403.








EPILOGUE





Bertrand Russell The Value of Philosophy


Edited from The Problems of Philosophy, 1912, Chapter XV.





Appendix 1 The Role Of Logic





Appendix 2 A Guide To Writing Philosophy Papers





Glossary
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Review quote

"This looks like an exciting new text for beginning Philosophy students. Exciting because it includes in its readings some unique selections from philosophers who rarely make it into these texts but who offer startling insights that fill in the evolving picture of how philosophy started then and has developed up to now. A very nice mixture of these philosophers are women whom we know were significant but who have been given short shrift by traditional philosophy. This is also a very meaty book with lots of selections to choose from."
--William S. Jamison, University of Alaska, Anchorage





"I appreciate the care and thoughtfulness with which Baronett has put together the introductions. They do a lot more, in my opinion, to engage the student-reader than the introductions that I find in other similar textbooks, in which they tend to be written with jargon and abstruse terms, which Baronett avoids . . . . Overall, Journey into Philosophy would work exceptionally well, in my opinion, for philosophy departments in which the introductory course is also a history of philosophy course. Having said that, I imagine there could very well be instructors who might find the book useful also for a problems-based introductory course."


--Seung-Kee Lee, Drew University





"I like this book for use in an introductory philosophy course. It is engaging, accessible, and contains an appropriate selection of readings that nicely integrate to give students a comprehensive introduction to basic philosophical problems. The readings address key topics such as knowledge, existence, God, mind/body, consciousness, free will and determinism, ethics, politics, aesthetics, etc. Within each topic, the selected readings nicely balance classic and contemporary texts."


--Corinne Bloch-Mullins, Marquette University
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About Stan Baronett

Stan Baronett is also the author of Logic, 3rd Edition (2015).
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