Islamic Ethics

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There is no specific Arabic term for the Greek notion of 'Ethics'. Two Arabic words are usually used in relation to 'morality' or 'ethics' in the Islamic tradition: 'akhlaq' and 'adab'. Both are referring to principles, defining what is good and what is bad, as well as determining the objectives and goals of actions. They are also related to good behaviour, good manners and characters. As such Islamic ethics is related to four different fields : law, philosophy, mysticism and sciences (human and experimental). Islamic ethics has become a critical field within contemporary Islamic studies as it is at the crossroads of all the internal debates between the Islamic trends (literalists, traditionalists, reformists, sufis, rationalists, etc.). Islamic ethics is also an important discipline for Muslim scholars to show that they have the accurate theological and philosophical means to address contemporary scientific more

Product details

  • Book | 1600 pages
  • 156 x 234mm
  • Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 1138848166
  • 9781138848160

About Tariq Ramadan

Tariq Ramadan is HH Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al Thani Professor of Contemporary Islamic Studies, University of Oxford, more

Table of contents

Islamic Ethics: Critical Concepts in Islamic Studies Edited by Tariq Ramadan Contents list Volume 1: Ethics and Fiqh (Islamic law and jurisprudence) Introduction Part 1: Akhlaq (ethics) and Fiqh 1. Majid Fakhry, ‘The Koranic Ethos’ in Ethical Theories in Islam, (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1994), pp. 11-21. 2. Majid Fakhry, ‘The Evidence of the Traditions’ in Ethical Theories in Islam, (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1994), pp. 22-30. 3. Baber Johansen, ‘The Muslim fiqh as a Sacred Law’ in Contingency in a Sacred Law: Legal and Ethical Norms in the Muslim Fiqh (Leiden: Brill, 1999), pp. 1-76. 4. Fazlur Rahman, ‘Law and Ethics in Islam’, in Richard G. Hovannisian (eds.), Ethics in Islam, (Malibu, Calif: Undena, 1985), pp. 3-15. 5. Edward Omar Moad, ‘A Path to the Oasis: "Shariah" and Reason in Islamic Moral Epistemology’, Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 26.3, 12, 2007, pp. 135-148. Part 2: Historical Evolution 6. A. Kevin Reinhart, ‘Origins of Islamic Ethics: Foundations and Constructions’, in William Schweiker (eds), Blackwell Companions to Religion: The Blackwell Companion to Religious Ethics, (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2008), pp 124-152. 7. John Kelsay, ‘Divine Command Ethics in Early Islam: Al-Shafi'i and the Problem of Guidance’, The Journal of Religious Ethics, 22, 1, 1994, pp. 101-126. 8. Adis Duderija, ‘Toward a Methodology of Understanding the Nature and Scope of the Concept of Sunnah’, Arab Law Quarterly, 21, 2007, pp 269-280. 9. David Johnston, ‘A Turn in the Epistemology and Hermeneutics of Twentieth Century Usul al-Fiqh’, Islamic Law and Society, 11, 2, pp. 233-282. 10. Khaled Abou El Fadl, ‘Legal Debates on Muslim Minorities: Between Rejection and Accommodation’, Journal of Religious Ethics, 22, 1, 1994, pp. 127-162. Part 3: Contemporary Ethico-Legal Debates 11. Mohammad Hashim Kamali, ‘Maqasid Al-Shariah and Ijtihad as Instruments of Civilisational Renewal: A Methodological Perspective’, Islam and Civilization Renewal, 2, 2, 2011, pp. 245-271.   12. Alexandre Caeiro, ‘The Shifting Moral Universes of the Islamic Tradition of Ifta’: A Diachronic Study of Four Adab al-Fatwa Manuals’, The Muslim World, 96, 4, 10, 2006, pp. 661-685. 13. Felicitas Opwis, ‘Maslaha in Contemporary Islamic Legal Theory’, Islamic law and society, 12, 2, 2005, pp. 182-223. Part 4: Practical Dimensions 14. Willis Jenkins, ‘Islamic Law and Environmental Ethics: How Jurisprudence (Usul al-Fiqh) Mobilizes Practical Reform’, Worldviews, 9, 3, 2005, pp. 338-364. 15. Aria Nakissa, ‘An Ethical Solution to the Problem of Legal Indeterminacy: Shari’a Scholarship at Egypt’s al-Azhar’, Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 20, pp. 93-112. 16. Andrew March, ‘Sources of Moral Obligation to Non-Muslims in the "Jurisprudence of Muslim Minorities" (Fiqh Al-Aqalliyyāt) Discourse’, Islamic Law and Society, 16, 1, 2009, pp. 34-94. 17. Abdulaziz Sachedina, ‘The Nature of Islamic Juridical‐Ethical Discourse’, in Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), pp. 41-80. Volume 2: Ethics and Philosophy Part 5: Sources and Values 18. Toshihiko Izutsu, ‘The Basic Moral Dichotomy’, in Ethico-Religious Concepts in The Qurʼān (Montreal: MQUP, 2002), pp. 105-118. 19. Muhammad ‘Abd Allah Daraz, ‘Obligation’ in The Moral World of the Qu’ran, trans. Danielle Robinson and Rebecca Masterton, (London: I.B. Tauris, 2008), pp. 13-66. 20. Daud Rahbar, ‘The Essential Motive-Principle of Viruous Conduct in Qur’anic Thought’, in God of Justice: A Study of the Ethical Doctrines of the Qur’an, (Leiden: Brill, 1960), pp. 179-193. Part 6: ‘Ilm Al-Kalam and Philosophy (Falsafa) 21. Daniel H. Frank, ‘Ethics’, in Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Oliver Leaman (eds.), History of Islamic Philosophy, (London: Routledge, 1996), pp. 959-968. 22. George F. Hourani, ‘Two Theories of Value in Medieval Islam’, The Muslim World, 50, 4, 1960, pp. 269-278. 23. Peter Adamson, ‘Ethics: Socratic, Stoic, Platonic’, in Al-Kindi, (Oxford University Press, 2007), pp 144-159. 24. Charles E. Butterworth, ‘Ethics in Medieval Islamic Philosophy’, Journal of Religious Ethics, 11, 2, 1983, pp. 224-239. 25. Sherman A. Jackson, ‘The Alchemy of Domination? Some Asharite Responses to Mutazilite Ethics’, International Journal of Middle East Studies, 31, 1, 5, 1999, pp. 185-201. 26. Sophia Vasalou, ‘Reading Mu’tazilite Ethics’, in Moral Agents and Their Deserts: The Character of Mu’tazilite Ethics, (Princeton University Press, 2008), pp. 12-37. Part 7: Philosophical Issues 27. Oliver Leaman, ‘Are the Ethics of Religion Objective or Subjective?’, in An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy, (Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp. 147-173. 28. Elizabeth M. Bucar, ‘Islam and the Cultivation of Character’, in Nancy E. Snow (eds), Cultivating Virtue: Perspectives from Philosophy, Theology, and Psychology (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), pp. 197-226. 29. Simon Van den Bergh, ‘Ghazali on "Gratitude Towards God" and Its Greek Sources’, Studies Islamica, 7, 1957, pp. 77-98. 30. Ida Zilio-Grandi, ‘Hilm or "Judiciousness": A Contribution to the Study of Islamic Ethics’, Studia Islamica, 110, 2015, pp. 81-100. Volume 3: Islamic Ethics and Sufism 31. Peter J. Awn, ‘The Ethical Concerns of Classical Sufism’, Journal of Religious Ethics 11, 2 (Fall 1983), pp. 240-263. 32. Gerhard Böwering, ‘The Adab Literature of Classical Sufism: Ansari’s Code of Conduct’, in Barbara Daly Metcalf (ed.), Moral Conduct and Authority: The Place of Adab in South Asian Islam (Berkley: University of California Press, 1984), pp. 62-87. 33. Kennet Lee Honerkamp, ‘Sufi Foundations of the Ethics of Social Life in Islam’, in Vincent J. Cornell (ed.), Voices of Islam, (Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006). pp 181-196. 34. Qamar-ul Huda, ‘The Light beyond the Shore in the Theology of Proper Sufi Moral Conduct (Adab)’, Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 72, 2, 2004, pp. 461-484. 35. Jules Janssens, ‘Al-Ghazali’s Mizan al-‘Amal: an Ethical Summa Based on Ibn Sina and al-Raghib al-Isfahani’, in Anna Akasoy and Wilm Raven (eds), Islamic Thought in the Middle Ages: Studies in Text, Transmission and Translation in Honour of Hans Daiber, (Leiden: Brill, 2008), pp. pp.123-137. 36. Ira M. Lapidus, ‘Knowledge, Virtue, and Action: The Classical Muslim Conception of Adab and the Nature of Religious Fulfillment in Islam’, in Barbara Daly (ed.), Moral Conduct and Authority: The Place of Adab in South Asian Islam (University of California Press, 1984), pp 38- 61. 37. Yasien Mohamed, ‘The Ethics of Education: al-Isfahani’s al-Dhari’a as a Source of Inspiration for al-Ghazali’s Mizan al-‘Amal’, The Muslim World, 101, 4, 2011, pp. 633-657. 38. Mahmud E. Kiliç, ‘Mysticism’, in Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Oliver Leaman (eds), History of Islamic Philosophy (London: Routledge, 1996), pp. 947-958. 39. Gabriel Said Reynolds, ‘The Sufi Approach to Food: A Case Study of Adab’, The Muslim World, 90, 2000, pp. 198-217. 40. Lloyd Ridgeon, ‘A Sufi Perspective of Evil’, Iran, 36, 1998, pp. 113-122. 41. Kristin Zahra Sands, ‘On the Subtleties of Method and Style in the Lata’if al-isharat of al-Qushayri’, Journal of Sufi Studies, 2, 2013, pp. 7-16. 42. Qaiser Shahzad, ‘Ibn Arabi’s Contribution to the Ethics of Divine Names’, Islamic Studies, 43, 1, 2004, pp. 5-38. 43. Sa’diyya Shaikh, ‘In Search of al-Insan: Sufism, Islamic Law, and Gender’, Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 77, 4, 2009, pp. 781-822. 44. Sara Sviri, ‘The Self and Its Transformation in Sufism with Special Reference to Early Literature’, in David Shulman and Guy G. Stroumsa (eds), Self & Self-Transformation in the History of Religion, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), pp. 195-215. 45. Saeko Yazaki, ‘Morality in Early Sufi Literature’, in Lloyd Ridgeon (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Sufism (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014), pp. pp. 74-100. Volume 4: Ethics and Contemporary Issues Part 8: Modern Sciences and Bioethics 46. Donna Lee Bowen, ‘Contemporary Muslim Ethics of Abortion’, in Jonathan E. Brockopp (ed.), Islamic Ethics of Life: Abortion, War, and Euthanasia, (South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 2003), pp. 51-80. 47. Mohammed Ghaly, ‘Biomedical Scientists as Co-Muftis: Their Contribution to Contemporary Islamic Bioethics’, Die Welt des Islams, 55, 3-4, 2015, pp. 286 -311. 48. Ebrahim Moosa, ‘Translating Neuroethics: Reflections from Muslim Ethics’, Science and Engineering Ethics, 18, 2012, pp. 519-528. 49. Aasim I. Padela, et al. ‘Medical Experts & Islamic Scholars Deliberating over Brain Death: Gaps in the Applied Islamic Bioethics Discourse’, The Muslim World, 101, 2011, pp. 53-72. Part 9: Environment and Animals 50. Azizan Baharuddin, ‘Guardians of the Environment—Guardianship of the Environment: An Islamic Perspective in the Context of Religious Studies, Theology, and Sustainable Development’, in Michael Ipgrave and David Marshall (eds), Humanity: Texts and Contexts: Christian and Muslim Perspectives (Georgetown University Press, 2011), pp. 41-49. 51. William Chittick, ‘Harmony with the Cosmos’, in William C. Chittick (ed.), In Search Of The Lost Heart: Explorations In Islamic Thought (State University of New York Press, 2011), pp. 291-298. 52. Nazrul Islam and Saidul Islam, ‘Human-Animal Relationship: Understanding Animal Rights in the Islamic Ecological Paradigm’, Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies, 14, 41, 2015, pp. 96-126. 53. Mawil Yusuf ‘Izz al-Din, ‘Towards Islamic Environmental Ethics’, The Environmental Dimensions of Islam, (Cambridge: Lutterworth Press, 2000), pp. 80-96. 54. Soumaya Pernilla Ouis, ‘Islamic Ecotheology Based on the Qur’an’, Islamic Studies, 37, 2, 1998, pp. 151-181. Part 10: Human Rights and War 55. Sohail H. Hashmi, ‘Interpreting the Islamic Ethics of War and Peace’, in Islamic Political Ethics: Civil Society, Pluralism, and Conflict, (Princeton University Press, 2002), pp. 194-216. 56. David L. Johnston, ‘Maqasid Al-Shari’a: Epistemology and Hermeneutics of Muslim Theologies of Human Rights’, Die Welt des Islams, 47, 2, 2007, pp. 149-187. 57. Amina Wadud, ‘Quran, Gender and Interpretive Possibilities’, Hawwa, 2, 3, 2004, pp. 316-336. Part 11: Business and Banking 58. Rafik I. Beekun and Jamal A. Badawi, ‘Balancing Ethical Responsibility among Multiple Organizational Stakeholders: The Islamic Perspective’, Journal of Business Ethics, 60, 2, 2005, pp. 131-145. 59. Rihad Grassa, ‘Shari’ah Governance System in Islamic Financial Institutions: New Issues and Challenges’, Arab Law Quarterly, 27, 2013, pp. 171-187. 60. Walid Mansour, et al. ‘How Ethical is Islamic Banking in the Light of the Objectives of Islamic Law?’, Journal of Religious Ethics, 43, 1, 2015, pp. 51-77. Part 12: Arts 61. Seyyed Hossein Nasr, ‘The Relation between Islamic Art and Islamic Spirituality’, in Islamic Art and Spirituality, (Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1987), pp. 3-11. 62. Jonas Otterbeck, ‘Battling Over the Public Sphere: Islamic Reactions to the Music of Today’, in Contemporary Islam, 2, 2008, pp. 211-228. 63. Fadlou Shehadi, ‘Listening to Music and Islam—The Moderate View’, in chapter 7 ‘Ghazali’, in Philosophies of Music in Medieval Islam (Leiden: Brill, 1999), pp. 115-131.              show more