The Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science Volume 33

The Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science Volume 33

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1915 edition. Excerpt: ...Gas and Steam Fitters' Journal, June, 1908, p. 8. 10 Ibid., December, 1908, p. 10. a blacksmith, or a machinist meant a definite thing; but now, to be classed as a member of any one of these trades may mean being engaged at any one of many occupations into which each of these trades is divided. For instance, nearly a page in the constitution of the Boiler Makers is devoted to an enumeration of the work falling within the jurisdiction of the Boiler Makers,11 yet it is a significant fact that a boiler maker usually devotes his time to one, or at least to a very few, of these enumerated occupations. Even if there were in ordinary times no desire on the part of the employers either to promote helpers or to have them undertake work claimed by mechanics, their presence at certain seasons is likely to prove a menace to the welfare of the journeymen. In times both of slack trade and of trouble with employers the substitution of helpers for mechanics is a standard grievance. "When the times get slack," said the president of the United Plumbers, "they the employers are laying off the journeymen and keeping the boys."12 Instances where helpers took the place of journeymen during strikes are numerous. For example, when Local Union Number 24 of the International Association of Marble Workers went on strike in 1907, the places were taken by the helpers,18 even though these helpers were members of the international association. The desire of helpers to do advanced work when an opportunity presents itself is hard to overcome, and this makes it more difficult for the mechanics to enforce their demands. Two general policies have been followed by organized journeymen in their endeavors either to mitigate or to eradicate the more

Product details

  • Paperback | 202 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 11mm | 372g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236959566
  • 9781236959560