An Introduction to Geographical Information Systems

An Introduction to Geographical Information Systems

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The third edition of this successful text continues to provide a clear, practical and accessible introduction to the world of Geographical Information Systems. A selection of new features helps to explain and demonstrate how GIS are actually used, across a variety of disciplines and within a range of industries.

This edition is fully updated and includes coverage of the latest topics, such as web-based and mobile GIS. An increased focus is also placed on the practical applications of GIS to show their relevance and use within the world around us.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 464 pages
  • 196 x 264 x 24mm | 1,139.98g
  • Prentice Hall
  • Upper Saddle River, United States
  • English
  • 3rd edition
  • 0131293176
  • 9780131293175
  • 270,142

Back cover copy

An Introduction to Geographical Information SystemsThird EditionIan Heywood
Sarah Cornelius
Steve CarverThe third edition of this highly regarded and successful text continues to provide a clear and accessible introduction to the world of GIS for students and professionals. With an increased focus on the practical applications of GIS, the new edition features a wealth of new multi-disciplinary case studies and examples of GIS in practice, demonstrating how it is used worldwide and within a variety of different industries.Furthermore, the new edition has been substantially revised and updated to include coverage of the latest advances in GIS such as location-based services, time-based GIS, web mapping, data supply and 3D visualization.FeaturesA striking new full-colour design enriches the photographs, maps, diagrams, and screenshots to provide a highly visual illustration of GIS output and applications; A selection of new international case studies written by both specialists and practitioners provides a detailed picture of how GIS is used across a variety of different disciplines and industries; Practice boxes demonstrate how GIS tools and techniques are applied in the real world across a range of sectors including business, environmental management, tourism and planning; Theory boxes provide consolidation of important issues and concepts; Reflection boxes - included at the end of each main section - enable you to check progress and further explore the key issues; A range of useful revision material at the end of each chapter including questions, text and web-based activities and a guide to further reading; A dedicated website including:
o Self-test multiple-choice questions and extension activities
o Weblinks for further investigation.
o Datasets offering practice and extension opportunities.
o PowerPoints containing the main images from the text."An Introduction to Geographical Information Systems "is suitable for students of Geographical Information studies at all levels, from undergraduate to professionals retraining in GIS. About the authorsIan Heywood, previously Director of Learning for UK BusinessLab Ltd., Director of Open and Distance Learning for RobertGordonUniversity, Aberdeen, and a Senior Lecturer in GIS at ManchesterMetropolitanUniversity, is now Director of Skills and Learning for Scottish Enterprise Grampian.Sarah Corneliusis a trainer a Lecturer in the Schoolof Educationat the Universityof Aberdeenand an Associate Lecturer at the Open University.Steve Carver is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Geography at the Universityof Leeds. He was the Director of Leeds' successful MSc in GIS for twelve years and is now BSc Programme Manager.Additional student support at www.pearsoned.co.uk/heywood
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Table of contents

Contents





List of figures

Preface

Guided tour

Case studies

Acknowledgements

Publisher's acknowledgements

Abbreviations and acronyms

About the authors



Part 1 Fundamentals of GIS



1 What is GIS?

Learning outcomes

Introduction

Defining GIS

Components of a GIS

Conclusions

Revision questions

Further study reading

Further study activities

Web links



2 Spatial data

Learning outcomes

Introduction

Maps and their influence on the character of spatial data

Thematic characteristics of spatial data

Other sources of spatial data

Conclusions

Revision questions

Further study reading

Further study activities

Web links



3 Spatial data modelling

Learning outcomes

Introduction

Entity definition

Spatial data models

Spatial data structures

Modelling surfaces

Modelling networks

Building computer worlds

Modelling the third dimension

Modelling the fourth dimension

Conclusions

Revision questions

Further study reading

Further study activities

Web links



4 Database management

Learning outcomes

Introduction

Why choose a database approach?

Database models

Creating a database

GIS database applications

Developments in databases

Conclusions

Revision questions

Further study reading

Further study activities

Web links



5 Data input and editing

Learning outcomes

Introduction

Methods of data input

Data editing

Towards an integrated database

Conclusions

Revision questions

Further study reading

Further study activities

Web links



6 Data analysis

Learning outcomes

Introduction

Measurements in GIS lengths, perimeters and areas

Queries

Reclassification

Buffering and neighbourhood functions

Integrating data map overlay

Spatial interpolation

Analysis of surfaces

Network analysis

Conclusions

Revision questions

Further study reading

Further study activities

Web links



7 Analytical modelling in GIS

Learning outcomes

Introduction

Process models

Modelling physical and environmental processes

Modelling human processes

Modelling the decision-making process

Problems with using GIS to model spatial processes

Conclusions

Revision questions

Further study reading

Further study activities

Web links



8 Output: from new maps to enhanced decisions

Learning outcomes

Introduction

Maps as output

Non-cartographic output

Spatial multimedia

Mechanisms of delivery

GIS and spatial decision support

Conclusions

Revision questions

Further study reading

Further study activities

Web links



Part 2 Issues in GIS



9 The development of computer methods for handling spatial data

Learning outcomes

Introduction

Handling spatial data manually

The development of computer methods for handling spatial data

The development of GIS

Conclusions

Revision questions

Further study reading

Further study activities

Web links



10 Data quality issues

Learning outcomes

Introduction

Describing data quality and errors

Sources of error in GIS

Finding and modelling errors in GIS

Managing GIS error

Conclusions

Revision questions

Further study reading

Further study activities

Web links



1 1Human and organizational issues

Learning outcomes

Introduction

GIS applications

GIS users

Justifying the investment in GIS

Choosing and implementing a GIS

Organizational changes due to GIS

Conclusions

Revision questions

Further study reading

Further study activities

Web links



12 GIS project design and management

Learning outcomes

Introduction

Problem identification

Designing a data model

Project management

Implementation problems

Project evaluation

Conclusions

Revision questions

Further study reading

Further study activities

Web links



13 The Future of GIS

Learning outcomes

Introduction

GIS in the 1990s

Issues for GIS in the 1990s

Twenty predictions for GIS

Where next for GIS in the twenty first century

Conclusions

Epilogue

Revision questions

Further study reading

Further study activities

Web links



References

Glossary

Index
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Rating details

42 ratings
3.59 out of 5 stars
5 26% (11)
4 29% (12)
3 26% (11)
2 17% (7)
1 2% (1)

Our customer reviews

This is truly an introductory text and if you have any experience in GIS systems, it is not worth buying it. That said, it is simple, well laid out and visually friendly.show more
by April Stirlink
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