An Introduction to the Physics of Interstellar Dust

An Introduction to the Physics of Interstellar Dust

  • Electronic book text
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Description

Streamlining the extensive information from the original, highly acclaimed monograph, this new An Introduction to the Physics of Interstellar Dust provides a concise reference and overview of interstellar dust and the interstellar medium. Drawn from a graduate course taught by the author, a highly regarded figure in the field, this all-in-one book emphasizes astronomical formulae and astronomical problems to give a solid foundation for the further study of interstellar medium. Covering all phenomena associated with cosmic dust, this inclusive text eliminates the need to consult special physical literature by providing a comprehensive introduction in one source. The book addresses the absorption and scattering of dust, its creation in old stars, as well as emission, cohesion, and electrical charge. With strong attention to detail, the author facilitates a complete understanding from which to build a more versatile application and manipulation of the information. Providing insightful explanations for the utilization of many formulae, the author instructs in the effective investigation of astronomical objects for determining basic parameters. The book offers numerous figures displaying basic properties of dust such as optical constants, specific heat, and absorption and scattering coefficients making it accessible for the reader to apply these numbers to the problem at hand. There is an extensive section and comprehensive introduction to radiative transfer in a dusty medium with many practical pieces of advice and ample illustrations to guide astronomers wishing to implement radiative transfer code themselves.An unparalleled amount of astronomical information in an accessible and palatable resource, An Introduction to the Physics of Interstellar Dust provides the most complete foundational reference available on the subject.show more

Product details

  • Electronic book text | 408 pages
  • Taylor & Francis Inc
  • CRC Press Inc
  • Florida, United States
  • 500 equations; 11 Tables, black and white; 134 Illustrations, black and white
  • 1584887087
  • 9781584887089

Review quote

On the whole the book is excellent in its content as well as its presentation. It contains a wealth of valuable information relating to the physics of interstellar grains, essentially updating and replacing the existing textbooks on this subject. It exhaustively covers the theory of light scattering relevant to grains, the processes of grain heating and infrared radiation. Also included are valuable sections on radiative transfer in clouds and grain dynamics. Workers in the field of interstellar dust must find this a most valuable reference book to possess.-Contemporary Physics, Volume 51, Issue 6, 2010 Krugel's new book is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses and is tremendously appealing because it requires no prior knowledge of astronomy. It can be used as a textbook, a self-study guide for graduate students or more senior academics, or a general reference for active researchers to delve into as needed. A major problem in investigating cosmic dust is that a proper study incorporates so many aspects of the physical sciences, and current texts rarely bring those topics together in such a coherent and concise form as Krugel does.-Angela Speck, University of Missouri-Columbia, Physics Today, October 2008show more

Table of contents

The Dielectric Permeability How the electromagnetic field acts on dust The harmonic oscillator Waves in a conducting medium How to Evaluate Grain Cross SectionsDefining cross sections The optical theorem Mie theory for a sphere Polarization and scattering The discrete dipole approximation The Kramers-Kronig relations Composite grains Very Small and Very Big Particles Tiny spheres Tiny ellipsoids The fields inside a dielectric particle Very large particles Grains of small refractive index Case Studies of Mie CalculusEfficiencies of bare spheres Scattering by bare spheres Linear polarization through extinction Coated spheres Surface modes in small grains Structure and Composition of Dust Crystal structure Binding in crystals Carbonaceous grains and silicate grains Optical constants of dust materials Grain sizes Dust Radiation Kirchhoff's law The temperature of big grains The emission of big grains Calorific properties of solids Temperature fluctuations of very small grains The emission spectrum of very small grains Dust and Its Environment Grain charge Grain motionDust in the solar system Grain destructionGrain formation Grain Surfaces Gas accretion on grains Mobility of atoms on grain surfaces Grain surface chemistry Ice mantles PAHs and Spectral Features of Dust Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ERE and DIBs The silicate bands at 10m and 18mCrystalline silicatesThe feature at 3.4m Interstellar Reddening and Dust Models Reddening by interstellar grains Dust models Radiative TransportBasic transfer relations Spherical clouds Passive disks Galactic nuclei The pursuit of random photons Spectral Energy Distribution of Dusty Objects Early stages of star formation Accretion disks Reflection nebulae Starburst nuclei Mass loss giantsThe effective extinction curve Appendix A: Various Dust Related Physics Boltzmann statistics Quantum statisticsThermodynamicsBlackbody radiation The classical Hamiltonian The Hamiltonian in quantum mechanicsThe Einstein coefficients A and B Potential wells and tunnelingAppendix B: Miscellaneous Mathematical notationsMathematical formulaeCosmic constants Problem set List of symbolsBibliography Indexshow more