The Journal of the Royal Historical and Archaeological Association of Ireland Volume 1

The Journal of the Royal Historical and Archaeological Association of Ireland Volume 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1878 edition. Excerpt: ...seized, and converted into fuel by such visitors. From cleanly cut sections, made by the excavations in various parts of the island, a very distinct idea of the internal construction of the work was obtainable. (See Fig. 4 in the Plate). The old crannog builders appear to have selected a natural shoal in the loch as the scene of their operations. This shoal consists of marl, covered by a streak of whiteish sand, about four inches in depth. Over the sand, to a height of six or eight inches, was a stratum of yellowish clay, which supported unhewn logs of oak and birch, together with an immense quantity of small branches, twigs, brambles, small pebbles, &c., &c., compressed into a peatlike mass, about two feet thick. These are covered by about two feet of earth, containing here and there layers of burnt clay and 8tones. This clay is mixed all through with bones of animals, mostly greatly broken; articles of early manufacture, of which I shall have to speak hereafter; slag, or dross of iron; charcoal, and rough stones, some of very large size, flat upon the upper surface; and which, amongst a rude people, would very well have answered for seats. The surface of the island is still, in many parts, covered with flat stones of considerable size. Stakes, larger than those which formed the outer circle, but in every other respect of the same character, were found here and there, even in the highest and most central portions of the crannog. They were probably designed to stay and prop the work together, as their points are deeply embedded in the marl, which formed the bottom of the Loch. It was impossible to procure any perfect specimens of these supports, as the wood, through saturation and rottenness, was about as soft as cheese, and broke short off on...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 278 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 15mm | 499g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236662261
  • 9781236662262