The Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science Volume . 10

The Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science Volume . 10

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1892 edition. Excerpt: ...was internal in its origin. It was precipitated by the General Assembly, and was the crystallization of the wishes and desires of a very large and respectable part of the colonists themselves. It represented their spontaneous effort to return to the order of things to which they had been accustomed in their former homes in Virginia and England. As the first struggle for the Establishment came from within, o the second struggle came from without, and was more reprehensible than the first in proportion as external influence was brought to bear in fixing the Church of England as the State Church upon a large body of Dissenters who had demanded freedom of religion before settling in the province. These Dissenters seem to have regarded the Church as provided for in the charter of the Proprietors as a theory merely, never likely to be realized as a condition; and it soon became apparent that the exhaustive provisions of the Fundamental Constitutions could never be executed in a country as free as Carolina. Up to the time when the Act of 1701 was passed North Carolina had enjoyed practically absolute freedom of conscience although theoretically under an Establishment. The effort to realize this theory threw all the Dissenters into a single compact body of opponents. This body was composed of Scotch Presbyterians, Dutch Lutherans, French Calvinists, Irish Catholics and American Quakers.1 It was not the tax, paltry in itself, against which these men were fighting, it 1 Martin, History of North Carolina, I., 218. was the principle involved. The power to tax implies the power to destroy, and, if the Dissenters were to admit this authority, the liberty which they had enjoyed for a quarter of a century was at an end. It was not the amount of more

Product details

  • Paperback | 216 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 12mm | 395g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236834798
  • 9781236834799