Italy in the Nineteenth Century; And the Making of Austria-Hungary and Germany
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1907 edition. Excerpt: ...smaller duchies, Emilia. Romagna was the most northerly, with its five cities, Ravenna, Forli, Imola, Faenza, and Rimini. Then there were the Marches, of which the chief towns were Ancona and Perugia; and south of the Marches lay what was called the Patrimony of St. Peter. The temporal power of the popes had been of gradual growth, having no connection with their spiritual power, whether we consider them as bishops of Rome, or heads of the Roman branch of the Catholic and Apostolic Church. The city of Rome, until the middle of the fourteenth century, belonged to the Empire, and was only the residence of the popes. The first actual territorial possession of the pontiffs was the exarchate of Ravenna, presented to Pope Stephen III. by King Pepin, who had won it from the Lombards. The gift was confirmed by Charlemagne, who added to it two provinces, Perugia and Spoleto. The popes, having thus become temporal Italian princes, were desirous of increasing their dominions. Henry III. of Germany added another duchy to their provinces, and, A. n. 1 1 1 5, Matilda, Countess of Tuscany, made them that gift since called St. Peter's Patrimony, so lamented by Dante. Still, Rome was theirs only by sufferance; their episcopal residence not their rightful possession till the middle of the fourteenth century, when it changed masters, being tor n from the Emperor by a revolution. In 1532, Clement VII. gained the Marches of Ancona, and in 1626 the duchy of Urbino, which had belonged to the family of Pope Julius II., was annexed to the Holy See. The last additions to the Papal States were made about 168o. Pope Paul III. had owned two provinces, which he gave to the Duke of Parma; but one of the Duke's descendants pawned them, and, being unable...
- 189 x 246 x 8mm | 268g
- 13 Sep 2013
- United States
- black & white illustrations