Introduction to Psychology

Introduction to Psychology

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1906 edition. Excerpt: ...thing. A story is told of a clergyman who, talking in loud, monotonous tones, was astonished to see many of his congregation sleeping. He spoke a sentence or two in a hollow whisper and several of them awoke with a start. Thus change in the stimulus attracts attention. It is the quality of the stimulus which the teacher manipulates in holding the attention of his students. Classes of Attention on Basis of Direction.--At times one seems to be attending to things outside of his mind, and at other times he finds himself attending to things in his mind. Said in another way, sometimes one 's attention is directed inward and sometimes outward. Thus on this basis there are two classes of attenion, and they are called: 1. External. 2. Internal. External attention is that kind of attention the stimulus of which is outside the mind. Internal attention is that kind of attention the stimulus of which is in the mind. Illustration.--If one is sitting at his window and watching intently the frolics of the jaybirds among the trees upon his lawn, his attention is external. But if he is thinking of his own motives, hopes, aspirations, likes, dislikes, and so on, his attention is the internal kind. Classes of Attention on Basis of Efl'ort.--By introspective study of our own attention we discover that at some times we give attention without any seeming effort, while at other times conscious efiort is required to give attention. In the first case the attractiveness of the stimulus is so great that the mind is held to it without any apparent effort, while in the second case the stimulus fails to hold the mind. In either kind of attention there is involved some effort, but in the one kind the effort is not a conscious one, while in the other there more

Product details

  • Paperback | 36 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 82g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236843207
  • 9781236843203