An Introduction to Sociology

An Introduction to Sociology

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An Introduction to Sociology has established itself as one of the leading textbooks for introductory sociology courses. This new and fully revised edition maintains the comprehensive coverage, readable style, and numerous student features that made the first edition so popular, but now supplements these with completely up-to-date empirical material, new sections on a number of key issues, and a reader-friendly design. This makes it even more suitable for students approaching sociology for the first time, including those studying for GCSE, GNVQ, Access and A level courses. This new edition continues to provide full coverage of all the key areas covered by the GCSE examining boards: it has also been broadened to take account of GNVQ courses in health and social care. The wide-ranging new material includes chapters on health and illness and ethnicity: and an extended discussion of the welfare state and poverty.Throughout the text there are suggested activities to develop the skills and understanding of the student, along with coursework ideas. Each chapter opens with a list of the central issues, key terms are highlighted in the text and explained in an excellent glossary, and chapter summaries outline the important points that should have been learnt after reading the chapters. Throughout, carefully chosen cartoons, tables, figures, and photographs enliven and reinforce the text.The new edition of this up-to-date, comprehensive and lively text will prove invaluable to all those studying sociology for the first time.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 528 pages
  • 191.3 x 245.6 x 30.2mm | 1,043.27g
  • Polity Press
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • English
  • Revised
  • 2nd Revised edition
  • 0
  • 0745620213
  • 9780745620213

Review quote

'It offers tremendous clarity, appropriate conceptual detail and an excellent range of illustrative material. The depth and breadth of knowledge is outstanding. Each chapter contains excellent activities and ends with a chapter summary, key term list and project suggestions.' Times Educational Supplement 'Teachers and students have repeatedly told me that this is indeed an ideal introductory text for all those in schools, colleges and evening classes who are just beginning to ask about the nature of the subject ... everyone will welcome the updated statistics (many of which are derived from primary sources rather than already outdated publications), the section on the death of Diana, and an analysis of the 1997 General Election ... most valuable additions to the text are the two brand new chapters on Health and Illness and Ethnicity and Race.' Laurie Taylor 'This is a very useful text for teachers and students of GCSE Sociology. With its new chapters on health and ethnicity it builds on the strengths of the first edition. It is clear and up to date, and doesn't patronize. Ken Browne has established the standard for textbooks at this level.' Dave Longmate, Chief Examiner, GCSE Sociology, Southern Examining Group 'This lively book with many stimulating ideas for project work encourages student participation throughout. The summary given at the end of each chapter provides a useful guide to learning outcomes. In the area of Health and Social Care the new chapter on Health and Illness is especially welcomed. This second edition is an excellent contribution to GNVQ and other Vocational courses.' Sylvia Drage, Lecturer, HE Examiner and External Verifier, Health and Social Care 'No sociology student should be without this text.' Education Reviewshow more

Table of contents

Preface by Laurie Taylor. Introduction to the Second Edition. How to Use this Book. 1. Introducing Sociology. What is Sociology? Some Key Introductory Ideas. Chapter Summary. Key Terms. 2. Social Stratification. Social Stratification. Systems of Stratification. Two Views of Social Class. The Class Structure of Britain. Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 3. Social Class in Modern Britain. Class Inequalities. Changes in the Class Structure. Social Mobility. Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 4. Wealth, Income, and Poverty. Wealth and Income. Poverty. The Welfare State and Poverty. The Persistence of Poverty: Why the Poor Remain Poor. Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 5. Gender Role Socialization. Sex and Gender. Gender and Biology. Gender Stereotyping in Britain. The Sexual Division of Labour. Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 6. Women. The Changing Status of Women in Britain. Women at Work. Conclusion. Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 7. Ethnicity and Race. Race, Ethnicity, and Ethnic Minorities. The Pattern of Immigration. Who are the Ethnic Minorities? Some Inequalities Facing Ethnic Minority Groups. The Causes of Racism. Are Relations between Ethnic Groups Improving? Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 8. Power and Politics. Types of Political System. Political Parties in Britain. Influencing Decision-making in a Democracy. Influences on Voting Behaviour. Why do People Abstain in Elections? Opinion Polls and Elections. Is Britain a Democracy? Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 9. The Mass Media. The Power of the Media: Key Questions. Formal Controls on the Media. Ownership of the Mass Media. The Mass Media, Public Opinion and Social Control. What Affects the Content of the Media? Stereotyping, Scapegoating, and the Media. Crime and the Media. The Media, Labelling, and Deviancy Amplification. Bias in the Media. The Mass Media and Democracy. Into the Future. Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 10. Social Control, Deviance and Crime. Agencies of Social Control. Crime and Deviance. The Pattern of Crime. What's Wrong with the Official Crime Statistics? Is the Crime Rate Increasing? Explaining Crime and Deviance. Conclusion. Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 11. The Family and Marriage. What is the Family? Different Forms of the Family and Marriage. Changes in the Family in Britain. Critical Views of the Family. Alternatives to the Family. Are Marriage and the Family Declining Social Institutions? Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 12. Schooling in Britain. Education in Britain before 1944. Secondary Education for All: the Tripartite System. Comprehensive Schools. Streaming, Labelling, and the Self-fulfilling Prophecy. More Recent Developments in Education. The Purposes of Education. Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 13. Inequality in Education. Ethnicity and Underachievement. Gender Differences in Education: The Underachievement of Boys. Social Class and Underachievement. Compensatory Education. Private Education: The Independent Schools. Is Equality of Educational Opportunity Possible to Achieve? Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 14. Religion. A Definition of Religion. The Role of Religion in Society. Religion, Social Conflict, and Social Change. The Secularization Thesis. Conclusion. Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 15. Work and Leisure. The Importance of Work. Unemployment. Industrialization, Mechanization, and Automation. Alienation and Job Satisfaction. The Effects of Changing Technology on Society. The Changing Occupational Structure. Trade Unions. Leisure. Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 16. Population. The Importance of Information on Population. Key Terms Used in the Study of Population. Population Size. Population Change in the United Kingdom. Urbanization. Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 17. Health and Illness. What is Meant by 'Health', 'Illness' and 'Disease'? The Medical and Social Models of Health. Becoming a Health Statistic. Medicine and Social Control: The Sick Role. How Society Influences Health. The Food Industry. Inequalities in Health. Conclusion. Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Project Suggestions. 18. Doing Sociological Research. Quantitative and Qualitative Data. Primary and Secondary Sources. Social Surveys. Observation. Doing Your Own Research: Coursework. Chapter Summary. Key Terms. Appendix: Reading Statistical Data. Statistical Tables. Describing a Trend. Graphs. Bar Charts. Pie Charts. Glossary. Index.show more

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23 ratings
3.82 out of 5 stars
5 26% (6)
4 35% (8)
3 35% (8)
2 4% (1)
1 0% (0)
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