International Specialization Dynamics

International Specialization Dynamics

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Description

This book deals with the dynamics of international specializations during the present period of trade globalization. It discusses international trade as a network linking countries, and uses structural techniques to analyze the evolving structure of this network. It offers a new approach to address the economic emergence of countries. Using these structural methods, the book also explains knowledge exchange. Indeed, the structure transformation of the international trade is partly due to an exchange of competencies between regions. Many concrete examples are proposed.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 200 pages
  • 166 x 245 x 18mm | 596g
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 1848219873
  • 9781848219878

Table of contents

Introduction ix Chapter 1. Overview of the Globalization of Trade in Industrial Goods: 1980 2004 1 1.1. Introduction 1 1.2. Data 1 1.3. Structural indicators resulting from social networks analysis 2 1.4. Main results 9 1.4.1. Density of graphs 9 1.4.2. Node degrees 10 1.4.3. Node strengths 12 1.4.4. Node centralities 18 1.4.5. Assortments 22 1.4.6. Clustering 24 1.5. Conclusion 30 Chapter 2. The Dynamics of International Industrial Specializations 33 2.1. Introduction 33 2.2. Influence matrix and country centrality indicators 34 2.3. The dynamics of revealed comparative advantages 45 2.4. Conclusion 53 Chapter 3. Dominance Relationships in an Influence Graph 55 3.1. Introduction 55 3.2. Spanning trees with a single impulse node (STSIN) 61 3.3. Arc-impelled dominances 68 3.4. The value of a dominance impelled by an arc between nodes that belong to two different substructures 76 3.5. Conclusion 83 Chapter 4. Economic Dominance Theory and Structural Indicators on Egocentric Networks 85 4.1. Introduction 85 4.2. Egocentric networks: sectorization, inclusion, insertion and integration 86 4.3. Application to African countries international trade 94 4.4. Conclusion 101 Chapter 5. Economic Dominance Theory and Intra- and Inter-Regional Flow of Technological Knowledge 103 5.1. Introduction 103 5.2. Measuring the dynamic resilience of regions 107 5.3. Measuring the significance and forms of the technological autonomy of regions 113 5.4. Conclusion 119 Chapter 6. Technological Landscapes Analysis: Europe, 2010 2012 121 6.1. Introduction 121 6.2. Four technological landscapes 123 6.3. Some findings 134 6.3.1. The betweenness centrality of regions and technologies 134 6.3.2. The betweenness centrality of companies in regional and technology landscapes 138 6.3.3. The contribution of companies to the centrality of regions and technologies 143 6.3.4. A brief view of the Ile-de-France region 146 6.4. Conclusion 148 Conclusion 151 Appendix 155 Bibliography 163 Index 171
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About Didier Lebert

Didier LEBERT, Deputy Director, Applied Economics Unit, ENSTA ParisTech, France. Hafida EL YOUNSI, Researcher, Applied Economics Unit, ENSTA ParisTech, France.
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