An Inquiry Into Some of the Most Curious and Interesting Subjects of History, Antiquity, and Science

An Inquiry Into Some of the Most Curious and Interesting Subjects of History, Antiquity, and Science

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1817 edition. Excerpt: ... Parochial Registers, p. 81.) CHAPTEIl CHAPTER XVII. The Origin of the Title of Sheriff, and Titles of Honour amongst the Saxons in England and other Countries, comprehending all Titles now in use. The titles of honour amongst our Saxon ancestors were--Etheling, Prince of the Blood; Chancellor; Assistant to the King in giving judgments; Alderman, or Ealderman, (not Earlderman, as Rapin Thoyras writes this word in his first edition) Governor or Viceroy. It is derived from the word Aid, or Old, like Senator in Latin. Provinces, cities, and sometimes wapentakes, had their Aldermen to govern them, determine law-suits, judge criminals, &c. This office gave place to the title of Earl, which was merely Danish, and introduced by by Canute. Sheriff, or She-reeve, was the Deputy of the Alderman, chosen by him, sat Judge in some Courts, and saw sentence executed; hence he was called Vice-comes. Heartoghan signified, among our Saxon ancestors, Generals of Armies, or Dukes. Hengist, in the Saxon Chronicle, is Heartogh. Such were the Dukes appointed by Constantine the Great, to command the forces in the different provinces of the Roman Empire. These titles began to become hereditary with the office or command annexed, under Pepin and Charlemagne, and grew more frequent, by the successors of these Princes granting many hereditary fiefs to Noblemen, to which they annexed titular dignities. Fiefs were an establishment of the Lombards, from whom the Emperors of Germany and the Kings of France borrowed this custom, and with it the feudal laws, of which no mention is found in the Roman code. Titles began frequently to to become merely honorary about the time of Etho I. in Germany. Reeve, among the English Saxons, was a Steward. The Bishop's Reeve was the...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 38 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 86g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236634349
  • 9781236634344