An Introduction to Mineral Sciences
The subject of mineralogy is moving away from the traditional systematic treatment of mineral groups toward the study of the behaviour of minerals in relation to geological processes. A knowledge of how minerals respond to a changing geological environment is fundamental to our understanding of many dynamic earth processes. By adopting a materials science approach, An Introduction to Mineral Sciences explains the principles underlying the modern study of minerals, discussing the behaviour of crystalline materials with changes in temperature, pressure and chemical environment. The concepts required to understand mineral behaviour are often complex, but are presented here in simple, non-mathematical terms for undergraduate mineralogy students. After introductory chapters describing the principles of diffraction, imaging and the spectroscopic methods used to study minerals, the structure and behaviour of the main groups of rock-forming minerals are covered, and the role of defects in the deformation and transformation of a mineral are explained. The energy changes and the rate of transformation processes are introduced using a descriptive approach rather than attempting a complete and rigorous treatment of the thermodynamics and kinetics. Examples and case histories from a range of mineral groups are set in an earth science context, such that the emphasis of this book is to allow the student to develop an intuitive understanding of the structural principles controlling the behaviour of minerals.
- Electronic book text
- 22 Oct 1992
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
Table of contents
Preface; 1. Periodicity and symmetry; 2. Anisotropy and physical properties; 3. Diffraction and imaging; 4. Spectroscopic methods; 5. The crystal structure of minerals I; 6. The crystal structure of minerals II - silicates; 7. Defects in minerals; 8. Emergetics and mineral stability I - basic concepts; 9. Emergetics and mineral stability II - solid solutions, exsolution and ordering; 10. Kinetics of mineral processes; 11. Transformation processes in minerals I: exsolution; 12. Transformation processes in minerals II: structural phase transitions; Index.
'The most original earth science book of the year, a magnificent volume.' New Scientist ' ... most timely and welcome ... a valuable teaching resource. It brings mineralogy up-to-date ... If you want to learn for the first time about nuclear magnetic resonance, or Wadsley defects in rutile, or about ideas such as spinodal decomposition, incommensurate phases, or Landau theory, or just why minerals have the structure and properties they do then this book is for you: get hold of a copy!' Geological Magazine