Foreword. Introduction; K. Hoshino. Japanese and Western Bioethics: Studies in Moral Diversity; H.T. Engelhardt. Part I: Ethical Universality and Cultural Particularity. Bioethics in the Light of Japanese Sentiments; K. Hoshino. Comparative Studies: Japan and America; T.L. Beauchamp. Nursing Perspectives in Bioethics; J. Hinson Penticuff. The Characteristics of Japanese Concepts and Attitudes with Regard to Human Remains; E. Namihira. Part II: Traditions, Authorities and Ambiguities. Technology, Authority and the Loss of Tradition: The Roots of American Bioethics in Comparison with Japanese Bioethics; G.P. McKenny. Sanctity of Life: A Study in Ambiguity and Confusion; K.Wm. Wildes, S.J. Quality of Life Decisions and the Hopelessly Ill Patient: The Physician as Moral Agent and Truth Teller; E.W. Keyserlingk. Part III: Death, Life, and Well-Being. Autonomy and Communitarianism: The Ethics of Terminal Care in Cross-Cultural Perspective; R.M. Veatch. A Thought on Terminal Care in Japan; F. Yamazaki. Medical Futility: Philosophical Reflections on Death; B. Brody. Facing Death the Japanese Way - Customs and Ethos; S. Hinohara. Ethos and its Changes: A Commentary on Facing Death the Japanese Way - Customs and Ethos; G. Ohi. The Concept of Happiness in Oriental Thought and its Significance in Clinical Medicine; A. Akabayashi. Part IV: The Human Genome: Taboos and Moral Intuitions. The Normative Status of the Human Genome; A European Perspective; K. Bayertz. Moral Puzzles Concerning the Human Genome: Western Taboos, Intuitions, and Beliefs at the End of the Christian Era; H.T. Engelhardt. Part V: Cross Cultural Diversity and Post-Traditional Morality. Three Levels of Problems in Cross-Cultural Explorations of Bioethics: A Methodological Approach; R. Fan. Moral Strangers: A Humanity that Does Not Bind; M.J. Cherry. Notes on Contributors. Index.