The Jewish Encyclopedia; A Descriptive Record of the History, Religion, Literature, and Customs of the Jewish People from the Earliest Times to the Present Day Volume 11

The Jewish Encyclopedia; A Descriptive Record of the History, Religion, Literature, and Customs of the Jewish People from the Earliest Times to the Present Day Volume 11

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1907 edition. Excerpt: ...the business of money-lending. The growth of the communities of Silesia consequent upon the constant influx of German Jews aroused the displeasure of the ecclesiastical authorities. A provincial synod held in Breslau Feb. 9, 1267, accordingly issued strict enactments against the Jews, of which the following are especially noteworthy: (1) Jews and Christians were forbidden to associate at the dance-halls, in the inns, or at the baths; (2) Jews were enjoined to wear a special cap when appearing in public; (3) a ditch or a fence was to separate the dwelling of a Jew from that of his Christian neighbor; (4) Christian nurses or day-laborers were forbidden to stay at night with their Jewish employers; (5) Jews were prohibited from dealing in provisions, especially in meat, "in order that they might not poison their Christian customers "; (6) J cws were ordered to keep their doors and windows closed on the occasion of every Christian procession; (7) only one Jewish house of worship was allowed in each town. These laws, however, were not long to remain valid, for when Duke Henry IV. succeeded to the rulersliip, he issued (1270) an order regulating the status of the Jews which closely followed one Silesia issued for Poland by Ladislaus--itself copied from the Austrian privilege of 1244--and which contained the following chief clauses: (1) in legal matters the Jews shall be under the sole jurisdiction of the duke; (2) their vocations shall include only the trade in money. and the lending of money on pledges, notes, deeds, and live stock; (3) they The Privi-shall be assured of safety for their legs persons, and their movable property of 1270. shall be secure to them; (4) they shall be accorded the same treatment as other subjects; (5)...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 574 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 29mm | 1,012g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236932110
  • 9781236932112