An Introductory Economic History of England

An Introductory Economic History of England

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1912 edition. Excerpt: ...the lands that those now living remember to have formed fourteen farms, bringing up in a respectable way fourteen families.' The task of buying out the small owner was made easier by the fact that the poor farmers were having a great struggle to make their land pay. They had not the capital to profit by the improvements in agriculture. Their old markets, the country towns, were decaying, and they could not afford to send their produce to the new, but possibly distant industrial centres. In many cases, too, the holder of a very small farm had kept going by carrying on some small manufacture. The Industrial Revolution had killed the cottage industries, and the small farmer was forced to sell. Political and Social Causes.--The demand for land by the rich was not entirely inspired by economic motives. Till the Reform Bill, the possession of land meant political power; the absence of land, political impotence. The county franchise excluded all, except owners of freehold land to the value of 2. The citizens of the new industrial towns had no vote at all. The natural and artificial growth of rotten boroughs had placed the control of the House of Commons in the hands of a few great landowners. ' Nabobs, ' who had amassed a fortune in India, and manufacturers who had made money in trade, found that without land they were politically unimportant and socially insignificant. The country squire of ancient family hated the display which his narrow purse could not rival. But a large estate conferred the title of gentleman on the second generation, and it was a sign of the times that the younger Pitt began conferring peerages on men whose sole claim was wealth. Among its other effects, the Industrial Revolution overthrew the more

Product details

  • Paperback | 30 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 73g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236952855
  • 9781236952851