The International Cyclopedia; A Compendium of Human Knowledge, REV. with Large Additions Volume 2

The International Cyclopedia; A Compendium of Human Knowledge, REV. with Large Additions Volume 2

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1898 edition. Excerpt: ...Augustine, Cassiodorus, Ambrose, Hilary, Jerome, Athanasius, Gregory of Tours, Gregory the Great, Hildebert, Irenajus, Lucius Csecilius, Chrysostom, Cyril of Jerusalem, Basil, Cyprian, Justin Martyr, Origen, and Gregory Nazianzen; in all 61 volumes. BENEDICTINES, the general name of all the monks following the rule of St. Benedict. The first Benedictine monastery was that founded at Monte Cassino, in the kingdom of Naples, about 529, by St. Benedict himself. The order increased so rapidly, after the 6th c., that the B. must be regarded as the main agents in the spread of Christianity, civilization, and learning in the west. They are said at one time to have had as many as 37,000 monasteries, and counted among their branches the great order of Clugny, founded about 910; the still greater order of the Cistercians, founded in the following century; the congregations of Monte Cassino in 1408, of St. Vanne in 1600, and of St, Maur on the Loire in 1627. To this last congregation all the Benedictine houses in France were affiliated. It had afterwards its chief seat at St. Maur, near Vincennes, and more lately at St. Germain-des-Pres, near Paris. Its fine conventual buildings at St. Maur on the Loire were destroyed during the revolutionary troubles. Numbering among its monks such scholars as Mabillon, Montfaucon, Sainte-Marthc, D'Achery, Martene, Durand, Rivet, Clemencet, Carpentier, Toustain, Constant, and Tassin, it has rendered services to literature which it would be difficult to overestimate. Besides admirable editions of many of the fathers, the world of letters owes to the B. of St. Maur the Arte deVerifier les Dates (1783-87, in 3 vols, fol.); a much enlarged edition of Ducange's QUssarium Media et Infima Latinitatis (1733-36, in 6 vols, ...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 830 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 42mm | 1,451g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236567307
  • 9781236567307