The International Auxiliary Language Esperanto

The International Auxiliary Language Esperanto

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Excerpt: ...253. Preposition omitted.--Not only the preposition Je (par. 251 ), but also other prepositions, are frequently omitted in Esperanto where we use them in English; but in such case (as stated in par. 68 ) their complements must be in the accusative to show the omission. Care, however, must be taken that the omission does not make the phrase ambiguous. Examples. --Li venos la mardon proksiman (or, en la mardo proksima) = He will come next Tuesday. Mi iros Madridon (or, al Madrido) morga = I shall go to Madrid to-morrow. Mi lin vidis la dekan (or, en la deka) de Julio = I saw him on the 10th of July. Ni restis en la veturilo du horojn (or, dum du horoj) = We remained two hours in the carriage. (a). Prepositions are also always omitted between two substantives, when the word nomata = named could be understood (par. 106 (d)), as: -- La urbo (nomata) Parizo = The city of (named) Paris. La monato Septembro = The month of September. Li uzadas la lingvon internacian (nomatan) Esperanto = He uses the international language Esperanto. (b). The preposition el = of, out of, is sometimes omitted in such an expression as: -- Tri miaj parencoj = Three of my relatives (or, three relations of mine). 254. Prepositions as prefixes.--Prepositions are frequently used as prefixes, and when the compound word is a verb, the preposition is often repeated before the indirect complement of the verb. Examples. --Mi eliris el la korto = I went out of the courtyard. Li eniris en la ambron = He entered (into) the room. La birdo deflugis de la arbo = The bird flew from the tree. Li eliris el la domo = He went out of the house. Or we could say, Li iris el la domo, omitting the joined preposition. 255. Prepositions and case.--In contrast to prepositions in English, which govern the accusative case, all prepositions in Esperanto govern the nominative case. If the complement of a preposition is in the accusative case, this is owing not to the preposition, but to the rule...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 120 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 6mm | 227g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236708180
  • 9781236708182