Introducing Sociology for AS Level

Introducing Sociology for AS Level

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Designed specifically for AS-level sociology courses Comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the AQA specification Includes activities designed to develop the knowledge, skills and understanding of students Chapters end with an exam question from AQA past papers, and suggestions for coursework Chapter summaries outline the key points to help students check their understanding Key terms are highlighted in the text and explained in an excellent glossary Cartoons, tables, figures and photographs enliven and reinforce the text. This new introductory textbook assumes no previous knowledge of sociology. It is intended for all those studying AS-level courses, and adopts a readable, accessible and student-friendly style. Introducing Sociology: for AS level provides clear and concise but thorough and comprehensive coverage of the key areas of sociology covered at AS-level. It includes chapters on the family, health, the mass media, education, wealth, welfare and poverty, work and leisure and sociological methods. The author's previous book, An Introduction to Sociology, rapidly established itself as one of the leading textbooks for GCSE Sociology, and was described by the AQA Chief Examiner as 'setting the standard for textbooks at this level'. This new book will prove indispensable to all those studying AS-level sociology, as well as those on Access, Health and Social Care, and vocational courses of all kinds which contain a sociological component. Ken Browne is a Lecturer in Sociology at North Warwickshire and Hinckley College.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 456 pages
  • 172 x 244mm | 923g
  • Polity Press
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 0
  • 0745627870
  • 9780745627878

Table of contents

Acknowledgements. About This Book. AS Sociology. Key Skills. How to Use This Book. 1. Introduction to as Sociology: What is Sociology? Sociology and Common Sense. Sociology and Naturalistic Explanations. Some Key Introductory Ideas. Sociological Perspectives. Structuralism. Social Action or Interpretivist Theories. Structuration. Feminist Perspectives. New Right Perspectives. Postmodernism. Sociological Problems, Social Problems and Social Policy. 2. Families and Households: Different Forms of the Family and Marriage. Is the Nuclear Family a Universal Institution? Sociological Perspectives on the Family. Changes in the Family in Britain. Family Change 1: Has the Family Lost Its Functions? Family Change 2: The Debate Over the Apparent Change from the Classic Extended Family in Pre-Industrial Society to the Privatized Nuclear Family Today. Family Change 3: The Emergence of the Symmetrical Family? Family Change 4: The Changing Position of Children in the Family. Family Change 5. The Decline in Average Family Size. Family Change 6: The Rising Divorce Rate. Family Change 7: Remarriage and the Growth of the Reconstituted Family. Family Change 8: The Growth of the Lone-Parent Family. Family Change 9. The Decline in Marriage and the Growing Incidence and Acceptance of Cohabitation. Family Change 10. The Growth in 'Singlehood'. Family Change 11. More Births Outside Marriage. Family Diversity and the Myth of the 'Cereal Packet' Family. The 'Darker Side' of Family Life. Family Ideology. Politics, Social Policy and the Family. Is the Family a Declining Social Institution? 3. Health: What is Meant by 'Health','Illness;' 'Dsease? Disability'. The Medical and Social Models of Health. The Medical (Biomedical) Model of Health. The Social Model of Health. Becoming a Health Statistic. Medicine and Social Control: the Sick Role. The Power of the Medical Profession. Marxist Approaches to Health and Medicine. How Society Influences Health. The New 'Disease Burden'. Inequalities in Health. Social Class Differences in Health. Gender Differences in Health. Ethnic Inequalities in Health. Inequalities of Access to Health Care. Mental Illness. 4. Mass Media: The Power Of The Media: Key Questions. Formal Controls On The Media. Ownership Of The Mass Media. The Mass Media And Ideology. Do The Owners Of The Media Control The Content Of The Mass Media? The Manipulative Or Instrumentalist Approach: Control And Manipulation By The Owners. The Dominant Ideology Or Hegemonic Approach: Influence And Persuasion. The Pluralist Approach. The Effects Of The Mass Media. The Hypodermic Syringe Model. The Two-Step Flow Model. The Cultural Effects Model. The Uses And Gratifications Model. Violence And The Media. What Affects The Contents Of The Media? Bias In The Media. The Presentation And Social Construction Of The News. The Media, Crime And Deviance. Media Representations And Stereotyping. Media Representations of Age. Media Representations of Social Class. Media Representations of Ethnicity. Media Representations of Gender. Media Representations of Disability. The Mass Media and Mass Culture. Into The Future. 5. Education: Secondary Education for All - after 1944. The Tripartite System. Comprehensive Schools. Education from 1988 Onwards - the Free Market in Education and Increased State Intervention. Vocational Education. Criticisms of the Free Market in Education, Vocational Education, and Other Recent Changes. Sociological Perspectives on Education. The Functionalist Perspective. Marxist Perspectives on Education. Is Contemporary Britain a Meritocracy? Natural Intelligence or IQ. Social Class Differences in Educational Achievement. Gender Differences in Educational Achievement - the Underachievement of Boys. Ethnicity and Educational Achievement. Private Education: The Independent Schools. 6. Wealth, Welfare and Poverty: Wealth and Income. The Distribution of Wealth and Income. Who Are the Rich? Explaining the Distribution of Wealth and Income. The Welfare State. Theoretical Approaches to Welfare. The Welfare State and Social Inequality. The Welfare State and Poverty. Poverty. Defining Poverty. The Extent of Poverty in Britain. Who are the Poor? Explaining Poverty. 7. Work and Leisure: Defining Work, Non-work and Leisure. The Importance of Work. The Changing Nature of Work and Leisure. The Management and Organization of Work. Technology and the Control of Work. Taylorism and Scientific Management. Fordism. Braverman: the Deskilling and Degradation of Work. Alienation and Job Satisfaction. Post-Fordism and Flexible Specialization. The Future of Work. The Effects of Changing Technology on Society. Conflict at Work. Unemployment. Leisure, Identity and Consumption. What is Leisure? The Changing Pattern of Leisure. Leisure and Identity. Factors Influencing the Choice of Leisure Activity. 8. Sociological Methods: Influences On The Choice Of Research Method. Positivism And Research Methods. Interpretivism And Research Methods. Other Influences on The Choice of Research Method. Key Issues In Social Research. Primary And Secondary Data. Qualitative Secondary Sources. The Advantages And Uses of Official Statistics. The Problems And Limitations of Official Statistics. The Experimental (Laboratory) Method Of Research. The Comparative Method. Surveys And Sampling Methods. Questionnaires. The Nature And Use of Questionnaires. Questionnaire Design: Some Principles And Problems. Pre-Coded Questionnaires. Open-Ended Questionnaires. The Postal/Mail or Self-Completion Questionnaire. The Validity of Questionnaire Research. Interviews. Structured or Formal Interviews. Unstructured or Informal (In-Depth) Interviews. General Problems of Interviews. Interviewer Bias. Participant Observation. Non-Participant Observation. Longitudinal Studies. Case Studies And Life Histories. Triangulation. Doing Your Own Research. Glossary. Bibliography. Index.show more

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